Nein

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Nein
ניין
نين
View of Nein from entrance to the village
View of Nein from entrance to the village
Nein is located in Jezreel Valley region of Israel
Nein
Nein
Coordinates: 32°38′N 35°21′E / 32.633°N 35.350°E / 32.633; 35.350Coordinates: 32°38′N 35°21′E / 32.633°N 35.350°E / 32.633; 35.350
Grid position 183/226 PAL
District Northern
Council Bustan al-Marj
Population (2016)[1] 1,775

Nein (Arabic: نين‎, Na'in, lit. Charming, Hebrew: ניין‎) — also Nain or Naim in English — is an Arab village in northern Israel. Located in the Lower Galilee, 14 kilometers (8.7 mi) south of Nazareth, Nein covers a land area of approximately 1,000 dunums and falls under the jurisdiction of Bustan al-Marj Regional Council, whose headquarters it hosts.[2] Its total land area consisted of 3,737 dunums prior to 1962.[3] According to the Israeli Central Bureau of Statistics, in 2016 it had a population of 1,775.[1]

Location

Nein lies a short distance from Mount Tabor.[4] A hill known in Arabic as Tell el-Ajul lay on the path that ran between Nein and nearby Indur, an Arab village destroyed in the 1948 Arab-Israeli war.[5] Biblical archaeologist Edward Robinson describes Nein as lying on the northern slope of a hill called "the little Hermon", and it is described in biblical guidebooks as lying at the foot of the Hill of Moreh.[6]

Biblical associations

The raising of the young man of Nain, by Lucas Cranach, in 1569.

Edward Robinson and Eli Smith, who visited Palestine in the mid-19th century, identified Nein as, "the Nain of the New Testament" (Greek: Ναΐν) where, according to Luke 7:11-17, Jesus raised a young man from death and reunited him with his mother.[7] According to Luke's account, this young man was the only son of an unnamed widow. When Jesus saw the dead son being carried out and the mourning widow, he felt compassion for her. He walked towards the bier or stretcher, touched it, stopped the funeral procession and told the man: "Young man, I say to you, arise!" The man came alive, sat up, and began to speak. The people who were standing around were all struck by the event, seen as a sign that 'a great prophet' had arisen among them, and the report of it spread widely across Judea and the surrounding region. Nain is not mentioned in the other canonical gospels.

History

Rock-sunk tombs have been found here, probably of Christian origin.[8]

Nein is mentioned in the writing of Eusebius (c. 263–339) and Jerome (c. 347–420) as being situated near Endor (Indur).[7] Its identity as a biblical site was recognized by the Crusaders, who built a church there to commemorate the site of the miracle, a church rebuilt by the Franciscans.[4][7][9]

In 1101, during the Crusader era, Tancred, Prince of Galilee granted Nein together with several other villages to the abbey of Mount Tabor.[10] In 1153, it belonged to the Hospitallers.[11] By 1263, the area was ruled by Baybars.[9]

Ottoman era

Nein, like the rest of Palestine, was incorporated into the Ottoman Empire in 1517, and in the census of 1596, the village was located in the nahiya of Safa in the liwa of Lajjun. It had a population of 119 households, all Muslim. They paid a fixed tax-rate of 25% on agricultural products, including wheat, barley, summer crops, olive trees, goats and beehives, in addition to winter pastures and occasional revenues; the taxes totalled 80,000 akçe.[12]

In 1838 Robinson and Smith noted that Nein had decreased in size over the ages, and was at time a small hamlet, inhabited by a few families.[6][7][13] In 1875 Victor Guérin saw here a ruined building, measuring 18 times 12 paces.[14]

In the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine (1882), Nein was described as a small village made of stone and adobe, with a small mosque, named Mukam Sidna Aisa, to the north.[15]

British Mandate era

In the 1922 census of Palestine conducted by the British authorities, Nain had a population of 157, all Muslims,[16] increasing in the 1931 census to 189, still all Muslim, in a total of 34 houses.[17]

In 1945 the population was 270, all Muslims,[18] while the total land area was 4,687 dunams, according to an official land and population survey.[19] Of this, 87 dunams were for plantations and irrigable land, 3,602 for cereals,[20] while 31 dunams were classified as built-up areas.[21]

References

  1. ^ a b "List of localities, in Alphabetical order" (PDF). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved September 26, 2017. 
  2. ^ Bustan El-Marj (Israel) Dov Gutterman, Flags of the World.
  3. ^ Welcome To Na'in
  4. ^ a b Carta, 1999, p. 26.
  5. ^ van de Velde, 1858, p. 142.
  6. ^ a b Robinson and Smith, 1841, vol 3, p. 182
  7. ^ a b c d Robinson and Smith, 1841, vol. 3, p. 226.
  8. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1881, SWP I, p. 125
  9. ^ a b Pringle, 1998, p. 115
  10. ^ Röhricht, 1893, RRH, pp. 5-6, No. 36; cited in Pringle, 1998, p. 115
  11. ^ Röhricht, 1904, RRH Ad, pp. 18-19, No. 280b; cited in Pringle, 1998, p. 115
  12. ^ Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 157
  13. ^ Robinson and Smith, 1841, vol 3, p. 118
  14. ^ Guérin, 1880, pp. 115-117
  15. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1882, SWP II, p. 86
  16. ^ Barron, 1923, Table XI, Sub-district of Nazareth, p. 38
  17. ^ Mills, 1932, p. 75
  18. ^ Department of Statistics, 1945, p. 8
  19. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 62
  20. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 110
  21. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 160

