Neil Gorsuch Supreme Court nomination

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Judge Neil Gorsuch, his wife Louise,[1] and President Donald Trump during the announcement in the East Room of the White House.

In February 2016, Associate Justice Antonin Scalia of the Supreme Court of the United States died, leaving a vacancy on the highest federal court in the United States. Article II of the U.S. Constitution gives the president the power to nominate justices to the Supreme Court, subject to the "advice and consent" of the Senate.[2] Scalia's seat remained open until the beginning of the Trump administration in January 2017, as the Senate refused to consider outgoing President Barack Obama's nomination of Merrick Garland. Gorsuch's name came to President Trump’s attention via Leonard Leo.[3] On January 31, 2017, President Donald Trump announced his selection of Judge Neil Gorsuch for the position of Associate Justice to replace the late Justice Scalia. Gorsuch's nomination was transmitted to the United States Senate on February 1, 2017.[4]

When nominated, Gorsuch was a sitting judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Tenth Circuit, to which he had been appointed by George W. Bush. If confirmed, Gorsuch would be the youngest sitting Supreme Court justice since Clarence Thomas, as well as the first Protestant to sit on the Court since John Paul Stevens’s retirement in 2010.[5]

Background

Death of Antonin Scalia

In 1986, President Ronald Reagan nominated D.C. Circuit Judge Antonin Scalia to the Supreme Court to fill the associate justice vacancy caused by the retirement of Chief Justice Warren Burger and the subsequent elevation of William Rehnquist to Chief Justice. Scalia was unanimously confirmed by the Senate and became a part of the court's conservative bloc, often supporting originalist and textualist positions.[6] On February 13, 2016, Justice Scalia was found dead at the Cibolo Creek Ranch in Shafter, Texas.[7][8] Scalia's death marked only the second time in sixty years that a Supreme Court justice had died in office, the other being Chief Justice Rehnquist in 2005.[9] Scalia's death was also the seventh occasion since 1900 in which a seat on the Supreme Court of the United States was vacant during a year in which a presidential election was set to occur.[10]

Nomination of Merrick Garland

At the time of Scalia's death, the sitting president was Barack Obama, a member of the Democratic Party, while the Republican Party held a 54–46 seat majority in the Senate.[11] Because of the composition of the Supreme Court at the time of Scalia's death, and the belief that President Obama could replace Scalia with a much more liberal successor, some believed that an Obama appointee could potentially swing the Court in a liberal direction for many years to come, with potentially far-reaching political consequences.[12] President Obama ultimately nominated Merrick Garland on March 16, 2016. The Republican-controlled Senate refused to consider Garland's nomination for 293 days, until it expired when the 114th Congress adjourned in January 2017.[13] The defeat of Garland's nomination left Scalia's seat vacant when President Trump took office in January 2017. Many Democrats reacted angrily to the Senate's refusal to consider Garland, with Democratic Senator Jeff Merkley of Oregon describing the vacant seat as a "stolen seat."[14] However, Republicans such as Iowa Senator Chuck Grassley argued that the Senate was within its rights to refuse to consider a nominee until the inauguration of a new president.[15]

Nomination

Candidates

During the 2016 presidential campaign, while Garland remained before the Senate, Trump released two lists of potential nominees. On May 18, 2016, Trump released a short list of eleven judges for nomination to the Scalia vacancy.[16] In September 2016, Trump released a second list of ten possible nominees, this time including three minorities.[17] Both lists were assembled by the Federalist Society and the Heritage Foundation.[18] After winning the presidential election, Trump and White House Counsel Don McGahn interviewed four individuals for the Supreme Court opening, all of whom had appeared on one of the two previously-released lists.[18] The four individuals were federal appellate judges Thomas Hardiman, William H. Pryor Jr., and Neil Gorsuch, as well as federal district judge Amul Thapar.[18] All four had been appointed to the federal bench by President George W. Bush. While Pryor had been seen by many as the early front-runner due to the backing of Attorney General Jeff Sessions, many evangelicals expressed resistance to him, and the final decision ultimately came down to Gorsuch or Hardiman.[18] Hardiman had the support of Trump's sister, Judge Maryanne Trump Barry,[18] but Trump instead chose to nominate Gorsuch.[19]

