Nat Bhairav

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Nat Bhairav
Thaat Bhairav
Type Sampurna
Time of day Morning, 6–9
Arohana Sa Re Ga Ma Pa Dha Ni Sa'
Avarohana Sa' Ni Dha Pa Ma Ga Re Sa
Pakad
  • Sa-Re-Ga-ma-Dha Pa
  • Ga-Ma-Re-Sa
  • 'Ni-'Dha-Sa
Vadi Pa
Samavadi Sa
Equivalent Sarasangi

Nat Bhairav (Hindi: नट भैरव) (Urdu: نٹ بَھیرَو ‎) is a Hindustani classical heptatonic (Sampurna) raga of Bhairav Thaat. Traditionally it is a morning raga. It is one of the most important ragas of the Bhairav anga.

Sarasangi in Carnatic music has the same scale as the Nat Bhairav in Hindustani music.

Theory

Writing about the musical theory of Hindustani music is fraught with complications. Firstly, there have been no set, formal methods of written notation. Secondly, Hindustani music is an aural tradition, and therefore writing is not an essential part of learning. However, Nat Bhairav is a morning raga. The raga reflects the mood of slight pathos with heroic exuberance.

Arohana and Avarohana

Arohana

 Sa, Re, Ga, Ma, Pa, Komal Dha, Ni, Sa'
 C,  D,  E,  F,  G,      A♭,    B,  C'

Avarohana

 Sa', Ni, Komal Dha, Pa, Ma, Ga, Re, Sa
 C',  B,      A♭,    G,  F,  E,  D,  C

Pakad or Chalan

Komal Dha-Ni-Sa

Sa-Re-Sa

Sa-Re-Ga-Ma-Komal Dha-Pa, Ga-Ma-Re-Sa, Re-'Ni-'Komal Dha-Sa

Organization and relationships

Related ragas:

Behaviour

As the name suggests, this raga is a combination of Nat and Bhairav (Shah [Bhairav ke Prakar] 1991: 255). It is regarded as one of the varieties of Bhairav. The lower tetra chord has the notes of Nat whereas in the upper tetra chord Bhairav is evident. Therefore, except Komal Dha, all the other notes are natural. The raga comes across as a musical entity with heroic exuberance, along with a slight feeling of pathos.

Samay (Time)

Nat Bhairav is an early morning raga. This raga has a distinct character although at times imbued with impressions of Bhairav.

Seasonality

Nat Bhairav is one of few ragas that can be sung in any season.

Rasa

Nat Bhairav is typically performed with a musical entity with heroic exuberance, along with a slight feeling of pathos.

Film Songs

Nat Bhairav is a popular raga for film songs. Here are some film songs based on Nat Bhairav:

  • "Badli Se Nikla Hai Chaand" - Sanjog, 1961
  • "Tere Naina Kyon Bhar Aaye" - Geet, 1970

References

External links

  • https://www.swarganga.org/raaga_details.php?raagid=28
  • https://autrimncpa.wordpress.com/nat-bhairav/
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