Nashik

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Nashik
Nasik
Metropolis
Nashik city from the Pandavleni Caves
Nashik city from the Pandavleni Caves
Nickname(s): Wine capital of India
Nashik is located in India
Nashik
Nashik
Nashik is located in Maharashtra
Nashik
Nashik
Location of Nashik in Maharashtra
Coordinates: 20°00′N 73°47′E / 20.00°N 73.78°E / 20.00; 73.78Coordinates: 20°00′N 73°47′E / 20.00°N 73.78°E / 20.00; 73.78
Country  India
State Maharashtra
District Nashik
Named for Historical Places
Government
 • Type Mayor–Council
 • Mayor Ranjana Bhansi (BJP)
 • Municipal Commissioner Mr.Abishekh Krishna
 • Deputy Mayor Prathamesh Gite(BJP)
 • Member Of Parliament Hemant Godse (Shivsena)
Area
 • Metropolis 300 km2 (100 sq mi)
Elevation 700 m (2,300 ft)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Metropolis 1,486,973 (3rd in Maharashtra)
 • Metro[2] 1,862,769
 • Metro rank 20th
Demonym(s) Nashikkar
Language
 • Official Marathi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 422 0xx
Telephone code 91(253)
Vehicle registration MH 15
Website www.nashik.nic.in

Nashik (pron:ˈnʌʃɪk) (About this sound pronunciation )[3] is an ancient city in the northwest region of Maharashtra at India.

Geography

Nashik lies in the northern part of Maharashtra state at 700 m (2,300 ft)[4] from the mean sea level. The river Godavari originates from the Brahmagiri Mountain, Trimbakeshwar about 24 km (15 mi) from Nashik and flows through the old residential settlement, now in the central part of the city. Due to high pollution created by factories in proximity of the city the river was dying at an alarming rate. It has since been successfully cleaned.[5] Other than Godavari, important rivers like Vaitarana, Bhima, Girana, Kashyapi and Darana flow across Nashik.[6]

Nashik lies on the western edge of the Deccan Plateau which is a volcanic formation.[7]

Trimbakeshwar is about 30 km (19 mi) from the city, it is where from river Godavari originates. The land area of the city is about 259.13 km2 (100.05 sq mi).[8]

Climate

The city's tropical location and high altitude combine to give it a relatively mild version of a tropical wet and dry climate.Temperatures rise slightly in October, but this is followed by the cool season from November to February. The cool season sees warm temperatures of around 28 °C during the day, but cool nights, with lows averaging 10 °C, and extremely dry air.

Climate data for Nashik
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 35.5
(95.9)
36.5
(97.7)
40.3
(104.5)
42.4
(108.3)
43.1
(109.6)
40.4
(104.7)
35.4
(95.7)
34.3
(93.7)
36.5
(97.7)
38.5
(101.3)
34.7
(94.5)
32.8
(91)
43.1
(109.6)
Average high °C (°F) 28.3
(82.9)
30.1
(86.2)
33.3
(91.9)
35.5
(95.9)
35.9
(96.6)
32.1
(89.8)
28.2
(82.8)
28.0
(82.4)
28.6
(83.5)
30.9
(87.6)
29.9
(85.8)
28.7
(83.7)
30.79
(87.43)
Average low °C (°F) 12.5
(54.5)
13.6
(56.5)
17.4
(63.3)
21.1
(70)
23.2
(73.8)
23.1
(73.6)
22.0
(71.6)
21.5
(70.7)
20.7
(69.3)
19.2
(66.6)
15.5
(59.9)
12.9
(55.2)
18.56
(65.42)
Record low °C (°F) 0.4
(32.7)
0.6
(33.1)
5.7
(42.3)
8.9
(48)
13.5
(56.3)
18.3
(64.9)
17
(63)
17
(63)
13.5
(56.3)
9.8
(49.6)
4.4
(39.9)
2.2
(36)
0.4
(32.7)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
1.5
(0.059)
0.1
(0.004)
5.1
(0.201)
235
(9.25)
386.7
(15.224)
255.9
(10.075)
230.9
(9.091)
56.5
(2.224)
18.9
(0.744)
0.4
(0.016)
1,191
(46.888)
Source: Climate data[1][9][10]