Announcement

President Trump announced the nomination of Gorsuch on January 31, 2017. The nomination was formally transmitted to the Senate on February 1, 2017.[20] His nomination is now pending before the Senate Judiciary Committee. At age 49, Gorsuch would be the youngest sitting Supreme Court justice since Clarence Thomas. Having clerked for Anthony Kennedy, Gorsuch would also be the first Supreme Court Justice to have previously clerked for a Justice still sitting on the court.[21]

At the time of the nomination, Gorsuch was described as solidly conservative, but likely to be confirmed without much difficulty.[22][23][24] Richard Primus of Politico described Gorsuch as "Scalia 2.0" due to ideological similarities,[25] and a report prepared by Lee Epstein, Andrew Martin, and Kevin Quinn predicted that Gorsuch would be a "reliable conservative" similar to Scalia.[26]


Senate consideration

Committee

Gorsuch's nomination will first be considered by the Senate Judiciary Committee, which holds hearings on all federal judicial nominations and decides whether or not to send nominations to the full Senate for a final confirmation vote.[27] The committee consists of 11 Republican Senators and 9 Democratic Senators, and is chaired by Republican Chuck Grassley. In February 2017, the committee requested the Justice Department to send all documents they had regarding Gorsuch's work in the George W. Bush administration. As of March 9, 2017, the Justice Department had turned over more 144,000 pages of documents and, according to a White House spokesman, more than 220,000 pages of documents in total had been sent to the committee.[28] Gorsuch's confirmation hearings started on March 20, 2017, and are expected to last up to four days.[29][30]

Confirmation Hearings

On the first day of hearings, Senators largely used their opening statements to criticize each other, with Ranking Member Dianne Feinstein complaining of the “unprecedented treatment” of Judge Merrick Garland, while Colorado Senator Michael Bennet felt “two wrongs don’t make a right”, and Senator Ted Cruz insisted President Trump’s nomination now carried “super-legitimacy”.[31] Democratic Senators repeatedly criticized Gorsuch for a case where the Tenth Circuit ruled in favor of a truck driver who had abandoned his trailer in inclement conditions, with Senator Dick Durbin telling Gorsuch the weather was “not as cold as your dissent”.[31]

In his own 16-minute opening statement, Gorsuch repeated his belief that a judge who likes all his rulings is “probably a pretty bad judge”, and noted that his large record included many examples where he ruled both for and against disadvantaged groups.[31]

On the second day of hearings Gorsuch responded to questions by committee members. When Chairman Chuck Grassley asked Gorsuch if he would “have any trouble ruling against the president who appointed you”, Gorsuch replied, no, and “that’s a softball”.[32] Senator Cruz used his time to ask Gorsuch about The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy, basketball, and mutton busting.[32] When asked by Senator Lindsey Graham how he would have reacted if during his interview at Trump Tower the President had asked him to vote against Roe v. Wade, Gorsuch replied “I would have walked out the door”.[32]

Democratic Senators continued to criticize Gorsuch on his dissent in the case involving a truck driver, with Ranking Member Feinstein asking him “will you be for the little men” and Senator Al Franken telling the judge his position was “absurd”.[32] Senator Patrick Leahy used his time to praise Judge Garland, criticize those policies of President George W. Bush that Gorsuch had defended at the Justice Department, and to ask Gorsuch how he would rule in Washington v. Trump.[32] Gorsuch refused to comment on active litigation, explained that Justice Department lawyers must defend their client, but did say that Garland is “an outstanding judge” and that Gorsuch always reads his opinions with “special care”.[32]