Bibliography

  • Abu Raya, Rafeh (2006-06-11). "Nein" (118). Hadashot Arkheologiyot – Excavations and Surveys in Israel. 
  • Abu Zidan, Fadi (2011-10-07). "Nein" (123). Hadashot Arkheologiyot – Excavations and Surveys in Israel. 
  • Abu Zidan, Fadi (2014-12-31). "Nein" (126). Hadashot Arkheologiyot – Excavations and Surveys in Israel. 
  • Avshalom-Gorni, Dina (2011-08-16). "Nein" (123). Hadashot Arkheologiyot – Excavations and Surveys in Israel. 
  • Barron, J. B., ed. (1923). Palestine: Report and General Abstracts of the Census of 1922. Government of Palestine. 
  • Carta (1999). The River Jordan: An Illustrated Guide from Bible Days to the Present (Illustrated ed.). Kregel Publications. ISBN 9780825423765. 
  • Conder, Claude Reignier; Kitchener, H. H. (1882). The Survey of Western Palestine: Memoirs of the Topography, Orography, Hydrography, and Archaeology. 2. London: Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund. 
  • Covello-Paran, Karen (2011-04-17). "Nein-'En Ha-More (N)" (122). Hadashot Arkheologiyot – Excavations and Surveys in Israel. 
  • Dalali-Amos, Edna (2008-01-25). "Nein (A)" (120). Hadashot Arkheologiyot – Excavations and Surveys in Israel. 
  • Dalali-Amos, Edna (2008-04-02). "Nein (B)" (120). Hadashot Arkheologiyot – Excavations and Surveys in Israel. 
  • Dalali-Amos, Edna (2014-09-03). "Nein" (126). Hadashot Arkheologiyot – Excavations and Surveys in Israel. 
  • Dauphin, Claudine (1998). La Palestine byzantine, Peuplement et Populations. BAR International Series 726 (in French). III : Catalogue. Oxford: Archeopress. ISBN 0-860549-05-4.  p. 734
  • Department of Statistics (1945). Village Statistics, April, 1945. Government of Palestine. 
  • Guérin, Victor (1880). Description Géographique Historique et Archéologique de la Palestine (in French). 3: Galilee, pt. 1. Paris: L'Imprimerie Nationale. 
  • Hadawi, Sami (1970). Village Statistics of 1945: A Classification of Land and Area ownership in Palestine. Palestine Liberation Organization Research Center. 
  • Hanna, Butros (2010-03-15). "Nein Final Report" (122). Hadashot Arkheologiyot – Excavations and Surveys in Israel. 
  • Hütteroth, Wolf-Dieter; Abdulfattah, Kamal (1977). Historical Geography of Palestine, Transjordan and Southern Syria in the Late 16th Century. Erlanger Geographische Arbeiten, Sonderband 5. Erlangen, Germany: Vorstand der Fränkischen Geographischen Gesellschaft. ISBN 3-920405-41-2. 
  • Mills, E., ed. (1932). Census of Palestine 1931. Population of Villages, Towns and Administrative Areas. Jerusalem: Government of Palestine. 
  • Mokary, Abdalla (2009-07-23). "Nein (A)" (121). Hadashot Arkheologiyot – Excavations and Surveys in Israel. 
  • Mokary, Abdalla (2009-09-11). "Nein (B)" (121). Hadashot Arkheologiyot – Excavations and Surveys in Israel. 
  • Mokary, Abdalla (2009-09-15). "Nein (C)" (121). Hadashot Arkheologiyot – Excavations and Surveys in Israel. 
  • Mokary, Abdalla (2010-12-01). "Nein" (122). Hadashot Arkheologiyot – Excavations and Surveys in Israel. 
  • Mokary, Abdalla (2010-12-12). "Nein (West)" (122). Hadashot Arkheologiyot – Excavations and Surveys in Israel. 
  • Palmer, E. H. (1881). The Survey of Western Palestine: Arabic and English Name Lists Collected During the Survey by Lieutenants Conder and Kitchener, R. E. Transliterated and Explained by E.H. Palmer. Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund. 
  • Pringle, Denys (1998). The Churches of the Crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem: L-Z (excluding Tyre). II. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0 521 39037 0. 
  • Robinson, Edward; Smith, Eli (1841). Biblical Researches in Palestine, Mount Sinai and Arabia Petraea: A Journal of Travels in the year 1838. 3. Boston: Crocker & Brewster. 
  • Röhricht, Reinhold (1893). (RRH) Regesta regni Hierosolymitani (MXCVII-MCCXCI) (in Latin). Berlin: Libraria Academica Wageriana. 
  • Röhricht, Reinhold (1904). (RRH Ad) Regesta regni Hierosolymitani Additamentum (in Latin). Berlin: Libraria Academica Wageriana. 
  • van de Velde, Carel Willem Meredith (1858). Memoir to Accompany the Map of the Holy Land. Gotha: Justus Perthes. 
  • Zidan, Omar (2013-12-19). "Nein" (125). Hadashot Arkheologiyot – Excavations and Surveys in Israel. 

External links

  • Welcome To Na'in
  • Survey of Western Palestine, Map 9: IAA, Wikimedia commons
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