Nadeem–Shravan

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Nadeem Saifi

& Shravan Rathod

AKA Nadeem-Shravan
Genres Soundtrack, Filmi, Bollywood Film Music, Gazal, Romantic
Occupation(s) music director, Composer, Music Producer, Singer, Instrumentalist
Years active 1973–Present

Nadeem–Shravan (sometimes credited as Nadeem Shravan) are a music director duo in the Bollywood film industry of India. The duo derives its name from the first names of its two principal composers, Nadeem Akhtar Saifi (born 6 August 1954) and Shravan Kumar Rathod (born 13 November 1954).

Nadeem–Shravan were the most successful Bollywood music directors of the 1990s until the early 2000s. They have the strong reliance of Hindustani music in their compositions and were the only composers during the 1990s and 2000s who relied heavily on three particular instruments: the bansuri, the sitar and the shehnai in almost all of their songs. By using these instruments in a modern way without disconnecting them from their original value, their contribution is unique compared to some rising music directors evolving a new music style beginning in the mid-1990s.

Their breakthrough soundtrack album was Aashiqui (1990), which sold 20 million units in India,[1] and became the best-selling Bollywood soundtrack album of all time.[2] Nadeem–Shravan were also behind many of the other best-selling Bollywood soundtrack albums of the 1990s.[2] Their success helped establish the music label T-Series.[3] However, the duo's career temporarily came to a halt with the murder of T-Series founder Gulshan Kumar by Mumbai underworld syndicate D-Company, with Nadeem Akhtar Saifi initially accused of involvement, before later being exonorated. The duo eventually made a comeback in the 2000s.

Nadeem–Shravan composed soundtracks for many Hindi films, including Aashiqui (1990), Saajan (1991), Deewana (1992), Dil Ka Kya Kasoor (1992), Hum Hain Rahi Pyar Ke (1993), Rang (1993), Dilwale (1994), Raja (1995), Barsaat (1995), Agni Sakshi (1996), Jeet (1996), Raja Hindustani (1996), Pardes (1997), Sirf Tum (1999), Dhadkan (2000), Kasoor (2001), Hum Ho Gaye Aapke (2001), Raaz (2002), Dil Hai Tumhaara (2002), Dil Ka Rishta (2003), Andaaz (2003), Tumsa Nahi Dekha (2004), and Bewafaa (2005), among others.

Their most commonly featured and favorite singers include "Trimurti" Kumar Sanu, Alka Yagnik, Udit Narayan but other Hindi playback singers like Anuradha Paudwal, Kavita Krishnamurthy, Sadhana Sargam, Jaspinder Narula, K. S. Chithra, SP Balasubramanyam, Hariharan, Suresh Wadkar, Pankaj Udhas, Mohammad Aziz, Sudesh Bhosle, Shailendra Singh, Shabbir Kumar, Nitin Mukesh, Roop Kumar Rathod, Vinod Rathod, Abhijeet, Sonu Nigam, Shaan, KK, Gurdas Maan, Shankar Mahadevan, Babul Supriyo, Manhar Udhas, Bali Brahmbhatt, Jolly Mukherjee, Sapna Mukherjee, Anwar, Vipin Sachdeva and many others have sung under their baton. Veteran singer Mohammed Rafi also sang for them in their film Dangal and Kishore Kumar in the film Ilaaka. Singers Lata Mangeshkar and Asha Bhonsle also sang in few albums for the duo.

Music career

Shravan Kumar Rathod, one half of the Nadeem–Shravan duo, in 2012.

The association of Nadeem Saifi Ashfaq and Shravan dates back to 1973 when they met each other at a function. Their first film assignment was Dangal, a Bhojpuri movie in 1973 (released in 1975). Their first Hindi movie assignment was Maine Jeena Seekh Liya in 1981 sung by Amit kumar. In 1989, their three big movies were released: Ilaaka, Hisaab Khoon Ka and Lashkar. In 1985, the duo composed music for a commercial project called Star Ten. Ten Hindi actors (Mithun, Jackie Shroff, Anil Kapoor, Sachin, Danny, Vijendra, Sulakshana Pandit, etc.) sang some songs with lyrics by Anwar Saagar.[4]

Rise to fame

Aashiqui (1990) brought Nadeem–Shravan into the limelight. Gulshan Kumar gave them the break. Aashiqui has been rated the 4th best soundtrack ever by Planet Bollywood on their "100 Greatest Bollywood Soundtracks".[5] The soundtrack album sold 20 million units,[1] making it the best-selling Bollywood soundtrack album of all time.[2]

Their success continued with Saajan, Dil Hai Ki Manta Nahin, Sadak, Sainik, Raja, Dilwale, Raja Hindustani and Phool Aur Kaante. Whether it was "Chehra Kya Dekhte Ho" (Salaami), "Adayein Bhi Hain" (Dil Hai Ke Manta Nahin) "Sochenge Tumhe Pyar" (Deewana), "Tujhe Na Dekhu Toh Chain" (Rang), they all had the distinct stamp of Nadeem-Shravan.