On the third day of hearings Gorsuch continued to answer questions by committee members. Senator Orrin Hatch asked Gorsuch if “you think your writings reflect a knee-jerk attitude against common-sense regulations”, to which the judge replied “no”.[33] In response to Senator Sheldon Whitehouse’s question of if the judge would be subject to agency capture by big business, Gorsuch replied “nobody will capture me”.[34] Senator Franken laughed out loud when Senator Jeff Flake asked Gorsuch if he had ever served on a jury; Gorsuch said he had.[33] Senator Flake then asked Gorsuch if he would rather fight “100 duck-sized horses or one horse-size duck”, to which Gorsuch avoided giving a firm answer.[33]

Senator Amy Klobuchar told Gorsuch he employed only “selective originalism”.[34] Gorsuch then replied to a question by Ranking Member Feinstein on the Equal Protection Clause by saying, “no one is looking to return us to horse and buggy days” and that “it matters not a whit that some of the drafters of the Fourteenth Amendment were racists. Because they were. Or sexists, because they were. The law they drafted promises equal protection of the laws to all persons. That’s what they wrote.”[34]

During Wednesday’s hearings, the Supreme Court unanimously reversed the Tenth Circuit in an Individuals with Disabilities Education Act case Gorsuch had not been involved in, although in 2008 he had written for a unanimous panel applying the same circuit precedent.[34] Still, Senate Minority Leader Chuck Schumer said this demonstrated “a continued, troubling pattern of Judge Gorsuch deciding against everyday Americans - even children who require special assistance at school.”[34]

After twenty hours of questioning over two days, observers viewed Gorsuch’s confirmation as inevitable.[34]

Confirmation Hearing Witnesses for Neil Gorsuch
Date Witnesses Role Notes
March 20 Michael Bennet, Senator (D-CO) Introducer, home state senator Testimony.[a]
Cory Gardner, Senator (R-CO) Introducer, home state senator Testimony.[b]
Neal Katyal, Former Acting Solicitor General Introducer Testimony.[c]
Neil Gorsuch Nominee Testimony.[d]
March 21
March 22
March 23 Nancy Scott Degan, Chair, American Bar Association Standing Committee on the Federal Judiciary Congressional witness Testimony.[e]
Shannon Edwards, Member, American Bar Association Standing Committee on the Federal Judiciary Congressional witness
Deanell Reece Tacha, Pepperdine University School of Law Duane And Kelly Roberts Dean And Professor Of Law, U.S. Court Of Appeals Judge (Retired) Republican witness Testimony.[f]
Robert Harlan Henry, President of Oklahoma City University, U.S. Court Of Appeals Judge (Retired) Republican witness
John L. Kane Jr., United States federal judge, United States District Court for the District of Colorado Republican witness
Leah Bressack, former law clerk Republican witness Testimony.[g]
Elisa Massimino, President and CEO, Human Rights First Democratic witness Testimony.[h]
Jameel Jaffer, Executive Director, Columbia University Knight First Amendment Institute Democratic witness Testimony.[i]
Jeff Perkins Democratic witness Testimony.[j]
Guerino J. Calemine, III, General Counsel, Communication Workers of America Democratic witness Testimony.[k]
Jeff Lamken, Partner, MoloLamken Republican witness
Lawrence Solum, Carmack Waterhouse Professor Of Law, Georgetown University Law Center Republican witness Testimony.[l]
Jonathan Turley, J.B. And Maurice C. Shapiro Professor Of Public Interest Law, The George Washington University Law School Republican witness Testimony.[m]
Karen Harned, Executive Director, National Federation Of Independent Business Small Business Legal Center Republican witness Testimony.[n]
Heather McGhee, President, Demos Democratic witness Testimony.[o]
Fatima Goss Graves, Senior Vice President For Program & President-Elect, National Women’s Law Center Democratic witness Testimony.[p]
Patrick Gallagher, Director, Sierra Club Environmental Law Program Democratic witness Testimony.[q]
Eve Hill, Partner, Brown Goldstein Levy Democratic witness Testimony.[r]
Peter Kirsanow, Commissioner, U.S. Commission On Civil Rights; Partner, Benesch, Friedlander, Coplan & Aronoff Republican witness Testimony.[s]
Alice Fisher, Partner, Latham & Watkins Republican witness Testimony.[t]
Hannah Smith, Senior Counsel, Becket Fund Republican witness Testimony.[u]
Tim Meyer, former law clerk Republican witness Testimony.[v]
Jamil Jaffer, former law clerk Republican witness Testimony.[w]
Kristen Clarke, President & CEO,

