National League Championship Series

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The National League Championship Series (NLCS) is a best-of-seven series played in October in the Major League Baseball postseason that determines the winner of the National League (NL) pennant. The winner of the series advances to play the winner of the American League Championship Series (ALCS) in the World Series, Major League Baseball's championship series.

History

Prior to 1969, the National League champion (the "pennant winner") was determined by the best win-loss record at the end of the regular season. There were four ad hoc three-game playoff series due to ties under this formulation (in 1946, 1951, 1959, and 1962). (The American League had to resolve a tie in 1948, but used a single-game playoff.)

A structured postseason series began in 1969, when both the National and American Leagues were reorganized into two divisions each, East and West. The two division winners within each league played each other in a best-of-five series to determine who would advance to the World Series. In 1985, the format changed to best-of-seven.

The NLCS and ALCS, since the expansion to seven games, are always played in a 2–3–2 format: games 1, 2, 6, and 7 are played in the stadium of the team that has home field advantage, and games 3, 4, and 5 are played in the stadium of the team that does not. Home field advantage is given to the team that has the better record, with the exception that the team that made the postseason as the Wild Card cannot get home field advantage. From 1969 to 1993, home field advantage was alternated between divisions each year regardless of regular season record and from 1995 to 1997 home field advantage was predetermined before the season.

In 1981, a divisional series was held due to a split season caused by a players' strike.

In 1994, the league was restructured into three divisions, with the three division winners and a wild-card team advancing to a best-of-five postseason round, the National League Division Series (NLDS). The winners of that round advance to the best-of-seven NLCS.

Every current National League franchise has appeared in the NLCS at least once except the Washington Nationals, who have not made the NLCS since relocating from Montreal. The Houston Astros made four NLCS appearances before moving to the AL in 2013.

The Milwaukee Brewers and Houston Astros are the only franchises to play in both the NLCS and the ALCS. The Astros are the only team to have won both the National and American League Championship Series.

Championship Trophy

The Warren C. Giles Trophy, named for the president of the NL from 1951 to 1969, is awarded to the NLCS winner.[1]

Most Valuable Player Award

See: League Championship Series Most Valuable Player Award#National League winners

A Most Valuable Player (MVP) award is given to the outstanding player in each series, though voters can consider performances made during the divisional series. The MVP award has been given to a player on the losing team twice, in 1986 to Mike Scott of the Houston Astros and in 1987 to Jeff Leonard of the San Francisco Giants.

Although the National League began its LCS MVP award in 1977, the American League did not begin its LCS MVP award until 1980.[2]

NLCS results (1969–present)

