National shrine

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A national shrine is a Catholic church or other sacred place which has met certain requirements and is given this honor by the national Episcopal Conference to recognize the church's special historical, cultural and religious significance.[1]

Process

For a church to receive the status of a national shrine involves a number of steps and certifications. It must first be designated as a diocesan (or archdiocesan) shrine, an honor conferred by the local bishop or archbishop.[2] To be designated as a diocesan shrine, the subject church must be a place "to which numerous members of the faithful make pilgrimage for a special reason of piety."[1] It must exceed other churches in terms of worship, Christian formation, and social services.[2] When these requirements are met, the parish petitions the bishop to canonically elevate the church.[2]

When devotion has grown, the diocesan shrine may petition the national Conference of Catholic Bishops. Evaluation by the nation's bishops involves considerations including canon law, liturgy, and doctrine.[2]

Declaration of an international shrine is conferred by the Holy See.[3]

International

Number by country

There are eight international shrines in the world, and 157 national shrines.[7]

Africa

  • Kenya: Village of Mary, Mother of God, Subukia, Kenya[8]

Central America

North America

South America

  • Argentina (1)
  • Brazil (1)
  • Chile (1)
  • Ecuador (5)
  • Paraguay (1)
  • Trinidad and Tobago (1)
  • Uruguay (3)
  • Venezuela (3)

South and East Asia

  • China (2)
  • India (2 national)
  • Philippines (21)
  • South Korea (1)
  • Sri Lanka (2)
  • Taiwan (2)
  • Vietnam (1)

Central and Southwest Asia

  • Lebanon (1)

Eastern Europe

  • Albania (15)
  • Belarus (1)
  • Croatia (2)
  • Czech Republic (1)
  • Poland (3 national, 3 international)
  • Slovakia (1)
  • Slovenia (1)

Western Europe

Oceania

  • Australia (4)

References

  1. ^ a b Canon 1231, Code of Canon Law
  2. ^ a b c d Tambuyat, Adrian. "Archdiocesan Shrine of Our Lady of Guadalupe declared National Shrine on May 31". Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Manila. Retrieved October 10, 2012.
  3. ^ Code of Canon Law §1231
  4. ^ "The Hindu : Kerala / Kochi News : Malayattoor church festival held". hindu.com. Retrieved 2014-06-06.
  5. ^ Agreement Between the Holy See and Republic of Latvia, Article 12
  6. ^ Kasten, Patricia. "Shrines vary in size, designation", The Compass, Roman Catholic Diocese of Green Bay Wisconsin, August 12, 2016
  7. ^ Chow, Gabriel (2012). "International and National Shrines". GCatholic.org. Retrieved October 10, 2012.
  8. ^ Subikia Shrine
  9. ^ National Shrine of Our Lady of Prompt Succor
  10. ^ [1]

External links

  • Catholic Shrines, a listing of all the Catholic shrines in the United States
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