Nepal Workers Peasants Party

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Nepal Workers Peasants Party
नेपाल मजदुर किसान पार्टी
Abbreviation NMKP
President Narayan Man Bijukchhe
Founder Narayan Man Bijukchhe
Founded January 23, 1975 (1975-01-23)
Headquarters Golmadhi, Bhaktapur
Student wing Nepal Revolutionary Students' Union
Youth wing Nepal Revolutionary Youths' Union
Women's wing Nepal Revolutionary Womens' Union
Peasant Wing Nepal Revolutionary Peasants' Union
Cultural Wing Nepal Revolutionary Culturals' Union
Teacher Wing Nepal Revolutionary Teachers' Union
Worker Union Nepal Revolutionary Workers' Union
Ideology Communism
Marxism-Leninism
Maoism
Political position Far-left
Colors red
Legislature Parliament of Nepal
4 / 601
Election symbol
Nmkp-electionsymbol2064.PNG
Website
www.nwpp.org.np

Nepal Workers Peasants Party (Nepali: नेपाल मजदुर किसान पार्टी, abbreviated नेमकिपा) is a communist party in Nepal. NWPP has a strong base in the Bhaktapur area, but a limited presence otherwise. The party president is Narayan Man Bijukchhe, alias 'Comrade Rohit', who is a member of the Nepalese Parliament.

History

Installing posters for the Nepal Workers Peasants Party, at a hiti (public fountain) in Thamel

Nepal Workers' and Peasants' Party (NWPP), then Nepal Workers' and Peasants' Organisation (नेपाल मजदुर किसान संगठन) was founded on the peasants' movement in Nepal on January 23, 1975. NWPP was founded as a Communist Party in Nepal as well.[1]

NPWO united Rohit's group, which had broken away from the Communist Party of Nepal (Pushpa Lal) in protest over Pushpa Lal Shrestha's support for Indian intervention in East Pakistan, with the Proletarian Revolutionary Organisation, Nepal, and the Mazdoor Kisan Sangram Samiti. The leader of NWPO was Majdur-Kisan. In 1976 the Western Regional Committee published Rato Jhanda.

In 1981 NWPO had a party split and two separate NWPOs came into existence: one NWPO led by Rohit (which later took the name NWPP) and one NWPO led by Hareram Sharma.[2] The current party is a continuation of Rohit's NWPO.

Rohit's NWPO formed part of the United Left Front and had taken part in the 1990 Jana Andolan uprising. It took part in the formation of the Samyukta Janamorcha Nepal, but left just ahead of the 1991 election.[3] The group changed its name to the Nepal Workers Peasants Party, and contested the election separately. It launched 30 candidates, out of whom two were elected. The party got 91335 votes (1.25%).

Ahead of the 1992 elections to local bodies NWPP took part in forming a front together with the Samyukta Janamorcha Nepal, Communist Party of Nepal (Marxist-Leninist-Maoist), Communist Party of Nepal (15 September 1949) and Nepal Communist League.[4]

Current situation

NWPP mural in Bhaktapur

NWPP was active in the protest movements against regression in Nepal and is a member of the Seven Party Alliance which spearheaded the 2006 Loktantra Andolan. After the restoration of a democratic system, the party decided not to join the government, but stayed in the Seven Party Alliance (later converted into the Eight Party Alliance). When the interim legislature was formed in January 2007, Rohit was joined by three nominated MPs: Lila Nyaichai (Bhaktapur), Sunil Prajapati (Bhaktapur), Jagya Bahadur Shahi (Dailekh) and Nawaraj Koirala (Kalikot).[5]

Mass Organizations

Communism in Nepal
South Asian Communist Banner.svg
  • Nepal Revolutionary Youths' Union
  • Nepal Revolutionary Students' Union
  • Nepal Revolutionary Women's Union
  • Nepal Revolutionary Teachers' Union
  • Nepal Revolutionary Peasants' Union
  • Students' welfare committee
  • Nepal Revolutionary Workers' Union
  • Nepal Revolutionary Culturals' Union

References

  1. ^ Central Committee, NRSU (February 2011). "The Role of Nepal Workers' and Peasants' Party in the Communist Movement of Nepal". The Workers Bulletin. 1. 1 (1): 1–6. 
  2. ^ Rawal, Bhim Bahadur. Nepalma samyabadi andolan: udbhab ra vikas. Kathmandu: Pairavi Prakashan. Chart nr. 1.
  3. ^ Upreti, B.C.. The Maoist Insurgency in Nepal: Nature, Growth and Impact. In South Asian Survey 13:1 (2006), page 37
  4. ^ Hoftun, Martin, William Raeper and John Whelpton. People, politics and ideology: Democracy and Social Change in Nepal. Kathmandu: Mandala Book Point, 1999. p. 190
  5. ^ name list of mp
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