National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery

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Coordinates: 51°31′20″N 0°7′19″W / 51.52222°N 0.12194°W / 51.52222; -0.12194

National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery
University College London Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust
NHNN and ION.jpg
National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery main entrance and Institute of Neurology, Queen Square, London.
Location London, United Kingdom
Care system NHS
Hospital type Specialist, Teaching
Affiliated university University College London
Emergency department No
Beds 244
Founded 1859

The National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery (informally the NHNN, The National or Queen Square) is a neurological hospital in London, United Kingdom and part of the University College London Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust. It was the first hospital to be established in England dedicated exclusively to treating the diseases of the nervous system.

It is closely associated with University College London (UCL) and in partnership with the UCL Institute of Neurology, which occupies the same site, is a major centre for neuroscience research.[1] It supports the Sir William Gowers Epilepsy Assessment Unit at the National Society for Epilepsy Centre at Chalfont St Peter, Buckinghamshire. The NHNN also runs The National Brain Appeal, a charity dedicated to supporting the Hospital for the funding of equipment, buildings and research.

The hospital is located on Queen Square in the Bloomsbury area of Central London.


The hospital was founded in 1859 by Johanna Chandler and originally called the National Hospital for Diseases of the Nervous System including Paralysis and Epilepsy and later the National Hospital for Nervous Diseases.[2] The current name, National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery, came into use in 1988. It was merged in 1948 with the Maida Vale Hospital for Nervous Diseases (originally called The London Infirmary for Epilepsy and Paralysis), which in turn owed its foundation in 1866 to a German, Julius Althaus.[3] Great neurologists of the time worked at The National, including John Hughlings Jackson, David Ferrier, MacDonald Critchley, Charles-Édouard Brown-Séquard, William Allen Sturge (discoverer of the Sturge-Weber syndrome), Sir Roger Bannister and many others.

The hospital became part of University College London Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust in 1996.


The hospital includes 244 in-patient beds, and has 9 operating theatres (including 2 Angiography Theatres and IMRI and additional new 2 Theatres). The neurology wards are named John Young and David Ferrier; the neurosurgical wards are named Victor Horsley, Bernard Sunley and Lady Ann Allerton. Nuffield ward accommodates private medical and surgical inpatients. There are neurological and neurosurgical intensive care units referred to as MITU and SITU respectively. The two inpatient rehabilitation units are the Albany Rehabilitation Unit (ARU) and Neurorehabilitation Unit (NRU). The main outpatient department is named in memory of Basil Samuels. [4]

See also


  1. ^ "Britain's best hospitals: A patients' guide". The Independent. 20 March 2008. Retrieved 18 November 2012. 
  2. ^ "National Hospital for Nervous Diseases". UCL Bloomsbury Project. Retrieved 2 January 2012. 
  3. ^  Lee, Sidney, ed. (1901). "Althaus, Julius". Dictionary of National Biography, 1901 supplement​. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 
  4. ^ UCL NHNN Brochure (Accessed 8 April 2011)

External links

  • The National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery
  • Queen Square Archives, an extensive online collection of historical documents relating to NHNN and the Institute of Neurology
  • UCL Institute of Neurology
  • University College London Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust
  • UCL School of Life & Medical Sciences
  • University College London
  • UCL Partners
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