Napier-Hastings Urban Area

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Napier-Hastings Urban Area
Napier-Hastings Urban Area is located in New Zealand
Napier-Hastings Urban Area
Napier-Hastings Urban Area
Hastings/Napier
Coordinates: 39°35′0″S 176°51′0″E / 39.58333°S 176.85000°E / -39.58333; 176.85000
Country  New Zealand
Region Hawke's Bay
Area
 • Territorial 5,335 km2 (2,060 sq mi)
Elevation 9 m (30 ft)
Population (June 2017)[1]
 • Territorial 139,600
 • Density 26/km2 (68/sq mi)
 • Urban 133,000
Postcodes 4120, 4122

The Napier-Hastings Urban Area lies mostly on the Heretaunga Plains of the Hawke's Bay Region in New Zealand and is a conurbation surrounding the twin cities of Napier and Hastings. It is the sixth most populous urban area in the country, with 133,000 residents,[1] just slightly fewer than Tauranga (137,900).

While the two cities remain separated by 9 km (5.6 mi) of rural land from city edge to edge (20 km from one city centre to the next), there is sufficient economic and social integration between the cities for Statistics New Zealand to aggregate them into a single unit. However, like the urban areas of Auckland, Hamilton and Wellington, the Napier-Hastings urban area is subdivided into urban zones. The urban area contains around three-quarters of the population of the entire Hawke's Bay.

If Hastings and Napier were to amalgamate they would become the sixth most populous city in New Zealand following Tauranga.

Satellite photo of southern Hawke Bay, including all of the Napier-Hastings Urban Area

Geography


Suburbs

Napier CBD
  • Ahuriri
  • Awatoto
  • Bay View
  • Bluff Hill
  • Greenmeadows
  • Hospital Hill
  • Jervoistown
  • Maraenui
  • Marewa
  • Meeanee
  • Napier South
  • Onekawa
  • Orotu Park
  • Pandora
  • Pirimai
  • Porati
  • Taradale
    • Taradale North
    • Taradale South
  • Te Awa
  • Tamatea
  • Waiohiki
  • Westshore

Hastings CBD

  • Akina
  • Camberley
  • Flaxmere
    • Flaxmere East
    • Kingsley-Chatham
    • Lochain
  • Frimley
  • Havelock North
    • Anderson Park
    • Havelock North Central
    • Iona
    • Te Mata
    • Te Mata Hills
  • Irongate
  • Karamu
  • Longlands
  • Mahora
  • Mayfair
  • Parkvale
  • Pukahu
  • Raureka
  • St Leonards
  • Stortford Lodge
  • Tomoana
  • Twyford
  • Waipatu
  • Woolwich

Seismicity

Hawke's Bay is one of the most seismically active regions in New Zealand, and as so Napier-Hastings has experienced many large and often damaging earthquakes in the past. More than 50 damaging earthquakes have rocked the area since the European colonisation in the 1800s. Some of the more notable are listed below.

Date Location Magnitude (ML) Depth Fatalities More information
8 July 1843 25 km west of Tikokino 7.6 12 km 2
22 February 1863 Waipukurau 7.5 25 km 1863 Hawke's Bay earthquake
5 October 1911 Hastings 5.6 33 km
28 June 1921 Kaweka Forest Park 7.0 80 km
3 February 1931 20 km north of Napier 7.8 20 km 256 killed, thousands injured 1931 Hawke's Bay earthquake
8 February 1931 Wairoa 6.4 60 km
13 February 1931 50 km east of Napier 7.3 30 km
16 September 1932 Wairoa 6.9 12 km
15 March 1934 Mohaka 6.1 25 km
26 February 1940 Hastings 6.0 25 km
31 January 1958 Waipawa 6.1 12 km
5 October 1980 Hastings 5.7 30 km
11 April 1993 Hastings 6.1 38 km
15 October 2001 Hastings 5.8 40 km
25 August 2008 Hastings 5.9 31 km 2008 Hastings earthquake

Education

Napier-Hastings offers a variety of colleges and tertiary studies for students. The Eastern Institute of Technology, commonly abbreviated to EIT or EIT HB is located along the banks of the Tutaekuri River and offers many different courses for students both in and out of the region. EIT serves as the main regional tertiary education centre for both Hawke's Bay and Gisborne regions. There are 3 campuses: Hawke's Bay, Auckland and Gisborne.

