Nepal Workers Peasants Party

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Nepal Workers Peasants Party
नेपाल मजदुर किसान पार्टी
Abbreviation NMKP
Chairman Narayan Man Bijukchhe
Founder Narayan Man Bijukchhe
Founded 23 January 1975 (43 years ago) (1975-01-23)
Headquarters Golmadhi, Bhaktapur
Student wing Nepal Revolutionary Students' Union
Youth wing Nepal Revolutionary Youths' Union
Women's wing Nepal Revolutionary Women's Union
Peasant Wing Nepal Revolutionary Peasants' Union
Cultural Wing Nepal Revolutionary Culturals' Union
Teacher Wing Nepal Revolutionary Teachers' Union
Worker Union Nepal Revolutionary Workers' Union
Ideology Juche[1]
Political position Far-left
Colors red
Seats in Pratinidhi Sabha
1 / 275
Election symbol
Nmkp-electionsymbol2064.PNG
Website
www.nwpp.org.np

The Nepal Workers and Peasants Party(NWPP) or Nepal Majdoor Kisan Party[2] (Nepali: नेपाल मजदुर किसान पार्टी, abbreviated नेमकिपा) is a political party in Nepal. The party was founded on 23 January 1975 by Narayan Man Bijukchhe. The party enjoys most of its support from Bhaktapur.[3]

History

Installing posters for the Nepal Workers Peasants Party, at a hiti (public fountain) in Thamel

Foundation

The Nepal Workers and Peasants Party was founded as the Nepal Workers and Peasants Organization on in Nepal on January 23, 1975.[4]

The NPWO had broken away from the Communist Party of Nepal (Pushpa Lal) in protest over Pushpa Lal Shrestha's support for Indian intervention in East Pakistan, together with the Proletarian Revolutionary Organisation, Nepal, and the Mazdoor Kisan Sangram Samiti.

In 1981 the NWPO split, and two separate parties came into existence. One party was led by Narayan Man Bijukchhe, which later became the Nepal Workers and Peasants Party and the other was led by Hareram Sharma.[5]

Jana Andholan I and II (1990-2007)

Bijukchhe's NWPO formed part of the United Left Front and took part in the 1990 Jana Andolan uprising. It participated in the formation of the Samyukta Janamorcha Nepal, but left shortly before the 1991 election.[6] The group changed its name to the Nepal Workers Peasants Party and contested the election separately. It fielded 30 candidates, out of whom two were elected. The party received a total of 91,335 votes, or 1.25%.

Ahead of the 1992 elections to local bodies, the NWPP formed an electoral coalition with the Samyukta Janamorcha Nepal, Communist Party of Nepal (Marxist-Leninist-Maoist), Communist Party of Nepal (Marxist), and Nepal Communist League.[7]

NWPP mural in Bhaktapur

NWPP was active in the protest movements against repression in Nepal and is a member of the Seven Party Alliance which spearheaded the 2006 Loktantra Andolan. After the restoration of a democratic system, the party decided not to join the government, but stayed in the Seven Party Alliance, which later converted into the Eight Party Alliance. When the interim legislature was formed in January 2007, Bijukchhe was joined by four nominated MPs.[8]

Constituent Assembly and Federal Nepal (2008-present)

The party contested the 2008 Constituent Assembly elections and won four seats to the Constituent Assembly. The party also had one nominated member. In the 2013 Constituent Assembly elections, the party again won four seats. The party voted for Khadga Prasad Oli in the prime minister election on 12 October 2015.[9]

In the 2017 local elections, the party won 99 seats to local government and won one mayoral position. Sunil Prajapati was elected as the mayor of Bhaktapur municipality.[10] The party also consted the 2017 legislative and provincial elections and won one seat to the House of Representatives.[11] The party also won two seats to the Provincial Assembly of Province No. 2.[12]

Communism in Nepal
South Asian Communist Banner.svg

Electoral performance

Nepalese Legislative Elections

Election Leader Votes Seats Position Resulting government
# % # +/-
1991 Narayan Man Bijukchhe 91,335 1.25
2 / 205
8th Congress
1994 Narayan Man Bijukchhe 75,072 0.98
4 / 205
Increase 2 Increase 7th CPN (UML) minority
1999 Narayan Man Bijukchhe 48,015 0.56
1 / 205
Decrease 3 Decrease 10th Congress
2008 Narayan Man Bijukchhe 74,089 0.69
4 / 575
Increase 3 Decrease 14th CPN (Maoist)–CPN (UML)–MJFN
2013 Narayan Man Bijukchhe 66,778 0.71
4 / 575
Steady Decrease 15th Congress–CPN (UML)–RPP
2017 Narayan Man Bijukchhe 56,141 0.59
1 / 275
Decrease 3 Increase 11th CPN (UML)–CPN (Maoist Centre)

Presence in various provinces

As of the 2017 provincial elections, Nepal Majdoor Kisan Party only has MPA's in Province No. 3.

Province Seats Year of election
Province No. 3
2 / 110
2017

References

  1. ^ Lee, Seulki (Apr 29 – May 5, 2016). "City of devotees devotes itself to development". Nepali Times. Retrieved 2018-05-13.
  2. ^ https://economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/international/world-news/nepals-left-warns-of-indian-interference-posing-as-relief/articleshow/47132342.cms
  3. ^ "Locals unimpressed with major parties' development agenda". My Republica. Retrieved 2018-04-20.
  4. ^ Central Committee, NRSU (February 2011). "The Role of Nepal Workers' and Peasants' Party in the Communist Movement of Nepal". The Workers Bulletin. 1. 1 (1): 1–6.
  5. ^ Rawal, Bhim Bahadur. Nepalma samyabadi andolan: udbhab ra vikas. Kathmandu: Pairavi Prakashan. Chart nr. 1.
  6. ^ Upreti, B.C.. The Maoist Insurgency in Nepal: Nature, Growth and Impact. In South Asian Survey 13:1 (2006), page 37
  7. ^ Hoftun, Martin, William Raeper and John Whelpton. People, politics and ideology: Democracy and Social Change in Nepal. Kathmandu: Mandala Book Point, 1999. p. 190
  8. ^ name list of mp
  9. ^ "majdoor kisan support oli - Google Search". www.google.com. Retrieved 2018-04-20.
  10. ^ "Prajapati elected Bhaktapur mayor". My Republica. Retrieved 2018-04-20.
  11. ^ "NWPP wins elections in Bhaktapur-1". My Republica. Retrieved 2018-04-20.
  12. ^ "Ousted fringe parties have footing in state assemblies". Retrieved 2018-04-20.
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