National Film Award for Best Direction

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National Film Award for Best Direction
Awarded for Excellence in cinematic direction achievement
Sponsored by Directorate of Film Festivals
Formerly called Award for excellence in direction (1967–1976)
Reward(s)
  • Swarna Kamal (Golden Lotus)
  • 2,50,000
First awarded 1967
Last awarded 2017
Most recent winner Jayaraj
Highlights
Total awarded 52
First winner Satyajit Ray

The National Film Award for Best Direction is an honour presented annually at India's National Film Awards ceremony by the Directorate of Film Festivals (DFF), an organisation set up by the Indian Ministry of Information and Broadcasting.[1] Since 1967, the award is given by a national panel appointed annually by the DFF to a director for their work within Indian cinema.[1] It is presented by the President of India at a ceremony held in New Delhi.[1][2]

The winner is given a "Swarna Kamal" (Golden Lotus) certificate and a cash prize of 2.5 lakh (US$3,500).[a][7] Including ties and repeat winners, the DFF has presented a total of 52 Best Direction awards to 33 different directors. Although Indian cinema produces films in more than 20 languages,[1] the performances of films that have won awards are of nine languages: Bengali, English, Hindi, Kannada, Marathi, Malayalam, Assamese, Tamil and Punjabi.

The first recipient was Satyajit Ray, who was honoured at the 15th National Film Awards for directing the Bengali film Chiriyakhana (1967).[8] As of 2017, Ray and Adoor Gopalakrishnan are the most frequent recipients, with six and five wins respectively.[9] Gopalakrishnan won the award for his debut Malayalam film Swayamvaram (1972).[10] Mrinal Sen has been awarded four times. He is also the only recipient to win the award for directing films in two different languages: Bengali and Hindi.[11] At the 19th National Film Awards, Girish Karnad and B.V. Karanth shared the award for co-directing the Kannada film Vamsha Vriksha (1972).[12] The most recent recipient is Jayaraj, who was honoured at the 65th National Film Awards for directing the Malayalam film Bhayanakam (2018).

Winners

A painting of Ray
Satyajit Ray is the most frequent recipient with six wins.
An image of Adoor Gopalakrishnan
Adoor Gopalakrishnan has received the honour five times.
An image of Mrinal Sen
Mrinal Sen has been awarded four times.
an image of Aparna Sen
Aparna Sen is the only woman director honored by this award.
List of award recipients, showing the year, film and language
Year[b] Recipient Film Language Ref
1967
(15th)
Satyajit Ray Chiriyakhana Bengali [13]
1968
(16th)
Satyajit Ray Goopy Gyne Bagha Byne Bengali [14]
1969
(17th)
Mrinal Sen Bhuvan Shome Hindi [15]
1970
(18th)
Satyajit Ray Pratidwandi Bengali [16]
1971
(19th)
B. V. Karanth Vamsha Vriksha Kannada [17]
Girish Karnad
1972
(20th)
Adoor Gopalakrishnan Swayamvaram Malayalam [18]
1973
(21st)
Mani Kaul Duvidha Hindi [19]
1974
(22nd)
Satyajit Ray Sonar Kella Bengali [20]
1975
(23rd)
Satyajit Ray Jana Aranya Bengali [21]
1976
(24th)
P. Lankesh Pallavi Kannada [22]
1977
(25th)
G. Aravindan Kanchana Sita Malayalam [23]
1978
(26th)
G. Aravindan Thampu Malayalam [24]
1979
(27th)
Mrinal Sen Ek Din Pratidin Bengali [25]
1980
(28th)
Mrinal Sen Akaler Shandhaney Bengali [26]
1981
(29th)
Aparna Sen 36 Chowringhee Lane English [27]
1982
(30th)
Utpalendu Chakrabarty Chokh Bengali [28]
1983
(31st)
Mrinal Sen Khandhar Hindi [29]
1984
(32nd)
Adoor Gopalakrishnan Mukhamukham Malayalam [30]
1985
(33rd)
Shyam Benegal Trikal Hindi [31]
1986
(34th)
G. Aravindan Oridathu Malayalam [32]
1987
(35th)
Adoor Gopalakrishnan Anantaram Malayalam [33]
1988
(36th)
Shaji N. Karun Piravi Malayalam [34]
1989
(37th)
Adoor Gopalakrishnan Mathilukal Malayalam [35]
1990
(38th)
Tapan Sinha Ek Doctor Ki Maut Hindi [36]
1991
(39th)
Satyajit Ray Agantuk Bengali [37]
1992
(40th)
Goutom Ghosh Padma Nadir Majhi Bengali [38]
1993
(41st)
T. V. Chandran Ponthan Mada Malayalam [39]
1994
(42nd)
Jahnu Barua Xagoroloi Bohudoor Assamese [40]
1995
(43rd)
Saeed Akhtar Mirza Naseem Hindi [41]
1996
(44th)
Agathiyan Kadhal Kottai Tamil [42]
1997
(45th)
Jayaraj Kaliyattam Malayalam [43]
1998
(46th)
Rajeevnath Janani Malayalam [44]
1999
(47th)
Buddhadeb Dasgupta Uttara Bengali [45]
2000
(48th)
Rituparno Ghosh Utsab Bengali [46]
2001
(49th)
B. Lenin Ooruku Nooruper Tamil [47]
2002
(50th)
Aparna Sen Mr. and Mrs. Iyer English [48]
2003
(51st)
Goutom Ghosh Abar Aranye Bengali [49]
2004
(52nd)
Buddhadeb Dasgupta Swapner Din Bengali [50]
2005
(53rd)
Rahul Dholakia Parzania English [51]
2006
(54th)
Madhur Bhandarkar Traffic Signal Hindi [52]
2007
(55th)
Adoor Gopalakrishnan Naalu Pennungal Malayalam [53]
2008
(56th)
Bala Naan Kadavul Tamil [54]
2009
(57th)
Rituparno Ghosh Abohoman Bengali [55]
2010
(58th)
Vetrimaaran Aadukalam Tamil [56]
2011
(59th)
Gurvinder Singh Anhe Ghore Da Daan Punjabi [57]
2012
(60th)
Shivaji Lotan Patil Dhag Marathi [58]
2013
(61st)
Hansal Mehta Shahid Hindi [59]
2014
(62nd)
Srijit Mukherji Chotushkone Bengali [60]
2015
(63rd)
Sanjay Leela Bhansali Bajirao Mastani Hindi [61]
2016
(64th)
Rajesh Mapuskar Ventilator Marathi [62]
2017
(65th)
Jayaraj Bhayanakam Malayalam [63]