Lawyers Committee For Civil Rights Under Law

Democratic witness Testimony.[x]
Sarah Warbelow, Legal Director, Human Rights Campaign Democratic witness Testimony.[y]
Amy Hagstrom Miller, President, CEO, & Founder, Whole Woman’s Health Democratic witness Testimony.[z]
William Marshall, William Rand Kenan Jr. Distinguished Professor Of Law, University Of North Carolina Democratic witness Testimony.[aa]
Sandy Phillips Democratic witness Testimony.[ab]

Full Senate

Gorsuch must win a simple majority vote of the full Senate to be confirmed, but the opposition can prevent a vote from being held by the use of a filibuster, which requires a 60-vote super-majority to be defeated. At the time of the Gorsuch nomination, Republicans held 52 seats in the 100-seat chamber, as well as the potential tie-breaking vote in Vice President Mike Pence.[35] After nominating Gorsuch, President Trump called on the Senate to use the "nuclear option" and abolish the filibuster if its continued existence would prevent Gorsuch's confirmation.[36] While many Republican Senators such as John McCain expressed reluctance about abolishing the filibuster, others such as John Cornyn argued that the GOP majority should reserve all options necessary to confirm Gorsuch.[35]

Democratic opposition focused on complaints saying that Scalia's seat should have been filled by President Obama.[37][38] In addition, Democratic Senators Al Franken, Bernie Sanders, Elizabeth Warren and Kamala Harris criticized aspects of Gorsuch's record, especially in relation to women's rights, his perceived anti-trade union judgments, and opposition to campaign finance reform. Democratic senator Jeff Merkley said he would do "anything in his power" – including the power of filibustering – to oppose Gorsuch's nomination. While Senate Minority Leader Chuck Schumer opposed Gorsuch's record, he did not commit himself to a filibuster.[39] Other Democratic Senators including Joe Manchin,[40] Chris Coons, Heidi Heitkamp,[41] Claire McCaskill, Richard Blumenthal, Joe Donnelly, and Dick Durbin have indicated that they think Gorsuch should receive an up/down vote.[42]

Responses from organizations and notable persons

Protests at the U.S Supreme Court broke out following Gorsuch's nomination.

Norm Eisen, who was named by Obama to be Special Counsel for Ethics and Government Reform in the White House and Ambassador to the Czech Republic, has endorsed Gorsuch.[43] Eisen was a classmate of both Gorsuch and Obama at Harvard Law.[43] Neal Katyal, who served as Acting Solicitor General of the United States during the Obama Administration and who is currently a law professor at Georgetown University Law Center, has endorsed Gorsuch for approval to the Supreme Court.[44]

The National Rifle Association, the National Shooting Sports Foundation, the Second Amendment Foundation and other gun rights groups endorsed Gorsuch,[45][46][47] while Americans for Responsible Solutions, the Law Center to Prevent Gun Violence and other gun control proponents have opposed his nomination.[48][49] House Minority Leader Nancy Pelosi said Gorsuch "comes down on the side of felons over gun safety". Politifact called her statement misleading and said that Gorsuch's past rulings do not "demonstrate that he thinks more felons should be allowed guns than what is already permitted under the law".[50]

