National Savings and Investments

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National Savings and Investments
Non-ministerial government department and executive agency of the Chancellor of the Exchequer
Industry Financial Services
Founded 1861
Headquarters 1 Drummond Gate,
London SW1V 2QX
Key people
Ed Anderson, Chairman
Ian Ackerley, Chief executive
Products Savings and Investments
Website www.nsandi.com
A page with a pre-printed table. It has handwritten entries showing amounts of deposits and withdrawals, and the balance. Each entry has a post office date stamp.
From the 1860s onwards, the customer would take their deposit book, such as this 1869 example, to a Post Office each time they made a transaction.
A 1921 receipt for a deposit of one shilling in the Post Office Savings Bank.
A publicity stamp from around the end of the Second World War urging investors to buy National Savings Certificates for National Reconstruction.
A National Savings Week publicity label from 1949.

National Savings and Investments (NS&I), formerly called the Post Office Savings Bank and National Savings, is a state-owned savings bank in the United Kingdom. It is both a non-ministerial government department[1] and an executive agency of the Chancellor of the Exchequer.[2] Historically, the aim of NS&I has been to attract funds from individual savers in the UK for the purpose of funding the government’s public sector borrowing requirement (i.e., the funds in excess of taxation that the government requires to fund its expenditure). NS&I attracts savers through offering savings products with tax-free elements on some products, and a 100% guarantee from HM Treasury on all deposits.

History

National Savings and Investments was founded by the Palmerston government in 1861 as the Post Office Savings Bank, the world's first postal savings system. The aim of the bank was to allow ordinary workers a facility "to provide for themselves against adversity and ill-health", and to provide the government with access to debt funding. As an example, savings certificates were issued in World Wars I and II to help finance the war effort. On 1 June 1957, the Premium Bonds draws were inaugurated, using E.R.N.I.E. – the Electronic Random Number Indicator Equipment machine (now located in the Science Museum).

In 1969, the bank was transferred from the Post Office to the Treasury. Its name was changed to National Savings Bank, and it gained an independent legal identity under the National Savings Bank Act 1971.

The name was changed again in 2002 to National Savings and Investments.[3]

The current graphic identity of NS&I, including the NS&I logotype, was created in 2005 by Lloyd Northover, the British design consultancy founded by John Lloyd and Jim Northover.[4]

Role

NS&I manages around £150 billion in savings.[5] Funds from NS&I have historically been a relatively cheap source of government borrowing. The bank sets interest rates both to attract savers and provide low-cost finance for the government. 100% of savings are government guaranteed, with rules in place to ensure that it does not offer market-leading products that would stifle competition.[6]

Operations

NS&I's head office is in Pimlico, London, with operational sites in Blackpool, Glasgow, Birkenhead and Durham. However, its entire back office operation is contracted out to a French company, Atos IT Solutions and Services. The back office site is located offshore in Chennai. Until July 2011, the contract was held by Siemens IT and Solutions. In the past, it offered many of its services through post offices, and was founded in 1861 as a postal savings system. In November 2011, it was announced that most products would only be available by telephone, online, or by post. Premium Bonds would be the only remaining product sold in post offices.[7] From 1 August 2015, NS&I stopped selling Premium Bonds through post offices, and became a purely direct business.[8]

Current products

NS&I offers a wide range of savings and investment products, specialising in tax-free and income-generating products. Some of these are off-sale and only available for roll-over by maturing investments:

Premium Bonds celebrated their 50th anniversary in November 2006 when a special 5× £1m jackpot draw was announced. A second 5× £1m jackpot anniversary draw in June 2007 celebrated 50 years since the very first prize draw.

Old products

Products which are no longer on sale with NS&I include:

  • TESSA-only ISA;
  • Fixed-Rate Savings Bonds;
  • Pensioners' Bonds and Capital Bonds;
  • Ordinary Account/Treasurer's Account/SAYE/Yearly Plan/Deposit Bonds;
  • FIRST Option Bonds;
  • National Savings Stamps and Gift Tokens;
  • Easy Access Savings Account;
  • Children's Bonus Bonds.

Government guarantee

All savings and investment products are 100% backed by HM Treasury.

See also

References

  1. ^ "NS&I". GOV.UK. Retrieved 14 February 2014.
  2. ^ "Who we are NS&I Corporate Site". Nsandi.com. 9 September 2015.
  3. ^ Story of NS&I National Savings & Investments, 2013. Retrieved 10 October 2013. Archived here.
  4. ^ NS&I John David Lloyd, 2013. Retrieved 10 October 2013. Archived here.
  5. ^ NS&I Annual Report and Accounts 2016-2017 National Savings & Investments, 2017. Retrieved 21 November 2017. Archived here.
  6. ^ Gompertz, Simon (14 September 2015). "NS&I cuts interest rate for thousands of savers". BBC News.
  7. ^ "NS&I Announces Latest Changes As Part Of Its Five Year Modernisation Programme" (PDF). NS&I. Retrieved 2012-10-16.
  8. ^ "NS&I 2014-15 results – Business goes 100% direct to satisfy customer demand and maintain efficiency". NS&I.

External links

  • Official website
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