Key
wc Denotes wild-card team (since 1995)
* Denotes MVP did not play for winning team
Year Winner Manager Loser Manager Record Series MVP Network
1969 New York Mets Gil Hodges Atlanta Braves Lum Harris 3–0   NBC
1970 Cincinnati Reds Sparky Anderson Pittsburgh Pirates Danny Murtaugh 3–0   NBC
1971 Pittsburgh Pirates Danny Murtaugh San Francisco Giants Charlie Fox 3–1   NBC
1972 Cincinnati Reds Sparky Anderson Pittsburgh Pirates Bill Virdon 3–2   NBC
1973 New York Mets Yogi Berra Cincinnati Reds Sparky Anderson 3–2   NBC
1974 Los Angeles Dodgers Walter Alston Pittsburgh Pirates Danny Murtaugh 3–1   NBC
1975 Cincinnati Reds Sparky Anderson Pittsburgh Pirates Danny Murtaugh 3–0   NBC
1976 Cincinnati Reds Sparky Anderson Philadelphia Phillies Danny Ozark 3–0   ABC
1977 Los Angeles Dodgers Tommy Lasorda Philadelphia Phillies Danny Ozark 3–1 Dusty Baker, Los Angeles NBC
1978 Los Angeles Dodgers Tommy Lasorda Philadelphia Phillies Danny Ozark 3–1 Steve Garvey, Los Angeles ABC
1979 Pittsburgh Pirates Chuck Tanner Cincinnati Reds John McNamara 3–0 Willie Stargell, Pittsburgh NBC
1980 Philadelphia Phillies Dallas Green Houston Astros Bill Virdon 3–2 Manny Trillo, Philadelphia ABC
1981 Los Angeles Dodgers Tommy Lasorda Montreal Expos Jim Fanning 3–2 Burt Hooton, Los Angeles NBC
1982 St. Louis Cardinals Whitey Herzog Atlanta Braves Joe Torre 3–0 Darrell Porter, St. Louis ABC
1983 Philadelphia Phillies Paul Owens Los Angeles Dodgers Tommy Lasorda 3–1 Gary Matthews, Philadelphia NBC
1984 San Diego Padres Dick Williams Chicago Cubs Jim Frey 3–2 Steve Garvey, San Diego ABC
1985 St. Louis Cardinals Whitey Herzog Los Angeles Dodgers Tommy Lasorda 4–2 Ozzie Smith, St. Louis NBC
1986 New York Mets Davey Johnson Houston Astros Hal Lanier 4–2 Mike Scott, Houston* ABC
1987 St. Louis Cardinals Whitey Herzog San Francisco Giants Roger Craig 4–3 Jeffrey Leonard, San Francisco* NBC
1988 Los Angeles Dodgers Tommy Lasorda New York Mets Davey Johnson 4–3 Orel Hershiser, Los Angeles ABC
1989 San Francisco Giants Roger Craig Chicago Cubs Don Zimmer 4–1 Will Clark, San Francisco NBC
1990 Cincinnati Reds Lou Piniella Pittsburgh Pirates Jim Leyland 4–2 Rob Dibble and Randy Myers, Cincinnati CBS
1991 Atlanta Braves Bobby Cox Pittsburgh Pirates Jim Leyland 4–3 Steve Avery, Atlanta CBS
1992 Atlanta Braves Bobby Cox Pittsburgh Pirates Jim Leyland 4–3 John Smoltz, Atlanta CBS
1993 Philadelphia Phillies Jim Fregosi Atlanta Braves Bobby Cox 4–2 Curt Schilling, Philadelphia CBS
1994 Series cancelled[3]
1995 Atlanta Braves Bobby Cox Cincinnati Reds Davey Johnson 4–0 Mike Devereaux, Atlanta ABC/NBC
1996 Atlanta Braves Bobby Cox St. Louis Cardinals Tony La Russa 4–3 Javy López, Atlanta Fox
1997 Florida Marlins wc Jim Leyland Atlanta Braves Bobby Cox 4–2 Liván Hernández, Florida NBC
1998 San Diego Padres Bruce Bochy Atlanta Braves Bobby Cox 4–2 Sterling Hitchcock, San Diego Fox
1999 Atlanta Braves Bobby Cox New York Mets wc Bobby Valentine 4–2 Eddie Pérez, Atlanta NBC
2000 New York Mets wc Bobby Valentine St. Louis Cardinals Tony La Russa 4–1 Mike Hampton, New York Fox
2001 Arizona Diamondbacks Bob Brenly Atlanta Braves Bobby Cox 4–1 Craig Counsell, Arizona Fox
2002 San Francisco Giants wc Dusty Baker St. Louis Cardinals Tony La Russa 4–1 Benito Santiago, San Francisco Fox
2003 Florida Marlins wc Jack McKeon Chicago Cubs Dusty Baker 4–3 Iván Rodríguez, Florida Fox
2004 St. Louis Cardinals Tony La Russa Houston Astros wc Phil Garner 4–3 Albert Pujols, St. Louis Fox
2005 Houston Astros wc Phil Garner St. Louis Cardinals Tony La Russa 4–2 Roy Oswalt, Houston Fox
2006 St. Louis Cardinals Tony La Russa New York Mets Willie Randolph 4–3 Jeff Suppan, St. Louis Fox
2007 Colorado Rockies wc Clint Hurdle Arizona Diamondbacks Bob Melvin 4–0 Matt Holliday, Colorado TBS
2008 Philadelphia Phillies Charlie Manuel Los Angeles Dodgers Joe Torre 4–1 Cole Hamels, Philadelphia Fox
2009 Philadelphia Phillies Charlie Manuel Los Angeles Dodgers Joe Torre 4–1 Ryan Howard, Philadelphia TBS
2010 San Francisco Giants Bruce Bochy Philadelphia Phillies Charlie Manuel 4–2 Cody Ross, San Francisco Fox
2011 St. Louis Cardinals wc Tony La Russa Milwaukee Brewers Ron Roenicke 4–2 David Freese, St. Louis TBS
2012 San Francisco Giants Bruce Bochy St. Louis Cardinals wc Mike Matheny 4–3 Marco Scutaro, San Francisco Fox
2013 St. Louis Cardinals Mike Matheny Los Angeles Dodgers Don Mattingly 4–2 Michael Wacha, St. Louis TBS
2014 San Francisco Giantswc Bruce Bochy St. Louis Cardinals Mike Matheny 4–1 Madison Bumgarner, San Francisco Fox/FS1
2015 New York Mets Terry Collins Chicago Cubswc Joe Maddon 4–0 Daniel Murphy, New York TBS
2016 Chicago Cubs Joe Maddon Los Angeles Dodgers Dave Roberts 4–2 Javier Báez and Jon Lester, Chicago FS1
2017 Los Angeles Dodgers Dave Roberts Chicago Cubs Joe Maddon 4–1 Chris Taylor and Justin Turner, Los Angeles TBS

