Navajo Braille

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Navajo Braille
Type
alphabet
Languages Navajo
Parent systems
Braille
Print basis
Navajo alphabet

Navajo Braille is the braille alphabet of the Navajo language. It uses a subset of the letters of Unified English Braille, along with the punctuation and formatting of that standard. There are no contractions.

Additional letters, beyond those of English braille, are for ł, for ' (glottal stop and ejective consonants), the French vowels with grave accents for the Navajo vowels with acute accents (high tone), and for ogonek on the following vowel (nasal vowels, e.g. for ą, for ą́). is only used for the digit 6, as the letter 'f' does not exist in the Navajo alphabet.

In numerical order by decade, the letters are:

⠁ (braille pattern dots-1)
a, 1
⠃ (braille pattern dots-12)
b, 2
⠉ (braille pattern dots-14)
c, 3
⠙ (braille pattern dots-145)
d, 4
⠑ (braille pattern dots-15)
e, 5
⠋ (braille pattern dots-124)
6
⠛ (braille pattern dots-1245)
g, 7
⠓ (braille pattern dots-125)
h, 8
⠊ (braille pattern dots-24)
i, 9
⠚ (braille pattern dots-245)
j, 0
⠅ (braille pattern dots-13)
k
⠇ (braille pattern dots-123)
l
⠍ (braille pattern dots-134)
m
⠝ (braille pattern dots-1345)
n
⠕ (braille pattern dots-135)
o
⠎ (braille pattern dots-234)
s
⠞ (braille pattern dots-2345)
t
⠭ (braille pattern dots-1346)
x
⠽ (braille pattern dots-13456)
y
⠵ (braille pattern dots-1356)
z
⠷ (braille pattern dots-12356)
á
⠮ (braille pattern dots-2346)
é
⠹ (braille pattern dots-1456)
ł
⠺ (braille pattern dots-2456)
w
⠌ (braille pattern dots-34)
í
⠬ (braille pattern dots-346)
ó
⠄ (braille pattern dots-3)
'
⠨ (braille pattern dots-46)
ogonek

The alphabet was created by Carol Green[1] and adopted by the Navajo Nation in 2015.[2]

References

  1. ^ Paths to Literacy, 'Navajo Braille Code', Carol Begay Green, Dec 10, 2017
  2. ^ Arizona Daily Sun, 'New Mexico teacher develops braille code for Navajo', Jan 7, 2018
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