They have composed all kinds of music, be it fast-track, sentimental or dance numbers. But their forte was always melody. Most of their compositions were inspired from old time ghazals, westerns and other charts.

When Pardes soundtrack was released, the tracks had different varieties of songs; songs ("I Love My India" and "Meri Mehbooba"), love songs ("Do Dil Mil Rahe Hain") and qawwali ("Nahin Hona Tha)" pop ("My first day in America"), pain ("Ye Dil Deewana"). Planet Bollywood started the review by saying, "The music for Pardes is Nadeem-Shravan's best ever."[6]

They have worked with lyricists like Anand Bakshi, Faaiz Anwar, Hasrat Jaipuri, Rani Malik and many others. When they arrived on the music scene, Laxmikant-Pyarelal and Anand Milind were at the top. But subsequently their hard worked paid and they gave various hits in a row.[4]

Their songs often contain Jhankaar, Conga, Bongos, Electronic drum fusion beats. They have insisted on sticking to lyricist Sameer and male singers Kumar Sanu, Udit Narayan and female singer Alka Yagnik for most of their compositions.

Others soundtracks by them include Saajan (16), Sadak (51), Raja Hindustani (56), Dhadkan (73), Deewana (79).

Gulshan Kumar murder case

Gulshan Kumar, the owner of T-Series, was shot dead outside the Jeeteshwar Mahadev Mandir, a Hindu mandir dedicated to Lord Shiva of which he attended daily in Jeet Nagar, Andheri West suburb of Mumbai, on 12 August 1997. Mumbai underworld organization D-Company was involved with the murder.[7] The police also accused Nadeem Saifee of having paid for the murder due to a personal dispute and fled the country after the murder. According to the police, Nadeem hatched the conspiracy in Dubai in May with Anees Ibrahim Kaskar, the brother of fugitive gangster Dawood Ibrahim Kaskar and Dawood's associates Abu Salem and Kayyum. Crime branch sources said Nadeem has been out of Bombay since Gulshan Kumar died. During the interrogation of the arrested gangsters, the police reportedly learnt that Nadeem had organised a "secret" music function in June for Dawood Ibrahim Kaskar in Dubai. Many wellknown Bollywood personalities, the police claim, were present.[citation needed]

After the police's allegations against him, Nadeem Saifi had fled to the United Kingdom. In 2001, the case was taken to the London High Court, which rejected the Indian government's request for extradition on the ground that there was no prima facie case against Saifi. In August 2001, the prosecution's main witness, Mohammed Ali Hussain Shaikh, who had earlier claimed Saifi participated in the murder, eventually revealed that he didn't know Saifi and had never seen him.[8] Abu Salem also denied Nadeem's involvement on Indian national television. Saifi was also exonerated by four courts, including the House of Lords in the United Kingdom and the sessions court in Mumbai. Saifi eventually acquired British citizenship, and later moved to Dubai, where he runs a successful perfumery business.[9]

Later years

After being inactive for sometime, Nadeem–Shravan made a comeback of sorts with films like Yeh Dil Aashiqanaa, Ek Rishta, Kasoor, Hum Ho Gaye Aapke, Raaz, Dil Hai Tumhaara, Qayamat, Hungama, Andaaz, Bewafaa, Tumsa Nahi Dekha, Barsaat, Dosti and Do Knot Disturb.

Nadeem remained in the UK and despite the distance between England and India, he and Shravan continued to make music together. But they later split after Dosti.[10]

Split

In 2005, the duo split. Dosti was their last movie together. Nadeem started his own perfume and bag company and was also involved in solo compositions. Shravan was uninterested in continuing with his music, and instead focused on the music careers of his sons (Sanjeev–Darshan) and movie production. Another reason cited is probably the growing distance between the two. In an interview, Nadeem stated that there wasn't any conflict between him and Shravan. In late 2013 it was announced that the duo would work together again on the sequel of Deewana but they later split due to personal conflicts again as a result of which Nadeem decided to return as a solo composer for Ishq Forever in 2015. One of the major reason speculated for their split is their frustration for being neglected by the award shows which were not even nominating them for the best music director category after 2002, despite of the fact that their albums were still becoming chartbusters. In 2003, 2004 and 2005, Nadeem-Shravan did not receive any filmfare nominations.

Comeback of Nadeem Saifi

In 2016, Nadeem Saifi-Akhtar made his comeback with lyricist Sameer in the film Ishq Forever. He has split with his partner Shravan and worked on the film as a solo composer. The film features ten songs. In the year 2017 to continue his musical career in the film Ek Haseena Thi Ek Deewana Tha as a solo composer and film is produced and directed by Suneel Darshan.

