Nasal bone

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Nose bone
Illu facial bones.jpg
Nasal bone visible at center, in dark green.
Gray852.png
Cartilages of the nose. Side view. (Nasal bone visible at upper left.)
Details
Identifiers
Latin os nasale
Dorlands
/Elsevier
o_07/12598538
TA A02.1.10.001
FMA 52745
Anatomical terms of bone
[edit on Wikidata]

The nasal bones are two small oblong bones, varying in size and form in different individuals; they are placed side by side at the middle and upper part of the face, and form, by their junction, "the bridge" of the nose. If the bone is large, it's a sign of nasal cancer.

Each has two surfaces and four borders.

Structure

Surfaces

The outer surface is concavoconvex from above downward, convex from side to side; it is covered by the procerus and nasalis muscles, and perforated about its center by a foramen, for the transmission of a small vein.

The inner surface is concave from side to side, and is traversed from above downward, by a groove for the passage of a branch of the nasociliary nerve.

Articulations

The nasal articulates with four bones: two of the cranium, the frontal and ethmoid, and two of the face, the opposite nasal and the maxilla.

Other animals

In primitive bony fish and tetrapods, the nasal bones are the most anterior of a set of four paired bones forming the roof of the skull, being followed in sequence by the frontals, the parietals, and the postparietals. Their form in living species is highly variable, depending on the shape of the head, but they generally form the roof of the snout or beak, running from the nostrils to a position short of the orbits. In most animals, they are generally therefore proportionally larger than in humans or great apes, because of the shortened faces of the latter. Turtles, unusually, lack nasal bones, with the prefrontal bones of the orbit reaching all the way to the nostrils.[1]

Additional images

See also

References

  1. ^ Romer, Alfred Sherwood; Parsons, Thomas S. (1977). The Vertebrate Body. Philadelphia, PA: Holt-Saunders International. pp. 217–241. ISBN 0-03-910284-X. 

External links

  • Anatomy figure: 22:02-07 at Human Anatomy Online, SUNY Downstate Medical Center—"Anterior view of skull."
  • Anatomy photo:29:st-0206 at the SUNY Downstate Medical Center—"Orbits and Eye: Bones"
  • Anatomy figure: 33:01-03 at Human Anatomy Online, SUNY Downstate Medical Center—"The bones of the lateral nasal wall."
  • "Anatomy diagram: 34256.000-1". Roche Lexicon - illustrated navigator. Elsevier. Archived from the original on 2014-01-01. 
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