Mythology in France

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The mythologies in present-day France encompass the mythology of the Gauls, Franks, Normans, Bretons, and other peoples living in France, those ancient stories about divine or heroic beings that these particular cultures believed to be true and that often use supernatural events or characters to explain the nature of the universe and humanity. French mythology is listed for each culture.


Bretons are a subset of the celtics that adopted Christianity. Celtic cosmology predominates their mythology:

Gaul (Celtic)

Gauls were another subset of Celtic people. Celtic cosmology predominates their mythology:

Category: Deities of Gaul category


Frankish mythology and legends revolve around Charlemagne as champion of Christianity and mythological king to France. A Christian cosmology and epic stories predominate. While not entirely about mythology, these legendary histories of France contain some mythological epic qualities:


The Normans have Norse mythology in their Viking heritage, however, they were known to readily assimilate into other cultures. After a generation or two, the Normans were generally indistinguishable from their French neighbours.

Medieval France

The following magical and legendary creatures in French narratives of the Middle Ages have mythological roots. While many of the original myths were replaced by Christianity, these mythological creatures remained a part of the cultural folklore, legend, epics and fairy tales as part of deeply embedded spiritual allegories and mythological archetypes:

See also

  • Allegory in the Middle Ages - Allegory was a prime mover for the synthesis and transformation between the ancient world mythology (for example of the Bretons and Gauls) and the "new" Christian world mythology that spread through France, for example with the Franks.

External links

  • Legends and Romances of Brittany by Lewis Spence 1917

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