NLCS appearances by team

Series
appearances
Team Wins Losses Win % Most recent
win
Most recent
appearance
Games
won
Games
lost
Game
win %
Most recent
game win
13 St. Louis Cardinals 7 6 .538 2013 2014 38 39 .494 2014
12 Los Angeles Dodgers 6 6 .500 2017 2017 29 32 .475 2017
11 Atlanta Braves 5 6 .455 1999 2001 27 33 .450 2001
9 Philadelphia Phillies 5 4 .556 2009 2010 22 20 .524 2010
9 Pittsburgh Pirates 2 7 .222 1979 1992 17 25 .405 1992
8 Cincinnati Reds 5 3 .625 1990 1995 18 14 .563 1990
8 New York Mets 5 3 .625 2015 2015 26 17 .605 2015
7 San Francisco Giants 5 2 .714 2014 2014 24 15 .615 2014
6 Chicago Cubs 1 5 .167 2016 2017 11 21 .344 2017
4 Houston Astros 1 3 .250 2005 2005 11 13 .458 2005
2 Miami Marlins 2 0 1.000 2003 2003 8 5 .615 2003
2 San Diego Padres 2 0 1.000 1998 1998 7 4 .636 1998
2 Arizona Diamondbacks 1 1 .500 2001 2007 4 5 .444 2001
1 Colorado Rockies 1 0 1.000 2007 2007 4 0 1.000 2007
1 Milwaukee Brewers 0 1 .000 - 2011 2 4 .333 2011
1 Montreal Expos 0 1 .000 - 1981 2 3 .400 1981

Frequent matchups

Count Matchup Record Years
5 Cincinnati Reds vs. Pittsburgh Pirates Reds, 4–1 1970, 1972, 1975, 1979, 1990
5 Los Angeles Dodgers vs. Philadelphia Phillies Phillies, 3–2 1977, 1978, 1983, 2008, 2009
4 San Francisco Giants vs. St. Louis Cardinals Giants, 3–1 1987, 2002, 2012, 2014
2 Atlanta Braves vs. New York Mets Tied, 1–1 1969, 1999
2 Atlanta Braves vs. St. Louis Cardinals Tied, 1–1 1982, 1996
2 Atlanta Braves vs. Pittsburgh Pirates Braves, 2–0 1991, 1992
2 Houston Astros vs. St. Louis Cardinals Tied, 1–1 2004, 2005
2 New York Mets vs. St. Louis Cardinals Tied, 1–1 2000, 2006
2 Los Angeles Dodgers vs. St. Louis Cardinals Cardinals, 2–0 1985, 2013
2 Chicago Cubs vs. Los Angeles Dodgers Tied, 1–1 2016, 2017

See also

References

  1. ^ "'Fantastic feeling' for Bill Giles,". The Philadelphia Inquirer. Oct 16, 2008. Retrieved August 17, 2009. 
  2. ^ League Championship Series Most Valuable Players (MLB.com/News/Awards/History/ ). MLB Advanced Media, L.P. Retrieved August 31, 2009.
  3. ^ "Baseball-Reference Playoff and World Series Index". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference. Retrieved November 5, 2009. 
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