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Attendant God from the Temple of Nabu at Nimrud, Mesopotamia..JPG
Statue of the Attendant God from the Temple of Nabu at Nimrud, Mesopotamia on display at the British Museum.
Abode Borsippa
Symbol Clay tablet and stylus
Consort Tashmet
Parents Marduk and Sarpanitum

Nabu (Akkadian: cuneiform: 𒀭𒀝 Nabū[1] Syriac: ܢܒܘ‎) is the ancient Mesopotamian patron god of literacy, the rational arts, scribes and wisdom.


Nabu was worshipped by the Babylonians and the Assyrians.[2] Nabu was known as Nisaba in the Sumerian pantheon and gained prominence among the Babylonians in the 1st millennium BCE when he was identified as the son of the god Marduk.[2]

Nabu was worshipped in Babylon's sister city Borsippa, where his statue was moved to Babylon each New Year so that he could pay his respects to his father.[2] Nabu's symbol was a stylus resting on a tablet.[2] Clay tablets with especial calligraphic skill were used as offerings at Nabu's temple. His wife was the Akkadian goddess Tashmet.[2]

Nabu was the patron god of scribes, literacy, and wisdom.[2] He was also the inventor of writing, a divine scribe, and the patron god of the rational arts.[3] Due to his role as an oracle, Nabu was associated with the Mesopotamian moon god Sin.[3]

Nabu wore a horned cap, and stood with his hands clasped in the ancient gesture of priesthood. He rode on a winged dragon known as Sirrush that originally belonged to his father Marduk. In Babylonian astrology, Nabu was identified with the planet Mercury.

Nabu was continuously worshipped until the 2nd century, when cuneiform became a lost art.[2]

Outside Mesopotamia

Nabu's cult spread to ancient Egypt. Nabu was one of five non-Egyptian deities worshipped in Elephantine.

In the Bible, Nabu is mentioned as Nebo in Isaiah 46:1 and Jeremiah 48:1.[2][4][5] In Hellenistic times, Nabu was identified, and sometimes syncretized, with the Greek god Apollo.[2]

As the god of literacy and wisdom, Nabu was linked by the Romans with Mercury, and by the Egyptians with Thoth.


A statue of Nabu from Nimrud (ancient Kalḫu), erected during the reign of the Assyrian king Tiglath-Pileser III, is on display in the British Museum.


  1. ^ Lanfranchi, Giovanni B. (1987). The Correspondence of Sargon II. Helsinki: Helsinki University Press. p. 92. ISBN 9515700043.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i Bertman, Stephen (2005). Handbook to Life in Ancient Mesopotamia (Paperback ed.). Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 122. ISBN 9780195183641. Retrieved 2016-08-08.
  3. ^ a b Green, Tamara M. (1992). The City of the Moon God: Religious Traditions of Harran. Leiden: E.J. Brill. pp. 33–34. ISBN 9004095136. Retrieved 2017-01-04.
  4. ^ "Isaiah 46:1 NIV – Gods of Babylon – Bel bows down, Nebo". Retrieved 2015-06-23.
  5. ^ "Jeremiah 48:1 NIV – A Message About Moab – Concerning Moab". Retrieved 2015-07-02.

External links

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