National Pantheon of the Dominican Republic

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National Pantheon of the Dominican Republic
DOMREP-s-dom-panteon-innen.jpg
Interior of the Pantheon
Location Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic
Coordinates 18°28′30″N 69°52′59″W / 18.475131°N 69.883158°W / 18.475131; -69.883158
Built 1714-1746
Restored 1956
Restored by Javier Borroso
Architect Geronimo Quezada y Garçon
Architectural style(s) Neoclassic-renaissance
National Pantheon of the Dominican Republic is located in the Dominican Republic
National Pantheon of the Dominican Republic
Location in Dominican Republic

The National Pantheon was built from 1714-1746 by the Spaniard Geronimo Quezada y Garçon and was originally a Jesuit church.[1][2] The structure was constructed in the neoclassic-renaissance style. Today the structure stands as a national symbol of the Dominican Republic and serves as the final resting place of the Republic's most honored citizens.

History

Jesuits held mass here from 1746-1767. After 1767 it was used as a tobacco warehouse and then as the first Dominican theater for purely artistic purposes by the society Amantes de las Letras in 1860 until 1878 when it became theater La Republicana which operated until 1917.[3] It housed governmental offices until 1956.

In 1956, Spanish architect Javier Borroso renovated the structure to serve its new purpose as a national mausoleum, by order of then dictator Rafael Trujillo. Originally, Trujillo envisioned being interred at the National Pantheon, yet today it is the place where the country's most famous persons are honored, among others Trujillo's assassins.[1]

Other notables that are buried at the National Pantheon include; Francisco Gregorio Billini, Gregorio Luperón, Eugenio María de Hostos and Jose Gabriel García

References

  1. ^ a b "The National Pantheon". dominicanrepublic.com. Retrieved 31 March 2011. 
  2. ^ "JESUIT INSTITUTIONS IN THE DOMINICAN REPUBLIC". http://www.manresa-sj.org/stamps/2_Dominican.htm. Retrieved 6 October 2011.  External link in |publisher= (help)
  3. ^ Billini de Espaillat, Gisela Mejía (1946). "Figuras y Relatos de Ayer. Pags 129-130". El Teatro la Republicana. Editora del Caribe. 

Coordinates: 18°28′30.47″N 69°52′59.37″W / 18.4751306°N 69.8831583°W / 18.4751306; -69.8831583 (National Pantheon of the Dominican Republic)

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