NJ Transit Rail Operations

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NJ Transit Rail Operations
NJT railmap infobox.svg
New Jersey Transit rail operations sampler.jpg
NJ Transit provides rail service throughout northern New Jersey, between Philadelphia and Atlantic City in southern New Jersey, and in the lower Hudson Valley west of the Hudson River.
Reporting mark NJTR
Locale North and Central Jersey, White Horse Pike corridor, Hudson Valley
Dates of operation 1983–present
Track gauge 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) standard gauge
Electrification 12.5 kV 25 Hz AC Catenary
25 kV 60 Hz AC Catenary
Headquarters 1 Penn Plaza East
Newark, NJ 07105

NJ Transit Rail Operations (reporting mark NJTR) is the rail division of NJ Transit. It operates commuter rail service in New Jersey, with most service centered on transportation to and from New York City, Hoboken, and Newark. NJ Transit also operates rail service in Orange and Rockland counties in New York under contract to Metro-North Railroad. The commuter rail lines had an average weekday ridership of 306,892 from June 1, 2015 to June 30, 2016.[1] This does not include NJ Transit's light rail operations.

Network and infrastructure


As of 2012, NJ Transit's commuter rail network consists of 11 lines and 164 stations,[2] primarily concentrated in northern New Jersey, with one line running between Atlantic City and Philadelphia. These lines are listed below.

Current lines

Operations are in two divisions:

Newark Division
Lines Terminals
Northeast Corridor Line New York Penn Station Trenton
Princeton Branch Princeton Jct. Princeton
North Jersey Coast Line
Raritan Valley Line High Bridge
(most service ends at Raritan)
Atlantic City Line 30th Street Station Atlantic City
Hoboken Division
Lines Terminals
Main Line
Hoboken Terminal Suffern (Port Jervis Line continues to Port Jervis)
Bergen County Line
Pascack Valley Line Spring Valley
Meadowlands Rail Line Meadowlands
Montclair-Boonton Line
Morristown Line
Gladstone Branch Gladstone

Freight usage

Although NJ Transit itself does not carry freight, NJTR allows freight service to be operated over its lines via trackage rights agreements with several railroads. Conrail, CSX, Norfolk Southern and several short lines (Cape May Seashore Lines, Morristown & Erie Railway, Southern Railroad of New Jersey) currently have trackage rights contracts to operate freight service on NJ Transit lines. The Morristown & Erie Railway can only use NJT trackage to get between its owned trackage; it cannot serve customers on NJ Transit trackage. A similar situation exists for Conrail on the Atlantic City Line.

Below is a list of NJ Transit lines and freight lines that operate on them:

Non-passenger lines

NJTR also owns several lines not used for regular passenger service. These lines were purchased by the New Jersey Department of Transportation in the late 1970s for railbanking purposes, with ownership transferring to NJ Transit upon its creation in 1979. These lines are either leased for freight/tourist service, interim rail trail use, or remain derelict:


NJT owns most of its tracks, infrastructure, bridges, tunnels and signals. The exceptions are:

Yards and maintenance

NJ Transit's main storage and maintenance facility is the Meadows Maintenance Complex in Kearny, New Jersey. Other major yard facilities are located at Hoboken Terminal. Amtrak's Sunnyside Yard in Queens, New York serves as a layover facility for trains to New York Penn Station. Additional yards are located at outlying points along the lines. These include:[3]

  • Main and Bergen County Lines:
    • Waldwick Yard
    • Suffern Yard
    • Port Jervis Yard (along the Metro-North-leased line)
  • Montclair-Boonton Line:
  • Morris and Essex Lines:
  • North Jersey Coast Line:
    • Long Branch Yard
    • Bay Head Yard
  • Northeast Corridor:
  • Pascack Valley Line:
    • Woodbine Yard, Spring Valley, NY
  • Raritan Valley Line:
    • Raritan Yard

NJT has a fleet of maintenance crews and vehicles that repair tracks, spread ballast, deliver supplies and inspect infrastructure. There are eight non-revenue work diesels used for these purposes.