Awards

Nadeem-Shravan have won several awards during their music career.

Nominations

Discography

Denotes films that have not yet been released
Year Film Notes
1975 Dangal Bhojpuri
1982 Bebassi
Anmol Sitaare
Naya Safar
Maine Jeena Seekh Liya
Apradhi Koun?
Zakhmi Insaan
1985 Cheekh
Star Ten Music album
1986 Vikram Betaal
Qatil Aur Ashiq
1987 Khooni Mahal
1988 Zulm Ko Jala Doonga
1989 Ilaaka
Hisaab Khoon Ka
Lashkar
1990 Baap Numbri Beta Dus Numbri
Solah Satra
Mere Humdaam
Pyar Pyar
Aashiqui Winner, Filmfare Award for Best Music Director
Apmaan Ki Aag
Lal Paree
Jigarwala
1991 Jaan Ki Kasam
Aanchal Tera Dhalka Hua
Aap Ki Yaadein Music album
Dil Hai Ki Manta Nahin
Saajan Winner, Filmfare Award for Best Music Director
Saathi
Phool Aur Kaante Nominated, Filmfare Award for Best Music Director
Pyaar Ka Saaya
Sadak
1992 Dil Ka Kya Kasoor
Sapne Sajan Ke
Jaan Tere Naam
Dilwale Kabhi Na Hare
Paayal
Deewana Winner, Filmfare Award for Best Music Director
Bekhudi
Kal Ki Awaz
Junoon
Anaam
Panaah
Rahbar Private album
1993 Shreemaan Aashique
Sangraam
Balmaa
Kaise Kaise Rishte
Dhartiputra
Aadmi Khilona Hai
Divya Shakti
Damini
Waqt Hamara Hai
Krishan Avtaar
Hum Hain Rahi Pyar Ke Nominated, Filmfare Award for Best Music Director
Rang
Sainik
Dil Tera Aashiq
Tadipaar
1994 Kranti Kshetra
Aatish
Choti Bahu
Ekka Raja Rani
Sayesha Music album
Dilwale
Salaami
Saajan Ka Ghar
Stuntman
1995 Aandolan
Gaddaar
Jaadu Unreleased film
Zamaana Deewana
Saajan Ki Baahon Mein
Barsaat
Teri Mohabbat Mein Music album
Nadeem Sings All Time Hits - Dance Remix Music album
Raja Nominated, Filmfare Award for Best Music Director
1996 Agni Sakshi
Majhdhaar
Jung
Saajan Chale Sasural
Jeet
Raja Hindustani Winner, Filmfare Award for Best Music Director
Winner, Star Screen Award for Best Music Director
Himmatvar
Sajni Music album
1997 Judaai
Jeevan Yudh
Mohabbat
Naseeb
Hi Ajnabi Music album
Saat Rang Ke Sapne
Pardes Nominated, Filmfare Award for Best Music Director
Winner, Star Screen Award for Best Music Director
1998 Maharaja
1999 Aa Ab Laut Chalen
Sirf Tum
2000 Dhadkan Nominated, Filmfare Award for Best Music Director
2001 Kasoor
Ek Rishta
Hum Ho Gaye Aapke
2002 Yeh Dil Aashiqanaa
Haan Maine Bhi Pyaar Kiya
Raaz Nominated, Filmfare Award for Best Music Director
Winner, Zee Cine Award for Best Music Director
Ansh
Tumse Achcha Kaun Hai
Hum Tumhare Hain Sanam
Dil Hai Tumhaara
Jeena Sirf Merre Liye
2003 Dil Ka Rishta
Indian Babu
Yeh Dil
Andaaz
Qayamat
Hungama
Footpath
Zinda Dil
Raja Bhaiya
2004 Sheen
Kal Na Kal Ye To Hona Hin Tha
Tumsa Nahin Dekha
Hatya
2005 Bewafaa
Barsaat
Dosti: Friends Forever Last film before official split
2006 Mere Jeevan Saathi
2008 Gumnaam – The Mystery
2009 Do Knot Disturb Comeback after their split in 2006
Sanam Teri Kasam Previously released as Sambandh (1996)
2012 Rang Music Album is released by Venus Worldwide Entertainment and it is previously released as Kal Na Kal Ye To Hona Hi Tha
2016 Ishq Forever First comeback film of Nadeem Saifi as a solo composer without his partner Shravan Rathod and lyrics by Sameer
2017 Ek Haseena Thi Ek Deewana Tha Second film of Nadeem Saifi as a solo composer without his partner Shravan Rathod and a lyrics is also written by him and has been released that is produced and directed by Suneel Darshan
2020 Sadak 2 Third film of Nadeem Saifi as a solo composer with Jeet Gannguli without his partner Shravan Rathod and Kumar Sanu comeback with Nadeem Saifi.

