National Defence Commission

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National Defence Commission of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea
조선민주주의인민공화국 국방위원회
Emblem of North Korea.svg
Commission overview
Formed 1972
Dissolved 2016
Superseding agency
Jurisdiction Government of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea
Commission executives
  • Kim Jong-un, First Chairman
  • Hwang Pyong-so, Vice Chairman
  • Ri Yong-mu, Vice Chairman
  • O Kuk-ryol, Vice Chairman
DPRK National Defence Commission
Chosŏn'gŭl 조선민주주의인민공화국 국방위원회
Hancha 朝鮮民主主義人民共和國國防委員會
Revised Romanization Joseon minjujuui inmin gonghwaguk gukbang wiwonhoe
McCune–Reischauer Chosŏn minjujuŭi inmin konghwaguk kukpang wiwŏnhoe

The National Defence Commission of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (NDC) (Chosŏn'gŭl조선민주주의인민공화국 국방위원회) was the highest state institution for military and national defence leadership in North Korea, which also served as the highest governing institution of the country from 1998 until 2016 when it was replaced by the State Affairs Commission.

History

The National Defence Commission started as the National Defence Commission of the Central People's Committee of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (Chosŏn'gŭl조선민주주의인민공화국 중앙인민위원회 국방위원회) which was created on 27 December 1972 by the 1972 Constitution as one of the commissions that were subordinate to the Central People's Committee.

The commission was separated from the Central People's Committee on 9 April 1992 through an amendment of the 1972 Constitution, and became the National Defence Commission of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea. It was also designated as the "supreme military leadership institution of state power."

The National Defence Commission became the highest governing institution in North Korea on 5 September 1998 through an amendment of the 1972 Constitution that abolished the office of President of North Korea. It was designated as the "supreme military leadership and overall national defence management institution of state power." Since an amendment of the 1972 Constitution on 9 April 2009, the National Defence Commission was designated as the "supreme national defence leadership institution of state power."

The National Defence Commission continued to be the highest leadership body in North Korea until 29 June 2016 when an amendment to the 1972 Constitution created the State Affairs Commission of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (Chosŏn'gŭl조선민주주의인민공화국 국무위원회), which was designated as the new highest leadership body in the country, with the National Defence Commission being disbanded to be convened only during times of war.

Functions

The 1972 Constitution mandated the National Defence Commission to be one of the commissions that are subordinate to the Central People's Committee in order to assist it in its work.

The 1992 amendment to the 1972 Constitution separated the National Defence Commission from the Central People's Committee and was designated the following functions as the "supreme military leadership institution of state power":

  • Guide the overall armed forces and defense-building work of the State
  • Appoint or dismiss key military officials
  • Institute military ranks and promote officers above the general-grade officer rank
  • Proclaim a state of emergency and mobilization order
  • Issue decisions and orders

The 1998 amendment to the 1972 Constitution made the National Defence Commission as the highest governing institution in North Korea and was designated the following functions as the "supreme military leadership and overall national defence management institution of state power":

  • Direct the whole armed forces and defence upbuilding of the State
  • Establish or abolish central bodies in the field of national defence
  • Appoint or remove important military cadres
  • Enact military ranks and confer military ranks higher than a general
  • Proclaim a state of war and mobilization order in the country
  • Issue orders and decisions

The 2009 amendment to the 1972 Constitution relegated the National Defence Commission to a supervisory role as certain powers were introduced for the chairman of the National Defence Commission. The following functions were mandated for the National Defence Commission as the "supreme national defence leadership institution of state power":

  • Establish important policies of the state for carrying out the military-first revolutionary line
  • Guide the overall armed forces and defense-building work of the state
  • Supervise the status of executing the orders of the chairman of the National Defence Commission of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea and the decisions and directives of the National Defence Commission, and establish relevant measures
  • Rescind the decisions and directives of state organs that run counter to the orders of the chairman of the National Defence Commission of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea and to the decisions and directives of the National Defence Commission
  • Establish or abolish central organs of the national defense sector
  • Institute military titles and confer military titles above the general grade officer rank
  • Issue decisions and directives

The National Defence Commission is responsible to the Supreme People's Assembly.

As a defense issues guider and coordinator, the security organizations in North Korea are subordinate to the Commission and among them are the Korean People's Army, the Ministry of People's Armed Forces and the Ministry of State Security and the Ministry of People's Security.

Organization

From 1972 until 2012, the National Defence Commission consisted of a chairman, first vice chairman, vice chairmen and members.

The Chairman of the National Defence Commission was the head of the commission, and was the de facto highest official in North Korea from 1998 until 2009 and the de jure supreme leader of North Korea from 2009 until 2012. The chairman of the National Defence Commission also served as the supreme commander of the Korean People's Army. From 1972 until 1992, the President was the ex officio chairman of the National Defence Commission. Since 1992, the chairman of the National Defence Commission was no longer required to be the President and was elected by the Supreme People's Assembly.

The first vice chairman, the vice chairmen and the members of the National Defence Commission were elected by the Supreme People's Assembly based on the proposal of the President from 1972 until 1992, and by the chairman of the National Defence Commission from 1992 until 2012.

In 2012, the position of chairman of the National Defence Commission was replaced by the First Chairman of the National Defence Commission following an amendment to the 1972 Constitution that enshrined Kim Jong-il as eternal chairman of the National Defence Commission after his death in 2011. The same amendment also mandated that the National Defence Commission also consisted of vice chairmen and members, which were elected by the Supreme People's Assembly based on the proposal of the first chairman of the National Defence Commission.

Among the departments that are known in the NDC were:[1]

  • Administration Department
  • Foreign Affairs Department
  • Reconnaissance General Bureau
  • Policy Department

Security agencies and organizations that subordinated to the Commission:

Composition of the DPRK NDC as of 8 September 2015

These were the members of the DPRK NDC after Pak Yong-sik was appointed Minister of the People's Armed Forces on July 11[2] after Hyon Yong-chol was executed on May 12 of 2015[3] ending a 2-month-long vacancy in the post.

See also

References

  1. ^ CORI Country ReportDemocratic People’s Republic of Korea, October 2012, p. 13
  2. ^ "Gen. Pak Yong Sik confirmed as new North Korea defense minister". UPI. Retrieved 2017-01-14.
  3. ^ "North Korea executes defence chief with an anti-aircraft gun: South Korea agency". Reuters. 2017-05-13. Retrieved 2017-01-14.
  • Kirby, Michael Donald; Biserko, Sonja; Darusman, Marzuki (7 February 2014). "Report of the detailed findings of the commission of inquiry on human rights in the Democratic People's Republic of Korea - A/HRC/25/CRP.1". Archived from the original on Feb 27, 2014.

Further reading

  • Robbers, Gerhard (2007). "North Korea: The National Defense Commission". Encyclopedia of world constitutions. Infobase Publishing. p. 490. ISBN 978-0-8160-6078-8.
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