Movable bridges

NJT utilizes numerous moveable bridges:

  • Dock Bridge, Newark (Passaic River) – Northeast Corridor Line (vertical lift) (owned and operated by Amtrak)
  • Portal Bridge, Secaucus (Hackensack River) – Northeast Corridor Line (swing) (owned and operated by Amtrak)
  • Newark Draw, Newark (Passaic River) – Morristown Line (swing)
  • Lower Hack Lift, Jersey City (Hackensack River) – Morristown Line (vertical lift)
  • Upper Hack Lift, Secaucus (Hackensack River) – Main Line (vertical lift)
  • HX Draw, Secaucus (Hackensack River) – Bergen County Line (bascule)
  • Lyndhurst Draw, Lyndhurst (Passaic River) – Main Line (swing)
  • River Draw, South Amboy (Raritan River) – North Jersey Coast Line (swing)
  • Morgan Draw, Old Bridge (Cheesequake Creek) – North Jersey Coast Line (bascule)
  • Oceanport Draw, Oceanport (Oceanport Creek) – North Jersey Coast Line (swing)
  • Shark River Draw, Belmar (Shark River) – North Jersey Coast Line (bascule)
  • Brielle Draw, Brielle (Manasquan River) – North Jersey Coast Line (bascule)
  • Beach Bridge, Atlantic City (Beach Thorofare) – Atlantic City Line (swing)
  • Delair Bridge, Pennsauken (Delaware River) – Atlantic City Line (vertical lift) (owned and operated by Conrail)

Rolling stock

Reporting marks

All NJ Transit Rail Operations equipment in both revenue and non-revenue service carry AAR reporting marks of NJTR without exception. Equipment owned by Metro-North carries AAR reporting marks MNCW without exception.


Active revenue

These locomotives carry NJTR reporting marks for revenue service. Not included are the EMU cars, which are technically locomotives, but are listed in the Passenger Cars roster below. ONLY active revenue locomotives are listed, retired equipment is unlisted.

Builder and model Photo Numbers Built Acquired Type Power Notes
EMD GP40PH-2 NJTR 4109 pushes Train 1628.jpg 4100–4112 1968 1983
(inherited at inception)
Diesel 3,000 hp (2,237 kW)
  • Former CNJ units; rebuilt by Conrail 1991–1993.
  • All units will enter an in-house rebuild program by NJ Transit for mechanical conversion into a standard GP40-2 for non-revenue service.[citation needed]
  • Only 4100 & 4101 remain in revenue service.
EMD GP40PH-2A New Jersey Transit train 5427 enters Plainfield.jpg 4145–4150 1967–1970 1992–1993 Diesel 3,000 hp (2,237 kW)
  • Replacements for the GE U34CHs.
  • 4148 was wrecked in 1996 and was rebuilt as GP40PH-2B 4219 by Conrail 1997.
EMD GP40PH-2B NJ Transit GP40PH-2B 4216 waits to pull Train 4622.jpg 4200–4219 1965–1969 1993–1994 Diesel 3,000 hp (2,237 kW)
  • Ex-Penn Central.
  • Replacements for the GE U34CHs.
  • Some units used as work engines.
Bombardier ALP-46 New Jersey Transit 6662-1.JPG 4600–4628 2001–2002 Electric 7,100 hp (5,294 kW)
Alstom PL42AC PL42AC-NJT.jpg 4000–4032 2005–2006 Diesel 4,200 hp (3,132 kW)
3,680 hp (2,744 kW) available for traction
ALP-46A 4629 at Convent Station.JPG 4629–4664 2010–2011 Electric 7,500 hp (5,593 kW)
  • Delivery started in 2010; the first units entered service on June 2, 2010.[4][5]
ALP-45DP 4504 On Head of Train 1009, at Hoboken Terminal 6-1-12.jpg 4500–4534
2010–2011 Dual-mode
(electric and diesel)
Electric mode
5,365 hp (4,001 kW)

Diesel mode
4,200 hp (3,132 kW)
3,000 hp (2,237 kW) available for traction
  • Capable of running using wire or under diesel mode.[6]
  • 35 purchased in original order; options for 17 more exercised in December 2017.[7]


All non-revenue locomotives are diesel-powered and legally carry the same "NJTR" AAR reporting marks as all other equipment without exception. As these locomotives lack HEP, they do not haul trains in passenger service unless performing a rescue.

Model Numbers Year(s) Notes
EMD GP40-2 4300–4303 1965–1968 Ex-Conrail and New York Central.
EMD GP40PH-2 4102–4112 1968 Modified starting in 2014. HEP motor has been removed, unlit number boards have been drilled in, rear ladder removed and replaced with steps, and LED markers applied to the rear end replacing their original tri-color class lights. Units are now mechanically standard GP40-2s.
MotivePower MP20B-3 1001–1005 2008 Rebuilt from 1967 EMD GP40FH-2s 4130–4134.
EMD F40PH-2CAT 4119-4120 1979–1981 Retired from revenue service in 2014, and now restricted to work service. Last two F40PHs on NJT roster.