Civic administration

Nashik city is governed by the Nashik Municipal Corporation.[11]

Court

The Nashik Court Building is built in black stone in British Regime and the new building was inaugurated on 18 September 2005. There are 73 courts including taluka court.[12][13]

Solid waste management

In the Nashik Municipal Corporation area about 225 MT of solid waste is generated per day. Unlike other Indian cities, this garbage is collected by vehicles titled 'Ghantagadi' (meaning the vehicle with a bell): a system which has resulted in a Smaller versions of the ghantagadi ply in the congested old city areas. A plant has been set by the Nashik Municipal Corporation near Pandav Leni (Pandavleni Caves) to process the garbage and convert into compost.[14]

Demographics

Nashik is the fourth largest city in Maharashtra in terms of population. According to the Census of India, 2011, Nashik had a population of 1,486,053. Males constitute 782,517 of the population and females 703,536. Metropolitan Nashik population was 1,561,809 in which 821,921 were males and 739,888 were females. Nashik city had an average literacy rate of 89.85%: male literacy was 93.40%, and female literacy was 85.92%.[15]

The sex ratio is 894 per 1000 males for Nashik city. Child sex ratio is 865 girls per 1000 boys. In Nashik, 11.42% of the population is under 6 years of age.[16] In census year 2001 the Nashik Urban Agglomeration had a population of 11,52,326. Thus it was the fourth largest urban area of Maharashtra State after Mumbai, Pune and Nagpur. The projected population of Nashik urban agglomeration (which includes abutting urban areas like Deolali) as on 11 November 2012 is 15,62,769.[17]

Art and culture

Cave No.10 "Nahapana Vihara" at Pandavleni caves, (circa 120 CE).
Trimbakeshwar Temple near Nashik (source of the Godavari River)

Pandavleni caves

The Pandavleni caves, or Nasik caves, are a group of 24 caves carved between the 1st century BCE and the 2nd century CE,[18] representing the Hinayana Buddhist caves and has nothing to do with the characters of Mahabharata (the Pandavas). Most of the caves are Viharas except for the 18th cave which is a Chaitya.[19] The location of the caves is a holy Buddhist site and is located about 8 km south of Nashik.

Dams

  • Gangapur Dam is on the river Godavari near Gangawadi village and is Asia's largest earthen dam, Nashik.[20]
  • Chankapur dam which is on the Girna river is one of the big dams built by the British in the 19th century. It is 3 km from the village Abhona in Kalwan tehsil and 60 km from Nashik.
  • Kashypi Dam is on the Kashypi river near Rajapur, Nashik.
  • Girna Dam is an earthfill type of dam on river Girna near Nandgaon, Nashik District.
  • Darna Dam is a gravity dam on Darna river near Igatpuri, Nashik district.

Culture

Kumbh Mela

The 1989 Kumbh Mela at Nashik.

Nashik hosts one of the largest religious gatherings in the world known as Maha Kumbh. The Ardh (half) Kumbh Mela is celebrated every six years at Haridwar and Allahabad and the Purna (complete) Kumbh takes place every twelve years at four places in Allahabad, Haridwar, Ujjain, and Nashik. According to the Puranas, it is believed that Kumbh derives its name from an immortal pot of nectar, which the devtas (Gods) and demons fought over. The four places where the nectar fell are at the banks of river Godavari in Nashik, river Kshipra in Ujjain, river Ganges in Haridwar and at the sangam of Ganges, Yamuna and Sarswati in Allahabad.[21][22]

Economy

Agriculture

A grape vineyard in Nashik.

