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Navagrahas, a Raja Ravi Varma painting.

The Graha (Sanskrit: ग्रह, "seizing, laying hold of, holding",[1] ) or Navagraha (Sanskrit: नवग्रह, "nine houses") are deities Who are the personified forms of major celestial bodies in Hinduism and Hindu astrology.[2]

There are nine graha. They include the Sun, the Moon, Mars, Mercury, Jupiter, Venus, and Saturn, and the ascending and descending lunar nodes, respectively known as Rahu and Ketu.

Planets, celestial bodies and lunar nodes

The Navagraha are:[2]

  1. Surya (a.k.a. Ravi, Bhaanu, Aadit, Aaditya, Arka, Savitr, Suraj, Hiranyagarbha, Maricha, etc.), The Sun
  2. Chandra (a.k.a. Soma, Chandran, Chandrama, Indu, Induma, Shashi, Mayank, etc.), The Moon
  3. Mangala, (a.k.a. Bhauma, Bhumisuta, Bhuminandan, Lohit, Lohitanga, Kuja, Angaaraka, Raktavarna, etc.), Mars
  4. Budha, (a.k.a. Saumya, Rauhineya, Tunga, etc.), Mercury
  5. Guru (a.k.a. Brhaspati, Suraguru, Devaguru, etc.), Jupiter, the Guru (Master/Teacher) of the Suras/Devas (Gods)
  6. Shukra, (a.k.a. Bhrugu, Bhrigusuta, Bhrigunandan, etc.), Venus, the Guru of the Asura (Hinduism)
  7. Shani, (a.k.a. Sthira, Shanaischar, etc.), Saturn
  8. Raahu, (a.k.a. Bhayanaka, Svarbhaanu-Sirsa, Svarbhaanu-Mastak, etc.), North Node/Ascending Node
  9. Ketu, (a.k.a. Svarbhaanu-Puccha, etc.), South Node/Descending Node

Raahu and ketu are not really planets or grahas but are considered shadow planets.

Also the days of the week are based on these planets except for Raahu and Ketu...The days are Sunday or Ravivaar on the Sun (Surya/Ravi), Monday or Somvaar on the Moon (Som/Chandra), Tuesday or Mangalvaar on Mars (Mangal), Wednesday or Budhvaar on Mercury (Buddh), Thursday or Bhruhaspativaar/ Guruvaar on the planet Jupiter (Brhaspati/Guru), Friday or Shukravaar based on the planet Venus (Shukra), and Saturday or Shanivaar based on the planet Saturn (Shani).


Temples that incorporate or are dedicated to one or all nine of the Navagraha are found in different parts of India, such as in Tamil Nadu.[3]

Navagraha sculpture from Bihar, India, 10th century, now at the San Diego Museum of Art.

See also


  1. ^ Sanskrit-English Dictionary by Monier-Williams, (c) 1899
  2. ^ a b Roshen Dalal (2010). Hinduism: An Alphabetical Guide. Penguin Books. p. 280. ISBN 978-0-14-341421-6. 
  3. ^ Anantharaman, Ambjuam (2006). Temples of South India (second ed.). East West. pp. x–xxi, 302–304. ISBN 978-81-88661-42-8. 
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