National colours

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National colours are frequently part of a country’s set of national symbols.

Many states and nations have formally adopted a set of colours as their official "national colours" while others have de facto national colours that have become well-known through popular use. National colours often appear on a variety of different media, from the nation’s flag to the colours used in sports.


Country Flag Primary colours Secondary colours Further information Primary Secondary
Afghanistan Afghanistan Green, red, white and black                 
Albania Albania Red and black         
Argentina Argentina Light blue and white[1]         
Armenia Armenia Red and blue         
Australia Australia Green and gold National colours of Australia         
Austria Austria Red and White         
Bangladesh Bangladesh Red, Green and Gold White and Blue                      
Belgium Belgium Red Black and yellow, light blue (cycling)[2]                  
Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina Blue, Gold and White             
Brazil Brazil Green and yellow Blue and white                  
Canada Canada Red and white[3] Black (hockey only) National colours of Canada              
Chile Chile Red, white, and blue             
China China Red and Yellow         
Czech Republic Czech Republic White, red, and blue[4][5][6] National colours of the Czech Republic             
Denmark Denmark Red and white         
Estonia Estonia Blue, black, and white[7]             
Finland Finland White and blue Red and gold                  
France France Blue, white, and red[8]             
Germany Germany Black, red and gold Black and white National colours of Germany                      
Ghana Ghana Red, Gold, Green and Black White and black                          
Greece Greece Blue and white National colours of Greece         
Haiti Haiti Red and blue[9]         
Hungary Hungary Red, white and green             
India India Saffron, Blue, White, Green                 
Indonesia Indonesia Red and white[10]         
Iran Iran Green, white and red             
Ireland Republic of Ireland Green[citation needed] and Blue White and orange Green relates to Goídel Glas, Father of Goidelic (Gaelic) languages and Gaels, Blue relates to St Patrick, White as it appears on the Irish flag relates to peace between the Gaelic nationalism and the Loyalist supporters of William of Orange and Orange for William of Orange                  
Israel Israel Blue and white[11] National colours of Israel         
Italy Italy Green, white and red[12] Azure National colours of Italy                  
Jamaica Jamaica Green, gold and black             
Libya Libya Red, Black, Green and White                 
Malaysia Malaysia Gold and black Red, white, yellow and blue                          
Mexico Mexico Green, white and red             
Nepal Nepal Crimson     
Netherlands Netherlands Orange Red, white and blue                  
New Zealand New Zealand Black[13] White, silver, ochre red, teal National colours of New Zealand                      
Norway Norway Red, white and blue Red and gold                      
Pakistan Pakistan Green and white         
Philippines Philippines Blue, red, white and yellow                 
Poland Poland White and red         
Portugal Portugal Green and red (Before the 1910 revolution: white and blue)                  
Romania Romania blue, yellow and red             
Russia Russia White, blue and red             
Serbia Serbia Red, blue and white[14][15][16] National colours of Serbia             
Slovakia Slovakia White, blue and red             
Slovenia Slovenia White, blue and red[17] Green, blue and white (sports)[18]                          
Sweden Sweden Blue[citation needed] and gold[citation needed]         
Sri Lanka Sri Lanka Blue, red and yellow             
Tajikistan Tajikistan Green, yellow, red and white                 
Turkey Turkey Red, white Turquoise              
Ukraine Ukraine Blue and yellow National colours of Ukraine         
United Kingdom United Kingdom Red, white and blue National colours of the United Kingdom             
United States United States Red, white, and blue[9]             
Uruguay Uruguay Blue and white Red; light blue is used in sports                  
Venezuela Venezuela Yellow, blue and red Burgundy (sports)                  
Vietnam Vietnam Yellow and red         

See also


  1. ^ "Símbolos nacionales". Government of Argentina. Archived from the original on 2015-10-09. La primera enseña patria es la Bandera Nacional. Creada por el general Manuel Belgrano el 27 de febrero de 1812, fue consagrada con los mismos colores ‘celeste y blanco’ por el Congreso de Tucumán el 20 de julio de 1816 y ratificada por el mismo cuerpo en Buenos Aires, el 25 de febrero de 1818. 
  2. ^ "Rode Duivels brengen eerbetoon aan wielrenners met uitshirts". Sporza. Retrieved 2016-08-20. 
  3. ^ "National Colours: Red and White". Government of Canada. Retrieved 2013-10-26. 
  4. ^ "Státní symboly". 
  5. ^ "Symboly současné České republiky". 
  6. ^ "Státní symboly České republiky". 
  7. ^ "National symbols of Estonia". 
  8. ^ "Le drapeau tricolor" [The Tricolor Flag] (in French). 2002-06-20. Archived from the original on 2005-01-28. Retrieved 2015-07-18. Le pavillon, ainsi que le drapeau national, sera formé des trois couleurs nationales disposées en trois bandes égales, de manière à ce que le bleu soit attaché à la garde du pavillon, le blanc au milieu et le rouge flottant. 
  9. ^ a b "National Symbols". The World Factbook (52nd ed.). Washington, DC: Central Intelligence Agency, Office of Public Affairs. 2014. ISBN 978-0-16-092553-5. OCLC 913577992. 
  10. ^ Minahan, James B. (2009). The Complete Guide to National Symbols and Emblems. ABC-CLIO. p. 65. ISBN 978-0-313-34497-8. Retrieved 2015-10-26. National colors: Red and white 
  11. ^ "Israel National Symbols: The Israeli Flag". Jewish Virtual Library. Retrieved 2014-06-11. 
  12. ^ Ferorelli, Nicola (1925). La vera origine del tricolore italiano. Rassegna storica del Risorgimento. 12. pp. 654–680. 
  13. ^ "Design of The New Zealand Orders Insignia". The Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet, Government of New Zealand. Retrieved 2013-03-20. 
  14. ^ The Journal of the Orders & Medals Research Society of Great Britain. Orders and Medals Research Society. 1969. p. 207). 
  15. ^ Chronicles. Rockford Institute. 1994. p. 39. 
  16. ^ Thomas, Nigel; Mikulan, Krunoslav (2006). The Yugoslav Wars (2): Bosnia, Kosovo and Macedonia 1992–2001. Osprey Publishing. p. 58. ISBN 978-1-84176-964-6. 
  17. ^ "National Insignia". Government of the Republic of Slovenia. Retrieved 2016-08-21. the three national colours (white, blue and red) of Carniola - the central historic state on the territory of the Slovenian people - are used 
  18. ^ "Sport in Slovenia" (PDF). Government Communication Office of the Republic of Slovenia. Retrieved 2016-08-21. The Olympic Committee of Slovenia suggests that sports organisations use the following ratio when designing national sports equipment: 50% green, 30% blue and 20% white. 

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