Narrowmouthed catshark

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Narrowmouthed catshark
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Chondrichthyes
Order: Carcharhiniformes
Family: Scyliorhinidae
Genus: Schroederichthys
Species: S. bivius
Binomial name
Schroederichthys bivius
Schroederichthys bivius distmap.png
Synonyms[2]
  • Halaelurus bivius (Müller & Henle, 1838)
  • Scyllium bivium Müller & Henle, 1838

The narrowmouthed catshark (Schroederichthys bivius) is a catshark of the family Scyliorhinidae, found from central Chile around the Straits of Magellan, to Argentina between latitudes 23° S and 56° S, at depths down to about 180 m (600 ft) in the Atlantic Ocean and about 360 m (1,200 ft) in the Pacific. It can grow to a length of up to 70 cm (28 in). The reproduction of this catshark is oviparous.

Description

As a juvenile, the narrowmouthed catshark is elongated and very slender, but as it grows its proportions change and it becomes rather more thickset. Its adult length can reach 70 cm (28 in) or more. The snout is rounded and slender and the front nasal flaps are narrow and lobed. This fish displays heterodont dentition; the mouth is long in both sexes, but is longer and narrower in males, with teeth that are twice the height of those of females.[3] The general colour of the dorsal surface of both sexes is greyish-brown, with seven or eight dark brown saddles. Some large dark spots are scattered along the body but do not occur on the saddles. There are also many small white spots on the upper half of the body.[3]

Distribution

The narrowmouthed catshark is endemic to the coasts of South America, between latitudes 23° S and 56° S.[4] In the southwestern Atlantic Ocean its range extends from southern Brazil, southwards to the Beagle Channel and in the southeasterly Pacific Ocean, southwards from northern Chile. Its depth range is from the surface down to about 180 m (600 ft) in the Atlantic Ocean and about 360 m (1,200 ft) in the Pacific.[1]

Ecology

The narrowmouthed catshark is a demersal fish, feeding mostly on crustaceans and some fish. In the Beagle Channel in the summer it has been found to feed almost exclusively on the squat lobster Munida gregaria, but in other places its diet is more varied. The females are oviparous, the eggs being laid in egg cases which are attached to the seabed in estuaries and sheltered waters by tendrils. The newly hatched juvenile fish use these sheltered areas as nurseries.[1]

Status

The International Union for Conservation of Nature has been unable to evaluate the conservation status of this shark because of insufficient data on the number caught by fisheries and little information on the fish's reproductive habits. The only place at which egg cases have been found is the estuary of the Deseado River in Argentina, and none have been found there for a number of years, perhaps reflecting an increased level of noise and disturbance by vessels using it as a port. For these reasons, the IUCN has assessed this species as "data deficient".[1]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d Chiaramonte, G.E. (2005). "Schroederichthys bivius". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2005: e.T39347A10211582. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2005.RLTS.T39347A10211582.en. Retrieved 11 August 2016.
  2. ^ a b Bailly, Nicolas (2015). "Schroederichthys bivius (Müller & Henle, 1838)". World Register of Marine Species. Retrieved 21 June 2016.
  3. ^ a b Compagno, L. J. V. "Narrowmouthed catshark (Schroederichthys bivius)". Sharks of the World. Marine Species Identification Portal. Retrieved 21 June 2016.
  4. ^ Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2006). "Schroederichthys bivius" in FishBase. July 2006 version.
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