Nawrahta of Kanni

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Nawrahta of Kanni
ကန်းနီ နော်ရထာ
Governor of Kanni
Reign 1349 – 1364?
Governor of Pinle
Reign 29 March 1344 – c. April 1349
Predecessor Kyawswa I (as Viceroy)
Successor Min Letwe
Governor of Shisha
Reign 7 February 1313 – 29 March 1344
Born c. 1300s
Pinle
Issue Thettawshay of Dabayin
Father Thihathu
Mother Mi Saw U
Religion Theravada Buddhism

Nawrahta of Kanni (Burmese: ကန်းနီ နော်ရထာ,[1] pronounced [káɴnì nɔ̀jətʰà]; also spelled ကန္နီ နော်ရထာ,[2] [kàɴnì nɔ̀jətʰà]) was a senior Myinsaing prince, who held important governorship positions in the rival Burmese-speaking kingdoms of Pinya and Sagaing. He was the youngest child of King Thihathu and his chief queen Mi Saw U, and the youngest brother of kings Uzana I and Kyawswa I of Pinya.[3]

Nawrahta was given the town of Shisha (ရှိရှား) in fief on 7 February 1313 by Thihathu.[3] He remained loyal to his father's Pinya faction when the Myinsaing Kingdom split into Pinya and Sagaing kingdoms in 1315. He remained loyal to Pinya throughout the reigns of Uzana I and Sithu. On 29 March 1344,[note 1] Kyawswa I succeeded the Pinya throne and appointed his younger brother Nawrahta governor of the important city of Pinle, their ancestral base.[1] But two brothers became rivals, and in 1349,[note 2] Nawrahta fled west to Sagaing where his nephew Nawrahta Minye had just become king. Nawrahta Minye appointed Nawrahta governor of Kanni.[1]

All royal chronicles from Maha Yazawin (1724) onward identify Nawrahta of Kanni as an ancestor (maternal great-great-great grandfather) of King Bayinnaung of Toungoo Dynasty.[4]

Notes

  1. ^ Chronicles (Hmannan Vol. 1 2003: 380) say Kyawswa I came to power in 704 ME (28 March 1342 to 27 March 1343). But inscriptional evidence (Than Tun 1959: 124) shows he came to power on 29 March 1344.
  2. ^ Per inscriptional evidence (Yazawin Thit Vol. 1 2012: 175, footnotes 5 and 6), Nawrahta Minye reigned for seven months and was alive on 25 October 1349 (Sunday, 13th waning of Tazaungmon 711 ME).

References

  1. ^ a b c Hmannan Vol. 1 2003: 380
  2. ^ Sein Lwin Lay 2006: 247
  3. ^ a b Hmannan Vol. 1 2003: 370–371
  4. ^ Thaw Kaung 2010: 118–119

Bibliography

  • Royal Historical Commission of Burma (1832). Hmannan Yazawin (in Burmese). 1–3 (2003 ed.). Yangon: Ministry of Information, Myanmar. 
  • Sein Lwin Lay, Kahtika U (1968). Mintaya Shwe Hti and Bayinnaung: Ketumadi Taungoo Yazawin (in Burmese) (2006, 2nd printing ed.). Yangon: Yan Aung Sarpay. 
  • Than Tun (December 1959). "History of Burma: A.D. 1300–1400". Journal of Burma Research Society. XLII (II). 
  • Thaw Kaung, U (2010). Aspects of Myanmar History and Culture. Yangon: Gangaw Myaing. 
Nawrahta of Kanni
Royal titles
Preceded by
Governor of Kanni
1349–1364?
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Kyawswa I
Governor of Pinle
29 March 1344 – c. April 1349
Succeeded by
Min Letwe
Preceded by
Governor of Shisha
7 February 1313 – 29 March 1344
Succeeded by
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