Nepal Workers Peasants Party

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Nepal Workers Peasants Party
नेपाल मजदुर किसान पार्टी
Abbreviation NMKP
President Narayan Man Bijukchhe
Founder Narayan Man Bijukchhe
Founded January 23, 1975 (1975-01-23)
Headquarters Golmadhi, Bhaktapur
Student wing Nepal Revolutionary Students' Union
Youth wing Nepal Revolutionary Youths' Union
Women's wing Nepal Revolutionary Womens' Union
Peasant Wing Nepal Revolutionary Peasants' Union
Cultural Wing Nepal Revolutionary Culturals' Union
Teacher Wing Nepal Revolutionary Teachers' Union
Worker Union Nepal Revolutionary Workers' Union
Ideology Communism
Political position Far-left
Colors red
Seats in Pratinidhi Sabha
1 / 275
Election symbol

The Nepal Workers Peasants Party (NWPP) (Nepali: नेपाल मजदुर किसान पार्टी, abbreviated नेमकिपा) is a political party in Nepal with a communist ideology. NWPP has a strong base in the Bhaktapur area, but a limited presence elsewhee. The party's president is Narayan Man Bijukchhe, alias Comrade Rohit, who is a member of the Nepalese Parliament.


Installing posters for the Nepal Workers Peasants Party, at a hiti (public fountain) in Thamel

The Nepal Workers and Peasants Party (NWPP) was founded as the Nepal Workers and Peasants Organization (नेपाल मजदुर किसान संगठनon in Nepal on January 23, 1975.[1]

The NPWO had broken away from the Communist Party of Nepal (Pushpa Lal) in protest over Pushpa Lal Shrestha's support for Indian intervention in East Pakistan, together with the Proletarian Revolutionary Organisation, Nepal, and the Mazdoor Kisan Sangram Samiti. The leader of NWPO at that the was Majdur-Kisan.

In 1981 the NWPO split, and two separate NWPOs came into existence. One NWPO was led by Bijukchhe, and this later took the name Nepal Workers Peasants Party. The other was the Nepal Workers and Peasants Organisation (Hareram Sharma), and was led by Hareram Sharma.[2] The current NWPP is a continuation of Bijukchhe's NWPO.

Bijukchhe's NWPO formed part of the United Left Front and took part in the 1990 Jana Andolan uprising. It participated in the formation of the Samyukta Janamorcha Nepal, but left shortly before the 1991 election.[3] The group changed its name to the Nepal Workers Peasants Party and contested the election separately. It fielded 30 candidates, out of whom two were elected. The party received a total of 91,335 votes, or 1.25%.

Ahead of the 1992 elections to local bodies, the NWPP formed an electoral coalition with the Samyukta Janamorcha Nepal, Communist Party of Nepal (Marxist-Leninist-Maoist), Communist Party of Nepal (September 15 1949), and Nepal Communist League.[4]

Current situation

NWPP mural in Bhaktapur

NWPP was active in the protest movements against repression in Nepal and is a member of the Seven Party Alliance which spearheaded the 2006 Loktantra Andolan. After the restoration of a democratic system, the party decided not to join the government, but stayed in the Seven Party Alliance, which later converted into the Eight Party Alliance. When the interim legislature was formed in January 2007, Bijukchhe was joined by four nominated MPs: Lila Nyaichai (Bhaktapur); Sunil Prajapati (Bhaktapur); Jagya Bahadur Shahi (Dailekh); and Nawaraj Koirala (Kalikot).[5]


  1. ^ Central Committee, NRSU (February 2011). "The Role of Nepal Workers' and Peasants' Party in the Communist Movement of Nepal". The Workers Bulletin. 1. 1 (1): 1–6. 
  2. ^ Rawal, Bhim Bahadur. Nepalma samyabadi andolan: udbhab ra vikas. Kathmandu: Pairavi Prakashan. Chart nr. 1.
  3. ^ Upreti, B.C.. The Maoist Insurgency in Nepal: Nature, Growth and Impact. In South Asian Survey 13:1 (2006), page 37
  4. ^ Hoftun, Martin, William Raeper and John Whelpton. People, politics and ideology: Democracy and Social Change in Nepal. Kathmandu: Mandala Book Point, 1999. p. 190
  5. ^ name list of mp
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