National Civil Police of El Salvador

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

The Policía Nacional Civil is the national police of El Salvador.

History

In the early days of the Republic of El Salvador, the Civil Guard was created in 1867, which then gave way to the National Guard in 1912.

At the end of the Salvadoran Civil War law enforcement bodies in El Salvador included the National Police (Policia Nacional), the Treasury Police, and the National Guard. All were part of the Armed Forces of El Salvador. According to the Commission on the Truth for El Salvador, these police agencies perpetrated many human rights abuses during the civil war. Establishing civilian control of law enforcement agencies was a central tenet of the peace accords which ended the war only after the government and the guerrillas agreed to create a new National Civil Police, incorporating both former police and ex-insurgents as well as a large proportion of previous non-combatants into its ranks. The office of U.S. Senate Majority Whip Alan Cranston (D-California) played a key role in brokering that final agreement, which included the U.S. Department of Justice taking the lead among international actors in establishing the new force.[1][2][3]

As part of the peace process, the National Guard and the Treasury Police were supposed to be abolished immediately. It took some time, but eventually was accomplished.[4]

According to El Salvador's current constitution, the National Civil Police (Policia Nacional Civil, also known as PNC) is the only force in charge of keeping order, security and public tranquility in the country, with different functions from the army.

Christian evangelical born again believers numbers are increasing having even high rank officials among their members. There is an evangelical Christian ministry called Christian Police Ministry, their members do street preaching on the streets.[citation needed]

Weapons

Name Type Quantity Origin Notes
P227 Handgun  Germany All its variants. Used By soldiers and special forces.
P226 Handgun  Germany All it's variants including the Sig Sauer X Six SIG P226 X Six. Used By soldiers and special forces.
M9[5] Handgun  United States
CZ 75[5] Handgun  Czech Republic
92SB[5] Handgun  Italy
SW1911 Handgun  United States
IWI 941[5] Handgun  Israel
FN P35[5] Handgun  Belgium
MP5[5] Sub-machine gun  Germany MP5SD3, MP5A3, MP5A2, MP5, MP5A1, MP5K and Heckler & Koch MP5K-PDW.
40S&W SAF[5] Sub-machine gun  Chile
HK33[5] Assault rifle  Germany Including HK53 variant
M4 Assault rifle  United States M4 Carbine, Colt M4A1, Colt M4, Colt M4 (original 1993 version), M4 (Colt Model 933), Colt M4 (M16A2 sights burst and full auto)
T65[5] Assault rifle  Taiwan
M16[5] Assault rifle  United States XM16E1, M16A1, M16A2, M16A3, M16A4, M16A1 with A2 handguards. M16A2 (Model 711, Model 715 and Model 720 (Burst fire/single fire)). Some M16A1's have M16A2's brass defectors, XM16E1. M16A2 (Model 645).
IMI Galil[5] Assault rifle  Israel Galil AR, Galil SAR, Galil SAR339, Micro Galil
Galil ACE Assault rifle  Colombia ACE 21, ACE 22, ACE 23 (5.56×45mm NATO), ACE 32 (7.62×39mm), ACE 52, ACE 53 (7.62×51mm NATO).
AK-47 Assault rifle  Russia Used Since 2014.
AKM Assault rifle  Russia Used Since 2014.
CAR-15 [5] Carbine Rifle  United States Colt Model 933, XM177, GAU-5/A (Colt Model 610), XM177E1 (Colt Model 609), XM177E2 (Colt Model 629), Colt Model 653 (M16A1 Carbine), Colt Model 653 (M16A1 Carbine), Colt Model 654 (M16A1 Carbine), Colt Model 727 (M16A2 carbine), Colt Model 733 (M16A2 Commando). M16A2 SMG Model 635.
MPi-KM Assault rifle  East Germany Used since 2014.
Pistol Mitralieră model 1963/1965 Assault rifle  Romania Recovered from Gang members.
AK-63 Assault rifle  Hungary Used Since 2014.
SIG Sauer SSG 3000 Sniper rifle  Germany Used by Police Reaction Group (PRG) and now by the recently activated
SIG M400[5] Assault Rifle  Germany In February of 2018, the director of the National Civil Police of El Salvador, Howard Cotto, announced the creation of the Specialized Police Tactical Unit (UTEP), which merges the Specialized Reaction Force El Salvador (FES) and the Group of Special Police Operations (GOPES). The UTEP replaces the Police Reaction Group, whose official dissolution was announced this afternoon. The last commander of this unit was Julio César Flores Castro, under whose direction the disappearance of the police Carla Ayala occurred.
SR-556 Carbine  United States

Historical secret police organizations

Organización Democrática Nacionalista (ORDEN) (Nationalist Democratic Organization)

Frente Democrático Nacionalista (FDN) (Nationalist Democratic Front)

Academy

The main law enforcement training facility of El Salvador is the National Academy of Public Security (Academia Nacional de Seguridad Publica), (ASNP), where trainees have to complete a course to become officers.

See also

References

  1. ^ El Salvador: efforts to satisfy national civilian police equipment needs : report to the Honorable Alan Cranston, U.S. Senate, General Accounting Office, 1992
  2. ^ "AID TO EL SALVADOR : Slow Progress in Developing a National Civilian Police" (PDF). Archive.geo.gov. Retrieved 16 October 2017. 
  3. ^ "U.S. SECURITY (Senate - March 05, 1992)". Fas.org. p. S2874. Retrieved 16 October 2017. 
  4. ^ Mary Katayanagi, Human rights functions of United Nations peacekeeping operations, p. 77
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m "Latin American Light Weapons National Inventories". Fas.org. Retrieved 2014-08-26. 
Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=National_Civil_Police_of_El_Salvador&oldid=850863506"
This content was retrieved from Wikipedia : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_Civil_Police_of_El_Salvador
This page is based on the copyrighted Wikipedia article "National Civil Police of El Salvador"; it is used under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY-SA). You may redistribute it, verbatim or modified, providing that you comply with the terms of the CC-BY-SA