National Day of the People's Republic of China

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National Day of the People's Republic of China
National Day decorations - Beihai Park.JPG
Beihai Park in 2004
Observed by All of the People's Republic of China including Hong Kong and Macau
Type Historical, cultural, nationalist
Celebrations festivities, including fireworks and concerts
Begins October 1
Ends October 3 (official)
Another four days are added to the official 3-day holiday, normally in lieu of the two weekend breaks around October 1, making it practically a public holiday comprising seven consecutive days (黄金周/Huángjīnzhōu, "Golden Week"), with specifics regulated by the State Council[1]
Date October 1
Next time 1 October 2018 (2018-10-01)
Frequency annual
National Day of the People's Republic of China
Traditional Chinese 國慶節
Simplified Chinese 国庆节
Tiananmen Square, 2006 National Day of the PRC. The placard reads "Warmly celebrate the 57th anniversary of the founding of the People's Republic of China". The portrait is that of Sun Yat-sen.[2]

The National Day of the People's Republic of China is a public holiday in the People's Republic of China to celebrate the national day, and is celebrated annually on October 1.[3]

The PRC was founded on September 21, 1949, with a ceremony celebrating the forming of the Central People's Government taking place in Tiananmen Square on October 1 that year.[4] The Central People's Government passed the Resolution on the National Day of the People's Republic of China on December 2, 1949, and declared that October 1 is the National Day.[5]

The National Day marks the start of only one of the Golden Weeks in the PRC. However, there have been some recent controversies over whether Golden Weeks should be kept.

The National Day is celebrated throughout mainland China, Hong Kong, and Macau with a variety of government-organized festivities, including fireworks and concerts. Public places, such as Tiananmen Square in Beijing, are decorated in a festive theme. Portraits of revered leaders, such as Mao Zedong, are publicly displayed.[6]


See also


  1. ^ 黄金周/Huángjīnzhōu, "Golden Week"
  2. ^ China at 60: Nostalgia and progress | Fu Ying | Comment is free. The Guardian (2008-07-16). Retrieved on 2011-04-30.
  3. ^ Flag-raising ceremony held for China's National Day celebration_English_Xinhua. (2009-10-01). Retrieved on 2011-04-30.
  4. ^ "China National Day: October 1st, Golden Week". 
  5. ^ National Day celebrated across China _English_Xinhua. (2009-10-01). Retrieved on 2011-04-30.
  6. ^ Fri, Oct 02, 2009 – China celebrates with elaborate display of power and ideology. The Irish Times (2009-10-10). Retrieved on 2011-04-30.

External links

  • US-China Institute: 60 years of celebrating the creation of the people's republic
  • images of the 2009 celebration
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