Murad V

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Murad V
مراد خامس
Caliph of Islam
Amir al-Mu'minin
Sultan of the Ottoman Empire
Kayser-i Rûm
Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques
Murad V.JPG
33rd Ottoman Sultan (Emperor)
Reign 30 May 1876 – 31 August 1876
Predecessor Abdülaziz
Successor Abdülhamid II
Born (1840-09-21)21 September 1840
Istanbul, Ottoman Empire
Died 29 August 1904(1904-08-29) (aged 63)
Istanbul, Ottoman Empire
Burial 30 August 1904
New Mosque, Istanbul
Consorts Elaru Kadın
Reftarıdil Kadın
Şayan Kadın
Meyliservet Kadın
Resan Hanım
Issue Şehzade Mehmed Selaheddin
Şehzade Süleyman
Şehzade Seyfeddin
Hatice Sultan
Fehime Sultan
Fatma Sultan
Aliye Sultan
Full name
Murad bin Abdul Mecid
Dynasty Ottoman
Father Abdülmecid I
Mother Şevkefza Sultan
Religion Sunni Islam
Tughra Murad Vمراد خامس's signature

Murad V (Ottoman Turkish: مراد خامس‎) (21 September 1840 – 29 August 1904) was the 33rd Sultan of the Ottoman Empire who reigned from 30 May to 31 August 1876.

He was born at Çırağan Palace, Ortaköy, Istanbul.[1] His father was Abdülmecid I. His mother, whom his father married in Constantinople on 1 August 1839, was Şevkefza Valide Sultan, an ethnic Circassian[2][3][4] from the Ubykh tribe, daughter of Mehmed Bey Zaurum and his wife Cemile Hanım.[5]

Reign

Murad became the Sultan when his uncle Abdülaziz was deposed. He was highly influenced by French culture and was a liberal.[6][7][8][9] He reigned for 93 days before being deposed on the grounds that he was mentally ill.[9] As a result, he was unable to deliver the Constitution that his supporters had sought. The ensuing political instability caused by his ousting moved the empire closer to the disastrous war with Russia, then ruled by Alexander II.

Murad V was the first and only sultan member of the Grand Lodge of Free and Accepted Masons of Turkey.[10][11]

An important primary source about his life comes from the memoirs of one of his consorts, Filizten Kalfa, written in the 1930s.[12]

He died at Çırağan Palace, Ortaköy, Istanbul, and was buried in Istanbul on 30 August 1904. His brother, Abdul Hamid II, ascended the throne on 31 August 1876.

Family

Murad married five times and had seven children. His marriages were:

  • He married firstly at Istanbul, Beşiktaş, Beşiktaş Palace, on 2 January 1857 to Georgian Elaru Kadın (Tbilisi, c. 1841 – Chichli, 21 February 1936), daughter of Ahmed Bey Tarkanişvili, without issue.[13]
  • He married secondly at Istanbul, Beşiktaş, Beşiktaş Palace, on 4 February 1859 to Circassian (from Abzakh tribe)[13] Reftarıdil Kadın (North Caucasus, c. 1844 – Istanbul, Ortaköy, Ortaköy Palace, 3 March 1936), daughter of Hatkoyuko Bey Hatko,[13] and had:
  • He married thirdly at Istanbul, Beşiktaş, Beşiktaş Palace, on 5 February 1869 to Circassian (from Natukhai tribe) Şayan Kadın (Anapa, Russia, c. 1854 – Ortaköy 15 March 1945), daughter of Batır Bey Zan,[13] and had:
    • Hatice Sultan (Kurbağalıdere Köşkü, 5 May 1870 – 13 March 1938, Beirut, Lebanon and buried in Damascus), married firstly at Yıldız Palace, 3 September 1901 and divorced in Ortaköy on 20 September 1908 to Damat Ali Vasif Pasha (c. 1870 – 1918), Vizier, married secondly at Ortaköy Palace, 1 May 1909 and divorced on 16 June 1918 to Damat Rauf Hayreddin Bey (1871 – Beirut, Lebanon 1936), Chief Secretary of Foreign Ministry, son of Hayri Bey; and had issue:
      • Ayşe Hanımsultan (1902 – ?), by Ali Vasıf Pasha, married in 1920 to İşkodralızâde Celal Bey, and had issue, who lives today in Turkey and Germany.
      • Sultanzade Hayri Bey (19 June 1912 – ?) by Rauf Hayreddin Bey.
      • Selma Hanımsultan Raouf (13 April 1914 – 13 January 1942 buried at the Islamic cemetery of Bobigny near Paris), married 1937 Sayed Sajid Hussain Zaidi de Kotwara (1910 – 1991), and had issue: french writer Kenizé Mourad Kenizé Mourad.
    • Şehzade Seyfeddin (1872 – 1872).
  • He married fourthly at Istanbul, Ortaköy, Ortaköy Palace, on 8 June 1874 to Circassian Meyliservet Kadın (Batumi, present-day Georgia, c. 1859 – Constantinople, Ortaköy, Ortaköy Palace, 9 December 1903), and had:
  • He married fifthly at Istanbul, Ortaköy, Ortaköy Palace, on 2 November 1877 to Georgian Resan Hanım (Artvin, c. 1862 – Istanbul, Ortaköy, Ortaköy Palace, 31 March 1910), daughter of Ömer Bey by his wife Fatma Hanım,[13] and had:
    • Fatma Sultan (Çırağan Palace, Ortaköy, Istanbul, 19 June 1879 – Sofia, Bulgaria, 20 November 1932 and buried there), married at Ortaköy, 29 July 1907 to Damat Refik Iris Bey Efendi (Istanbul, c. 1887 – Istanbul, 1952), diplomat, son of Senator Faik Bey, of Konya and had Issue:
      • Ayşe Hatice Hanımsultan (20 Januar 1909 – 14 October 1968), unmarried, without issue
      • Sultanzade Mehmed Ali Bey (20 Januar 1909 – 1981), unmarried, without issue
      • Sultanzade Celaleddin Bey (23 April 1916 – 18 November 1997), married 1944 to Sofia Telgüzar Hanım (2 Februar 1926 (Sofia) daughter of Hasan Mehmet, and had issue:
        • Faik Bey (14 October 1945 – 1 October 1993)
        • Resan Hanım (born 15 November 1956) married Haluk Deveci (1953), and had issue.
    • Aliye Sultan (Çırağan Palace, Ortaköy, Istanbul, 24 August 1880 – 19 September 1903, Istanbul), unmarried and without issue.

References

  1. ^ Britannica, Istanbul: Until the Turkish Post Office officially changed the name in 1930, however, the city continued to bear the millenary name of Constantinople.
  2. ^ Açba, Harun (2007). "Bölüm 2: Sultan I. Abdülhamid Han Ailesi". Kadınefendiler: Son Dönem Osmanlı Padişah Eşleri (in Turkish) (1 ed.). Istanbul: Prolil Yayıncılık. p. 28. 
  3. ^ Turkish Historical Society XXXI. Türk Tarih Kurumu Osmanlı Tarihi Interaktif CD-ROM
  4. ^ http://www.osmanli700.gen.tr/kesitler/anneleri.html
  5. ^ İbrahim Pazan (2007). Padişah anneleri. Babıali Kültür Yayıncılığı. ISBN 978-9944-118-31-6. 
  6. ^ Howard, Douglas Arthur (2001). The History of Turkey. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 66. ISBN 0313307083. Retrieved 6 May 2017. 
  7. ^ Smith, Jean Reeder; Smith, Lacey Baldwin (1980). Essentials of World History. Barron's Educational Series. ISBN 0812006372. Retrieved 6 May 2017. 
  8. ^ Yapp, Malcolm (9 January 2014). The Making of the Modern Near East 1792-1923. Routledge. p. 118. ISBN 1317871073. Retrieved 6 May 2017. 
  9. ^ a b Palmer, Alan. The Decline and Fall of the Ottoman Empire, 1992. Page 141–143.
  10. ^ http://162.243.49.51/web/03_turkiye.html#5
  11. ^ http://www.bibliotecapleyades.net/sociopolitica/templars/knights_templars04.htm
  12. ^ Brookes, Douglas Scott. The concubine, the princess, and the teacher: Voices from the Ottoman Harem. University of Texas Press, 2010. p13-14
  13. ^ a b c d e Harun Açba (2007). Kadın efendiler: 1839 – 1924. Profil. ISBN 978-975-996-109-1. 

External links

Murad V
Born: 21 September 1840 Died: 29 August 1904
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Abdülaziz
Sultan of the Ottoman Empire
30 May 1876 – 31 Aug 1876
Succeeded by
Abdul Hamid II
Sunni Islam titles
Preceded by
Abdülaziz
Caliph of Islam
30 May 1876 – 31 Aug 1876
Succeeded by
Abdul Hamid II
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