The American Civil Liberties Union raised concerns about Gorsuch's respect for disability rights.[51] The Secular Coalition for America, Freedom from Religion Foundation and Union for Reform Judaism all voiced strong concerns with Gorsuch's nomination.[52]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Congressional hearings, Senator Bennet.
  2. ^ Congressional hearings, Senator Gardner.
  3. ^ Congressional hearings, Acting AG Katyal.
  4. ^ Congressional hearings, Judge Gorsuch.
  5. ^ Congressional hearings, ABA.
  6. ^ Congressional hearings, Hon. Tacha (Ret.).
  7. ^ Congressional hearings, Leah Bressack.
  8. ^ Congressional hearings, Elisa Massimino.
  9. ^ Congressional hearings, Jameel Jaffer.
  10. ^ Congressional hearings, Jeff Perkins.
  11. ^ Congressional hearings, Guerino Calemine.
  12. ^ Cite error: The named reference SolumTestimony was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  13. ^ Cite error: The named reference TurleyTestimony was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  14. ^ Congressional hearings, Karen Harned.
  15. ^ Congressional hearings, Heather McGhee.
  16. ^ Congressional hearings, Fatima Goss Graves.
  17. ^ Congressional hearings, Patrick Gallagher.
  18. ^ Congressional hearings, Eve Hill.
  19. ^ Congressional hearings, Peter Kirsanow.
  20. ^ Congressional hearings, Alice Fisher.
  21. ^ Cite error: The named reference SmithTestimony was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  22. ^ Cite error: The named reference MeyerTestimony was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  23. ^ Cite error: The named reference JamilJafferTestimony was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  24. ^ Cite error: The named reference ClarkeTestimony was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  25. ^ Cite error: The named reference WarbelowTestimony was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  26. ^ Cite error: The named reference MillerTestimony was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  27. ^ Congressional hearings, William Marshall.
  28. ^ Congressional hearings, Sandy Phillips