In early 1925, the table grape revolution was started in Ojhar, a small town near Nashik, by Raosaheb Jairam Krishna Gaikwad. Today, table grapes are exported to Europe, the Middle East, and Asia.[23]

The average Kharip crop area is 663,200 hectares while the average Rabbi crop area is 136500 hectares. The sown area is 658,763 hectares (99%) and the forest land is 340,000 hectares (21.75%). The uncultivable area is 23,000 hectares (1.48%).[24]

Rainwater harvesting

The Nashik Municipal Corporation has made it mandatory for new constructions in the city to install a rainwater harvesting system without which a completion certificate is not granted. This measure is expected to help recharge the aquifers and augment the groundwater level.[25]

Industry

The Igatpuri-Nashik-Sinnar investment region is an important node in the US$ 90 billion Delhi Mumbai Industrial Corridor Project.[26][better source needed]

There is a Hindustan Aeronautics Limited aircraft manufacturing plant 10 mi (16 km) from Nashik.[27] The Currency Note Press[28] and India Security Press are on Nashik Road, where Indian currency and government stamp papers are printed respectively.[29]

Existing industrial areas in Nashik district are Satpur, Ambad, Sinnar, Igatpuri, Dindori and Vinchur. The proposed areas are Additional Sinnar and Malegaon MIDC.[30]

Main road of Nashik.

Large-scale industries present in Nashik district are Atlas Copco, Robert Bosch GmbH, CEAT Limited, Crompton Greaves, Graphite India, Schneider Electric, ThyssenKrupp, Epcos, Everest Industries, Gabriel India, GlaxoSmithKline, Hindustan Coca-Cola, Hindustan Unilever Limited, Jindal Polyster, Jyoti Structures, Kirlosker Oil Engines, KSB Pumps, Larsen & Toubro, Mahindra and Mahindra, Mahindra Sona, United Spirits Limited, Perfect Circle Industries, Mahindra Ugine Steel, Samsonite, Shalimar Paints, Siemens, VIP Industries, Indian Oil Corporation, XLO India Limited and Jindal Saw.[31]

Apart from manufacturing, Nashik is an emerging investment destination for Information Technology companies. Tata Consultancy Services has invested in Nashik under the Government of India BPO promotion scheme (IBPS).[32] After Pune, Nashik is emerging as a promising hub for tech startups and innovation in India. The successful startups include ESDS Software Solutions, Winjit Technologies and Zabuza Labs. TCS has also set up Digital Impact Square, or DISQ, which is a social innovation center.[33]

Nashik has a textile industry.[4] National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development has selected Yeola Block for development of Paithani Cluster.[4] To facilitate exports, a container freight station was started at MIDC Ambad by the Central Government.[34]

Wine industry

Wineyard in Nashik
Tasting cellar at Sula Wineyard.

Nashik has been described as "The Wine Capital of India" by Alok Chandra of Business Standard due to the numerous wineries in the district.[35] As of 2013, the Nashik region reportedly produced 10,000 tonnes of grapes per year.[36]

There are 22 wineries in Nashik, out of 46 wineries throughout India total.[37]

Nashik is home to several wine festivals, such as SulaFest in the harvest season.[38][39]

Education

The city has two state-run universities, the Yashwantrao Chavan Maharashtra Open University and the Maharashtra University of Health Sciences.