Footnotes

  1. ^ Before the 54th National Film Awards (2006), the cash prize was 50,000 (US$700),[3] 25,000 (US$350) during the 35th National Film Awards,[4] 20,000 (US$280) from 21st National Film Awards until 34th[5] and 20,000 (US$280) from 1967 to 1972.[6]
  2. ^ Denotes the year in which the film was censored by the Central Board of Film Certification.

References

  1. ^ a b c d "About National Film Awards". Directorate of Film Festivals. Archived from the original on 25 October 2011. Retrieved 4 July 2013.
  2. ^ "National Awards 2015, as it happened: Winners, wishes and morel". India Today. 3 May 2015. Archived from the original on 23 May 2015. Retrieved 21 May 2015.
  3. ^ "53rd National Film Awards – 2006" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. 2006. Archived from the original on 29 October 2013.
  4. ^ "35th National Film Awards". International Film Festival of India. Archived from the original on 14 July 2016. Retrieved 9 January 2012.
  5. ^ "21st National Film Awards". International Film Festival of India. Archived from the original on 1 November 2013. Retrieved 29 September 2011.
  6. ^ "15th National Film Awards". International Film Festival of India. Archived from the original on 20 October 2012. Retrieved 21 September 2011.
  7. ^ "62nd National Film Awards, 2014 announced". Press Information Bureau. 24 March 2015. Archived from the original on 15 August 2017. Retrieved 12 March 2018.
  8. ^ "Rays Chiriyakhana to be remade by Anjan Dutta". India Today. 11 December 2015. Archived from the original on 12 March 2018. Retrieved 12 March 2018.
  9. ^ "Fun Facts about the National Awards". Rediff.com. 7 April 2015. Archived from the original on 12 March 2018. Retrieved 12 March 2018.
  10. ^ "Adoor Gopalakrishnan wins JC Daniel award for contribution to Malayalam cinema". The Asian Age. 23 May 2017. Archived from the original on 12 March 2018. Retrieved 12 March 2018.
  11. ^ "Hoax of Mrinal Sen's Death Goes Viral on Twitter". Outlook. 30 June 2016. Archived from the original on 26 March 2017. Retrieved 12 March 2018.
  12. ^ PS, Krishna (13 November 2015). "Girish Karnad, another intellectual to receive death threat". Business Standard. Archived from the original on 2 September 2017. Retrieved 12 March 2018.
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  14. ^ "16th National Film Awards" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. p. 2. Archived from the original on 17 May 2015. Retrieved 22 September 2011.
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  33. ^ "35th National Film Awards" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. pp. 12–13. Archived from the original on 22 March 2012. Retrieved 9 January 2012.
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  39. ^ "41st National Film Awards" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. pp. 12–13. Archived from the original on 7 November 2017. Retrieved 3 March 2012.
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  43. ^ "45th National Film Awards" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. pp. 6–7. Archived from the original on 7 November 2017. Retrieved 11 March 2012.
  44. ^ "46th National Film Awards" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. pp. 6–7. Archived from the original on 7 November 2017. Retrieved 12 March 2012.
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  56. ^ "58th National Film Awards" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. Archived from the original on 8 July 2011. Retrieved 29 March 2012.
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External links

  • Official Page for Directorate of Film Festivals, India

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