References

  1. ^ McBride, Jessica (January 31, 2017). "Louise Gorsuch, Neil Gorsuch's Wife: 5 Fast Facts You Need to Know". Retrieved February 2, 2017. 
  2. ^ Denniston, Lyle (February 14, 2016). "Is a recess appointment to the Court an option?". SCOTUS Blog. Retrieved February 16, 2016. 
  3. ^ Eric Lipton and Jeremy W. Peters (March 18, 2017). "In Gorsuch, Conservative Activist Sees Test Case for Reshaping the Judiciary". NYT. Retrieved March 19, 2017. 
  4. ^ Wheeler, Lydia (January 31, 2017). "Trump taps Neil Gorsuch for Supreme Court". The Hill. Retrieved January 31, 2017. 
  5. ^ VerBruggen, Robert (February 6, 2017). "Boring Neil Gorsuch". The American Conservative. Washington, DC: Jon Basil Utley. Retrieved February 6, 2017. 
  6. ^ Toobin, Jeffrey (2012), "Lawyers, guns, and money", in Toobin, Jeffrey, The oath: the Obama White House and the Supreme Court, New York: Doubleday, pp. 111–112, ISBN 9780385527200.  Details.
  7. ^ Liptak, Alan (February 13, 2016), "Justice Antonin Scalia, Who Led a Conservative Renaissance on the Supreme Court, Is Dead at 79", The New York Times, retrieved February 18, 2016 
  8. ^ Hennessy-Fiske, Molly (February 14, 2016). "Scalia's last moments on a Texas ranch — quail hunting to being found in 'perfect repose'". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved February 18, 2016. 
  9. ^ Gresko, Jessica (February 14, 2016). "Scalia's death in office a rarity for modern Supreme Court". Associated Press. Retrieved February 15, 2016. 
  10. ^ Howe, Amy (February 13, 2016). "Supreme Court vacancies in presidential election years". SCOTUSblog. Retrieved February 18, 2016. 
  11. ^ Lee, Timothy B. (February 13, 2016). "The coming fight to replace Justice Scalia, explained". Vox. Retrieved February 16, 2016. 
  12. ^ Helmore, Edward (February 14, 2016). "Republicans and Democrats draw battle lines over supreme court nomination". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved February 15, 2016. 
  13. ^ Jess Bravin, President Obama’s Supreme Court Nomination of Merrick Garland Expires, Wall Street Journal (January 3, 2017).
  14. ^ Calfas, Jennifer (January 31, 2017). "Merkley vows to fight Trump's nominee to fill 'stolen' Supreme Court". The Hill. Retrieved February 2, 2017. 
  15. ^ Everett, Burgess (October 27, 2016). "Republicans at war over Supreme Court". Politico. Retrieved February 2, 2017. 
  16. ^ Alan Rappeport, Charlie Savage (May 18, 2016). "Donald Trump Releases List of Possible Supreme Court Picks". The New York Times. Archived from the original on July 22, 2016. 
  17. ^ Reena Flores, Major Garrett (September 23, 2016). "Donald Trump expands list of possible Supreme Court picks". CBS News. Retrieved November 13, 2016. 
  18. ^ a b c d e Goldmacher, Shane; Johnson, Eliana; Gerstein, Josh (January 31, 2017). "How Trump got to yes on Gorsuch". Politico. Retrieved February 1, 2017. 
  19. ^ Jackson, David (February 1, 2017). "Why Trump chose Neil Gorsuch as his Supreme Court nominee". USA Today. Retrieved February 2, 2017. 
  20. ^ "Congressional Record". 
  21. ^ Enten, Harry (February 1, 2017). "Trump Picks Super Conservative, Super Qualified Neil Gorsuch For The Supreme Court". FiveThirtyEight. Retrieved February 1, 2017. 
  22. ^ "Trump chooses Neil Gorsuch, a conservative seen as likely to be confirmed, for Supreme Court". LA Times. Retrieved 2017-02-01. 
  23. ^ Enten, Harry. "How Conservative A Supreme Court Nominee Can Trump Get Through The Senate?". FiveThirtyEight. Retrieved 2017-02-01. 
  24. ^ Konnikova, Maria. "The 4 Rules That Will Explain Neil Gorsuch's Confirmation Fight - POLITICO Magazine". Politico.com. Retrieved 2017-02-01. 
  25. ^ Primus, Richard (January 31, 2017). "Trump Picks Scalia 2.0". Politico. Retrieved February 2, 2017. 
  26. ^ Parlapano, Alicia; Yourish, Karen (February 1, 2017). "Where Neil Gorsuch Would Fit on the Supreme Court". New York Times. Retrieved February 2, 2017. 
  27. ^ Cowan, Richard (February 1, 2017). "Senate Judiciary Democrat says panel should hold hearings for Gorsuch". Reuters. Retrieved February 2, 2017. 
