Navagraha

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Navagrahas, a Raja Ravi Varma painting.

The Graha (Sanskrit: graha "seizing, laying hold of, holding",[1] ) or Navagraha (Sanskrit, "nine houses") are deities in Hinduism and Hindu astrology.[2]

There are nine graha. They include the Sun, the Moon, Mars, Mercury, Jupiter, Venus, and Saturn, and the ascending and descending lunar nodes, respectively known as Rahu and Ketu.

Planets, celestial bodies and lunar nodes

The Navagraha are:[2]

  1. Surya (a.k.a. Ravi), the Sun
  2. Chandra (a.k.a. Soma), the Moon
  3. Mangala, Mars
  4. Budha, Mercury
  5. Guru Jupiter
  6. Shukra, Venus
  7. Shani,Saturn
  8. Rahu
  9. Ketu

Temples

Temples that incorporate or are dedicated to one or all nine of the Navagraha are found in different parts of India, such as in Tamil Nadu.[3]

Navagraha sculpture from Bihar, India, 10th century, now at the San Diego Museum of Art.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Sanskrit-English Dictionary by Monier-Williams, (c) 1899
  2. ^ a b Roshen Dalal (2010). Hinduism: An Alphabetical Guide. Penguin Books. p. 280. ISBN 978-0-14-341421-6. 
  3. ^ Anantharaman, Ambjuam (2006). Temples of South India (second ed.). East West. pp. x–xxi, 302–304. ISBN 978-81-88661-42-8. 
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