Nasir-ud-Din Mahmud Shah Tughluq

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Nasir-ud-Din Mahmud Shah Tughluq (reign: 1394 – February 1413 CE) was the last sultan of the Tughlaq dynasty to rule the Islamic Delhi Sultanate.


During his reign in 1398, Amir Timur the Chagtai ruler invaded India. He carried away with him a large booty from Delhi and the surrounding area. Soon after the invasion, the Tughlaq dynasty came to an end.

"For about three years, from 1394 to 1397 [...] Sultan Mahmud, a grandson of Firuz Shah Tughlaq, was recognized as king in Old Delhi, while his relative Nusrat Shah, claimed similar rank in Firuzabad. "[1]


After the return of Amir Timur, Nasir-ud-Din Mahmud Shah Tughluq (reign: 1394 – February 1413 CE), the last sultan of the Tughlaq dynasty was under the effect of Amir Mallu Iqbal (ruler of the land between river Ganga and Jamuna river). In 1408 Amir Mallu Iqbal attacked the Punjab but was defeated and killed by its ruler Sayyid Khizr Khan. After Mallu's death, Nasir-ud-Din Mahmud Shah returned to Delhi and established his Kingdom with help of Dauwlat Khan Lodi. Nasir-ud-Din Mahmud Shah died in February 1413. Dauwlat Khan Lodi was raised as Sultan of Delhi by the Wazeers and Amirs of the last Tughlaq Sultan Nasir-ud-Din Mahmud Shah. He remained as autonomous King for almost a year. On 28th May 1414, Sayyid Khizr Khan surrounded the city, defeated the Daulat Khan's army and established the Sayyid dynasty. In 1414, the power vacuum created by Timur's invasion was filled by the first Sayyid Sultan.

The succeeding sultan of the Delhi Sultanate was Khizr Khan, the first of the Sayyid dynasty.


  1. ^ Sen, Sailendra (2013). A Textbook of Medieval Indian History. Primus Books. pp. 100–102. ISBN 978-9-38060-734-4.
Preceded by
Nasir ud din Muhammad Shah III
Sultan of Delhi
1394 – 1413
Succeeded by
Khizr Khan,
Sayyid dynasty
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