Secondary Schools are as follows:

Name Gender Area Decile Roll Website MOE
Flaxmere College Coed Flaxmere 1 328 [1] 134
Hastings Boys' High School Boys Hastings 2 717 [2] 227
Hastings Christian School Coed Hastings 7 237 [3] 443
Hastings Girls' High School Girls Hastings 2 743 [4] 228
Hohepa Home School Coed Taradale 8 41 4109
Iona College Girls Havelock North 9 307 [5] 224
Karamu High School Coed Hastings 4 860 [6] 229
Lindisfarne College Boys Hastings 10 481 [7] 230
Napier Boys' High School Boys Napier 6 1196 [8] 216
Napier Girls' High School Girls Napier 7 1006 [9] 217
Sacred Heart College Girls Napier 5 284 [10] 219
St John's College Boys Hastings 4 374 [11] 226
St Joseph's Māori Girls' College Girls Taradale 3 217 [12] 222
Taikura Rudolf Steiner School Coed Hastings 6 384 [13] 231
Tamatea High School Coed Napier 3 302 [14] 218
Taradale High School Coed Taradale 8 980 [15] 215
TKKM o Ngati Kahungunu Ki Heretaunga Coed Flaxmere 1 167 2445
TKKM o Te Ara Hou Coed Napier 2 195 3107
William Colenso College Coed Napier 2 413 [16] 220
Woodford House Girls Havelock North 9 318 [17] 225

Urban Zones

For more information, see Napier, New Zealand and Hastings, New Zealand respectively.

Napier Urban Zone

Napier Urban Zone includes Napier and two tracts of rural land from Hastings District: Bay View to the north and Waiohiki to the south. It also includes the township of Taradale.

Napier hosts the region's only port (the majority of export coming from Hastings' industry and food processing), the region's domestic airport, High Court, the local polytechnic college, and the Hawkes Bay Regional Council headquarters.

Napier on its own is the 10th largest urban area in New Zealand.

Hastings Urban Zone

Hastings Urban Zone lies within the Hastings District and includes Havelock North and Flaxmere. The Hastings District Council consists of almost half of the total population of Hawke's Bay, with 74,000 people. The main urban zone of Hastings contains around 68,000 people.

Hastings hosts the regional Hospital, Hawke's Bay Hospital, along with the regional showgrounds, racecourse, newspaper print, sports park and Waterpark.

Hastings on its own is the 8th largest urban area in New Zealand. Coordinates: 39°35′S 176°51′E / 39.583°S 176.850°E / -39.583; 176.850

Amalgamation

Amalgamation is an ongoing debate for Napier and Hastings residents. Both cities have previously had smaller amalgamations (Napier absorbed Taradale, Hastings absorbed Havelock North in the local government reforms of 1989).

There was a referendum on forming a joint Hastings and Napier in 1999, which resulted in 75% 'no' vote from Napier residents, and a 64% 'yes' vote from Hastings residents. Many say the referendum was called too early and many Napier residents were still bitter about the closing of Napier Hospital in 1998 and making Hastings Hospital the only public hospital in the region.

A proposal in 2015 was for the new council to also absorb the Wairoa and Central Hawkes Bay councils to make a super regional council of 150,000 people.[2] This amalgamation referendum was held in September 2015, the majority of voters (~66%) rejected the proposal in favour of the status quo.[3]

Part of recognition of New Zealand's 5th largest population centre is being labelled that way. Many residents have bought forth renaming the city to reflect this to the rest of the nation instead of referring to the cities by their current separate names. Names proposed include:

  • Heretaunga (the name of the plains that both cities are situated)
  • Hawkes Bay City (reflecting both recognised location and 'city' status)
  • Hawke (again, coinciding with the name of the region)
  • The Bay City (This perhaps is more in jest, and is already a common nickname)
  • Napier-Hastings (The status quo, but still does not address the issue)

References

  1. ^ a b "Subnational Population Estimates: At 30 June 2017 (provisional)". Statistics New Zealand. 24 October 2017. Retrieved 24 October 2017.  For urban areas, "Subnational population estimates (UA, AU), by age and sex, at 30 June 1996, 2001, 2006-16 (2017 boundary)". Statistics New Zealand. 24 October 2017. Retrieved 24 October 2017. 
  2. ^ http://i.stuff.co.nz/dominion-post/news/69231122/hawkes-bay-council-merger-recommended-after-wellington-supercity-scrapped
  3. ^ "Hawke's Bay Reorganisation Poll : PROGRESS RESULT" (PDF). Electionz.com. Retrieved 17 June 2016. 
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