National Guard (Iraq)

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National Guard
الحرس الوطني
Active 2003 - December 2004
Country  Iraq
Allegiance CPA/IGC
(until June 2004)
Iraqi Interim Government
(from June 2004)
Type Infantry
Role Counter-Insurgency
Size 40,000
(December 2004)
Patron  United States
Engagements Post-invasion Insurgency
Iraqi National Guard troops with a PK machine gun mounted on a Ford Ranger

The Iraqi National Guard (NG; Arabic: الحرس الوطني, al-Ḥaras al-Waṭanī‎) was part of the new Military of Iraq but has since been absorbed by the Iraqi Army controlled by the interim government. Following the 2003 invasion of Iraq, United States Coalition Provisional Authority Chief Paul Bremer disbanded the military apparatus of Iraq as existed under Saddam Hussein. As the security situation in occupied Iraq deteriorated and the Iraqi insurgency became increasingly active, the U.S. set up, recruited and trained the new security force in order to combat the insurgency. Despite attacks by insurgent and terrorist groups, the Iraqi National Guard was able to recruit many Iraqis from the vast ranks of the unemployed. The force has been used to assist Coalition troops in combatting the insurgency. However, there have been several instances where they have refused to take military action against fellow Iraqis, such as in Fallujah, deserted, or allegedly aided the resistance.

In September 2004, a senior member, General Talib al-Lahibi was arrested on suspicion of having links with insurgent groups.[1] In December 2004, it was announced that the Iraqi National Guard would be dissolved.[2] At this time its strength was officially over 40,000 men.

New National Guard

In 2016 the Iraqi parliament approved a draft law [3] to recreate a National Guard. The draft law has raised disputes between political parties, and parliament has not yet set a date to take further action. Supporters believe the proposal eventually will be approved. [4][5]

References

  1. ^ "Middle East | US arrests senior Iraqi commander". BBC News. 2004-09-26. Retrieved 2012-05-25. 
  2. ^ "Middle East | Iraq to dissolve National Guard". BBC News. 2004-12-29. Retrieved 2012-05-25. 
  3. ^ http://www.sotkurdistan.net/index.php?option=com_k2&view=item&id=43679:%D9%86%D8%B5-%D9%82%D8%A7%D9%86%D9%88%D9%86-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%AD%D8%B1%D8%B3-%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%88%D8%B7%D9%86%D9%8A-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B9%D8%B1%D8%A7%D9%82%D9%8A&Itemid=211
  4. ^ http://www.al-monitor.com/pulse/originals/2016/01/iraq-sunnis-join-shiite-popular-mobilization-forces.html#ixzz4UzEnBklK.
  5. ^ http://www.alhurra.com/a/iraq-national-guards/280316.html Arabic only
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