Passenger cars

NJ Transit has a fleet of over 1,000 passenger cars. The fleet and examples are described below.

Except for the Comet IIM (which are all trailers), all examples shown are cab cars leading or on the tail end of trains.

Car groupings are, except for the Arrow III MUs, arranged in the following order: cab cars, trailers with lavatories, and trailers without lavatories, where applicable.

Single Arrow III MU's are GE Model MA-1J, married pairs are GE Model MA-1H.

and model
Photo Numbers Total Built Rebuilt
Arrow III
NJ Transit Arrow III MU 1327.jpg 1304–1333
  • 30 single cars
    (no lavatory)
  • 200 paired cars
    (lavatory in odd cars)
1977 1992–1995
  • Self-propelled cars.
  • 160 cars are in revenue service.
    • Some units sold to USDOT for testing.
    • To be phased out in 2020
Comet IIM
NJTR 5446 on Train 5705.jpg 5300–5396, 5441–5458, 5460
  • 116 trailers
    (no lavatories)
1982–1983 1999–2003
  • Formerly Comet II
NJTR Bombardier 5416.jpg 5397–5440, 5459
  • 45 trailers
    (no lavatories)
  • Formerly Comet IIB
Comet IV
NJTR 5028 on Train 3847.jpg 5011–5031, 5235–5264, 5535–5582
  • 21 cab cars
  • 30 trailers
  • 48 trailers
    (no lavatory)
  • No door at the engineer's position.
  • 5019 and 5025 are retired.
  • Cab cars are used as trailers and do not lead/end the train.
Comet V
NJT Train 6648.jpg 6000–6083, 6200–6213, 6500–6601
  • 84 cab cars
  • 14 trailers
  • 102 trailers
    (no lavatory)
MultiLevel Coach
NJ Transit Multilevel 7014 on Train 6651.jpg 7000–7051, 7200–7298, 7500–7677
  • 52 cab cars
  • 99 trailers
  • 178 trailers
    (no lavatory)
Bombardier MultiLevel Coach II Raritan train at Newark Penn Station.jpg 7052–7061, 7678–7767
  • 10 cab cars
  • 90 trailers
    (no lavatory)
  • A 100 car base order was announced on July 14, 2010.[11] It was finalized and awarded to Bombardier on September 1, 2010. The order includes an additional 79 car option.[12][13] 54 of these options exercised by MARC to obtain 54 cars with quick turnaround, leaving 25 unexercised options.


NJ Transit provides passenger service on 12 lines at total of 165 stations, some operated conjunction with Amtrak and Metro North (MNCW).[14]


  1. ^ "NJ Transit Facts at a Glance" (PDF). New Jersey Transit. Retrieved December 12, 2017. 
  2. ^ "NJ Transit Facts at a Glance Fiscal Year 2012" (PDF). NJ Transit. March 2013. Retrieved March 23, 2014. 
  3. ^ Rouse, Karen (November 16, 2012). "NJ Transit's rail fleet hit hard by storm". The Record. Retrieved August 11, 2013. 
  4. ^ Bombardier hands over first ALP-46A
  5. ^ Video on YouTube
  6. ^ Bombardier Press release
  7. ^ "NJ Transit to order more electro-diesels". International Rail Journal. December 8, 2017. Retrieved December 8, 2017. 
  8. ^ "First Multilevel Train Debuts on Northeast Corridor" (Press release). NJ Transit. December 11, 2006. Retrieved January 13, 2007. 
  9. ^ "NJ Transit Orders 45 Additional Multilevel Rail Cars" (Press release). NJ Transit. June 13, 2007. Retrieved June 13, 2007. 
  10. ^ NJT Purchases 50 Additional Multilevel Rail Cars
  11. ^ Transit approves capital and operating budgets Asbury Park Press. Retrieved July 14, 2010.
  12. ^ News - Media Centre - Bombardier
  13. ^ "NJ Transit pays $267M to purchase 100 new rail cars". Associated Press. September 2, 2009. Retrieved July 29, 2011. 
  14. ^ "New Jersey Transit At A Glance" (PDF). New Jersey Transit. 2014. Retrieved December 25, 2015. 

External links

  • NJ Transit
  • NJ Transit Rail
  • Draft 2012 State Rail Plan
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