Impact on record sales

In total span of 17 years only 4 years (1998, 1999, 2004, 2006) are such which don't have Nadeem–Shravan album in top 3. The year wise analysis is as follows:

Year Rank (in terms of sales in India)
1990 1 – Aashiqui
1991 1 – Saajan 2 – Phool Aur Kaante 3 – Sadak
1992 1 – Deewana
1993 1 – Hum Hain Rahi Pyar Ke
1994 2 – Dilwale
1995 2 – Raja
1996 1 – Raja Hindustani 3 – Agnisakshi
1997 2 – Pardes
2000 2 – Dhadkan
2001 1 – Kasoor
2002 1 – Raaz
2003 2 – Andaaz
2005 2 – Bewafaa

Soundtrack album sales

The following table lists the sales of Nadeem–Shravan's top-selling Bollywood music soundtrack albums in India.[11] By 1993, their soundtrack albums had earned 150 crore (equivalent to 773 crore or US$110 million in 2017) in sales.[12]

Film soundtrack Year Units sold Annual rank Source(s)
Aashiqui 1990 20,000,000 1 [13][2]
Raja Hindustani 1996 11,000,000 1 [2]
Saajan 1991 10,000,000 1 [14][2]
Phool Aur Kaante 1991 6,000,000 2 [2]
Raja 1995 6,000,000 2
Dilwale 1994 5,500,000 1
Sadak 1991 5,000,000 3
Deewana 1992 4,500,000 1
Dhadkan 2000 4,500,000 2 [15]
Pardes 1997 3,500,000 2 [2]
Raaz 2002 3,000,000 3 [15]
Agni Sakshi 1996 2,800,000 3 [2]
Bewafaa 2005 2,500,000 2 [15]
Andaaz 2003 2,500,000 2
Jeet 1996 2,500,000 4 [2]
Dil Hai Ke Manta Nahin 1991 2,500,000 5
Hum Hain Rahi Pyar Ke 1993 2,500,000 8
Sirf Tum 1999 2,200,000 4
Qayamat: City Under Threat 2003 2,100,000 5 [15]
Sapne Sajan Ke 1992 2,000,000 5 [2]
Haan Maine Bhi Pyaar Kiya 2002 1,800,000 11 [15]
Hum Tumhare Hain Sanam 2002 1,600,000 5
Yeh Dil Aashiqanaa 2001 1,600,000 12
Dil Hai Tumhaara 2002 1,500,000 6
Kasoor 2001 1,500,000 1
Dil Ka Rishta 2001 1,400,000 8
Known album sales N/A 110,000,000 N/A

Trivia

Their music for Raaz was appreciated by Sir Paul McCartney.[16]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "India Today". India Today. Aroon Purie for Living Media India Limited. 19: 70. 1994.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Music Hits 1990-1999 (Figures in Units)". Box Office India. 2 January 2010. Archived from the original on 2 January 2010.
  3. ^ Nihalani, Govind; Chatterjee, Saibal (2003). Encyclopaedia of Hindi Cinema. Popular Prakashan. p. 44. ISBN 9788179910665.
  4. ^ a b "Nadeem-Shravan to Bollywood". microcan.
  5. ^ "Best soundtrack of the 90s". Retrieved 5 January 2012.
  6. ^ "Nadeem-Shravan's best soundtrack ever". Planet Bollywood. Retrieved 5 January 2012.
  7. ^ "The Mafia Calls The Shots". Outlook. 25 August 1997.
  8. ^ "Gulshan murder: Approver denies knowing anything about the case". 8 August 2001.
  9. ^ Farooqui, Mazhar (11 May 2016). "Exclusive: 'I request Narendra Modi to help me get justice'". Gulf News.
  10. ^ "Dosti-last movie as duo". Hindi Lyrics. Retrieved 5 January 2012.
  11. ^ "Top Music Sales in Bollywood – Last 60 years". NAACHGAANA. 27 May 2011. Archived from the original on 28 May 2011.
  12. ^ "Bollywood music makers become national heritage of India". India Today. 30 November 1993.
  13. ^ "India Today". India Today. Aroon Purie for Living Media India Limited. 19: 70. 1994.
  14. ^ "Bringing melody back, Nadeem-Shravan churn out hit after hit". India Today. 15 April 1992.
  15. ^ a b c d e "Music Hits 2000-2009 (Figures in Units)". Box Office India. 5 February 2010. Archived from the original on 5 February 2010.
  16. ^ "McCartney watches Bollywood thriller Raaz – The Times of India". The Times of India.

External links

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