  28. ^ Kim, Seung Min (March 9, 2017). "DOJ sends 144,000 pages of Gorsuch documents to Senate". Politico. Retrieved March 14, 2017. 
  29. ^ Kim, Seung Min (16 February 2017). "Gorsuch confirmation hearing set for March 20". Politico. Retrieved 16 February 2017. 
  30. ^ "United States Senate Committee on the Judiciary". www.judiciary.senate.gov. Retrieved 2017-03-21. 
  31. ^ a b c Matt Flegenheimer (21 March 2017). "Gorsuch Tries to Put Himself Above Politics in Confirmation Hearing". The New York Times. p. A20. Retrieved 23 March 2017. 
  32. ^ a b c d e f Adam Liptak; Matt Flegenheimer (22 March 2017). "GORSUCH ASSERTS HE WOULD BE ABLE TO BUCK TRUMP - HAS MADE 'NO PROMISES' - Expansive and Evasive in Sometimes Tense Questioning". The New York Times. p. A1. Retrieved 23 March 2017. 
  33. ^ a b c Matt Flegenheimer. "Of Horse v. Duck, Mutton Busting and Other Confirmation Diversions". The New York Times. p. A16. Retrieved 23 March 2017. 
  34. ^ a b c d e f Adam Liptak; Matt Flegenheimer (23 March 2017). "Democrats Fail to Move Gorsuch Off Script and Beyond Generalities". The New York Times. p. A17. Retrieved 23 March 2017. 
  35. ^ a b Everett, Burgess; Bresnahan, John; Min Kim, Seung (February 1, 2017). "GOP won't rule out killing the filibuster for Supreme Court pick". Politico. Retrieved February 2, 2017. 
  36. ^ Jackson, David (February 1, 2017). "Trump: Go 'nuclear' and abolish filibuster on Gorsuch vote if needed". USA Today. Retrieved February 2, 2017. 
  37. ^ 6:00 AM ET (2016-03-30). "Trump's Supreme Court Nominee Is Going To Face An Angry, Partisan Senate Battle". NPR. Retrieved 2017-02-01. 
  38. ^ Shear, Michael D.; Liptak, Adam (January 24, 2017). "A Supreme Court Pick Is Promised. A Political Brawl Is Certain.". Retrieved February 1, 2017 – via NYTimes.com. 
  39. ^ "Facing a "Massive Revolt," Senate Democrats Move to Block Neil Gorsuch". Vanity Fair. Retrieved 2017-02-01. 
  40. ^ "Sen. Manchin on Gorsuch: 'Let's give the man a chance'". 
  41. ^ "Schumer searches for SCOTUS strategy". 
  42. ^ 2017 (February 2, 2017). "Democracts Send Mixed Opinions on Confirming Neil Gorsuch". 
  43. ^ a b Clauss, Kyle Scott (February 1, 2017). "Neil Gorsuch, Trump's Supreme Court Pick, Attended Harvard Law with Obama". Boston. Boston, Massachusetts. Retrieved February 3, 2017. 
  44. ^ Boyer, Dave (February 1, 2017). "Former Obama official endorses Gorsuch nomination for Supreme Court". Washington Times. Washington, DC. Retrieved February 3, 2017. “I have no doubt that if confirmed, Judge Gorsuch would help to restore confidence in the rule of law,” Mr. Katyal wrote in a New York Times op-ed. “His years on the bench reveal a commitment to judicial independence — a record that should give the American people confidence that he will not compromise principle to favor the president who appointed him.” 
  45. ^ NRA-ILA. "NRA-ILA - NRA Applauds Neil Gorsuch's Nomination to the U.S. Supreme Court". 
  46. ^ Beckett, Lois (February 1, 2017). "NRA cheers nomination of Neil Gorsuch, seen as gun rights defender" – via The Guardian. 
  47. ^ "SAF Impressed With Judge Neil Gorsuch For Supreme Court". 
  48. ^ "Opinion - Nancy Pelosi and gun control groups claim that Neil Gorsuch sides with 'felons over gun safety'". 
  49. ^ "Statement from Americans for Responsible Solutions and the Law Center to Prevent Gun Violence on Nomination of Judge Neil Gorsuch to United States Supreme Court". January 31, 2017. 
  50. ^ Carroll, Lauren (February 2, 2017). "Does Neil Gorsuch side with 'felons over gun safety,' as Pelosi says?". politifact.com. Retrieved February 3, 2017. 
  51. ^ Center, Claudia (February 2, 2017). "Supreme Court Nominee Neil Gorsuch Has a Troubling History When Ruling on Disability Rights Cases". ACLU. 
  52. ^ Zauzmer, Julie (February 1, 2017). "Neil Gorsuch belongs to a notably liberal church — and would be the first Protestant on the Court in years". The Washington Post. 

External links

  • President Trump's Nominee for the Supreme Court Neil M. Gorsuch. The White House
  • President Trump Announces Supreme Court of the United States Nominee on YouTube
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