See also

People from Nashik

References

  1. ^ "Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). Census of India 2011. The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 29 December 2012. 
  2. ^ "Major Agglomerations" (PDF). censusindia.gov.in. Retrieved 25 January 2014. 
  3. ^ "jjkent.com". jjkent.com. Retrieved 2013-09-28. 
  4. ^ a b c "Overview of District". Official Website of Nashik District. Nashik.nic.in. Retrieved 2015-02-01. 
  5. ^ "geography". 
  6. ^ "geography". 
  7. ^ "Official WebSite of Nashik District". Nashik.nic.in. Archived from the original on 16 July 2011. Retrieved 2010-07-16. 
  8. ^ "History of Nashik". Nashikcorporation.com. Retrieved 2010-07-16. 
  9. ^ https://www.webcitation.org/6GmnoaB0m?url=http://www.imdpune.gov.in/Temp_Extremes/histext2010.pdf
  10. ^ https://www.timeanddate.com/weather/india/nashik/climate
  11. ^ Nashik Municipal Corporation
  12. ^ History | Official Website of District Court Of India
  13. ^ Nashik district court: Latest News, Videos and Nashik district court Photos | Times of India
  14. ^ "Concept Paper on Preparation of City Development Plan For Three Cities of Jharkhand Under Jawaharlal Nehru Urban Renewal Missi" (PDF). Retrieved 2010-07-16. 
  15. ^ "2011 Census Nashik". India 2011 Census. 
  16. ^ "Nashik City Population Census 2011 – Maharashtra". Retrieved 27 July 2015. 
  17. ^ Thomas Brinkhoff (2010-01-23). "The Principal Agglomerations of the World – Population Statistics & Maps". Citypopulation.de. Retrieved 2010-07-16. 
  18. ^ Empires: Perspectives from Archaeology and History by Susan E. Alcock p.168
  19. ^ lonelyplanet
  20. ^ "Official WebSite of Nashik District". Archived from the original on 10 August 2013. Retrieved 27 July 2015. 
  21. ^ "Official WebSite of Nashik District". Nashik.nic.in. Retrieved 2015-07-02. 
  22. ^ "History of Kumbh Mela – Origin of Kumbh Mela". Kumbhamela.net. Retrieved 2015-07-02. 
  23. ^ Tushar Pawar, TNN 16 May 2012, 06.06AM IST (2012-05-16). "India's grape export up by nearly 60% this year – Times of India". Articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com. Retrieved 2013-09-28. 
  24. ^ "Official Website of Nashik District". Nashik.nic.in. 2012-10-31. Retrieved 2015-07-02. 
  25. ^ "Concept Paper on Preparation of City Development Plan For Three Cities of Jharkhand Under Jawaharlal Nehru Urban Renewal Missi" (PDF). Retrieved 2010-07-16. 
  26. ^ "DMIC". en.wikipedia.org. 
  27. ^ Welcome to HAL – Aircraft Division Archived 23 March 2013 at the Wayback Machine.
  28. ^ "Currency Note Press, Nashik has Highest Ever Monthly Production of 451.5 Million Pieces (MPCS) of Banknotes during January, 2013". Press Information Bureau, Government of India. 8 February 2013. 
  29. ^ "CNPN Home". Cnpnashik.spmcil.com. 2010-10-21. Retrieved 2013-09-28. 
  30. ^ "MSME Nashik report" (PDF). dcmsme.gov.in. 
  31. ^ "Brief Industrial Profile of Nashik District" (PDF). GOI Ministry of MSME. 2017. Retrieved 2017-08-08. 
  32. ^ "India BPO promotion scheme". www.business-standard.com. 
  33. ^ "After Pune, Nashik is emerging as latest hub for tech startups in India". economictimes.indiatimes.com. 
  34. ^ "Industry". Official Website of Nashik District. 
  35. ^ "Business Standard". Business Standard. 
  36. ^ "Nashik Harvest". Food NDTV. 
  37. ^ "Business Standard". Business Standard. 
  38. ^ http://www.jamaicaobserver.com/lifestyle/Wines-from-Nashik---the-wine-capital-of-India_19223423.html[dead link]
  39. ^ "Leaders of Tomorrow: Nashik- The wine capital of India | The Economic Times Video | ET Now". Economictimes.indiatimes.com. Retrieved 2013-09-28. 
  40. ^ Veer Savarkar Biography – Vir Savarkar Indian Freedom Fighter – Vinayak Damodar Savarkar History
  41. ^ "Young Achievers". Indian Express. 11 November 2013. Retrieved 5 January 2015. 
  42. ^ "Youth Icon". Maharashtra Times. March 16, 2013. Retrieved 5 August 2013. 

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