Ndonga dialect

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Ndonga language)
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Ndonga
ndonga
Native to Namibia and southern Angola
Region Ovamboland
Native speakers
810,000 (2006)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-1 ng
ISO 639-2 ndo
ISO 639-3 ndo
Glottolog ndon1254[2]
R.22[3]
Linguasphere 99-AUR-lc

Ndonga, also called Oshindonga, is a Bantu language spoken in Namibia and parts of Angola. It is a standardized dialect of the Ovambo language, and is mutually intelligible with Kwanyama, the other Ovambo dialect with a standard written form. With 281,500 speakers, the language has the largest number of speakers in Namibia.

Martti Rautanen translated the Bible into the Ndonga standard.[4]

Phonology

Vowels

Oshindonga uses a five-vowel system:

Front Back
Close i u
Mid e o
Open a

Consonants

Oshindonga contains the following consonant phonemes:

Labial Dental Alveolar Palatal Velar Glottal
Nasal voiceless ŋ̊
voiced m n ɲ ŋ
Plosive voiceless p t k ʔ
voiced b d g
Fricative voiceless f θ s ʃ x h
voiced v ð z ʒ ɣ
Approximant central w j
lateral l

Oshindonga also contains many consonant compounds, listed below:

  • m̥pʰ
  • n̥tʰ
  • n̥kʰ
  • m̥pʰw
  • n̥tʰw
  • n̥kʰw
  • n̥th
  • n̥dz
  • n̥tsʰ
  • xw
  • tsˈ (voiceless, ejective, alveolor affricate)
  • psʲˈ (voiceless, palatalized, labio-alveolar affricate)

References

  1. ^ Ndonga at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Ndonga". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. 
  3. ^ Jouni Filip Maho, 2009. New Updated Guthrie List Online
  4. ^ "Namiweb.com". Namibweb.com. Retrieved 2013-03-16. 
  • Fivaz, Derek (2003). A Reference Grammar of Oshindonga (2 ed.). Windhoek: Out of Africa Publishers. 

External links

  • Ndonga


Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ndonga_dialect&oldid=843413492"
This content was retrieved from Wikipedia : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ndonga_language
This page is based on the copyrighted Wikipedia article "Ndonga dialect"; it is used under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY-SA). You may redistribute it, verbatim or modified, providing that you comply with the terms of the CC-BY-SA