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Munnar

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Munnar
Hill station
Munnar town
Munnar town
Nickname(s): The Kashmir of South India
Munnar is located in Kerala
Munnar
Munnar
Munnar is located in India
Munnar
Munnar
Coordinates: 10°05′21″N 77°03′35″E / 10.08917°N 77.05972°E / 10.08917; 77.05972Coordinates: 10°05′21″N 77°03′35″E / 10.08917°N 77.05972°E / 10.08917; 77.05972
Country India
State Kerala
District Idukki
Named for Tea plantations, cool climate
Government
 • Type Panchayath
 • Body Munnar grama panchayath
Area
 • Total 187 km2 (72 sq mi)
Elevation[1] 1,532 m (5,026 ft)
Population (2001)
 • Total 38,471
 • Density 210/km2 (530/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Malayalam, English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 685612
Telephone code 04865
Vehicle registration KL-68, KL-06
Literacy 76%
Website keralatourism.org/destination
Map of Kanan Devan Hills Produce tea estates’ c1950s..jpg

Munnar is a town and hill station located in the Idukki district of the southwestern Indian state of Kerala. Munnar is situated at around 1,600 metres (5,200 ft) above mean sea level,[2] in the Western Ghats mountain range. Munnar is also called the "Kashmir of South India" and is a favorite destination for honeymoon.

Etymology

The name Munnar is believed to mean "three rivers",[3] referring to its location at the confluence of the Mudhirapuzha, Nallathanni and Kundaly rivers.[4]

Location

Geographic coordinates of Munnar is 10°05′21″N 77°03′35″E. Munnar town is situated on the Kannan Devan Hills village in Devikulam taluk and is the largest panchayat in the Idukki district covering an area of nearly 557 square kilometres (215 sq mi).[citation needed]

Road

Munnar KSRTC bus stand

Munnar is well connected by both National highways, state highways and rural roads. The town lies in the Kochi - Dhanushkodi National highway (N.H 49), about 130 km (81 mi) from Cochin, 31 km (19 mi) from Adimali, 85 km (53 mi) from Udumalpettu in Tamil Nadu and 60 km (37 mi) from Neriyamangalam.

Distance from major cities

  • from Kochi - Ernakulam - 150 km

Railway

The nearest major railway stations are at Ernakulam and Aluva (approximately 140 kilometres (87 mi) by road). The Nearest Functioning Railway station is at Udumalaipettai.

Airport

The nearest airport is Cochin International Airport, which is 110 kilometres (68 mi) away. The Coimbatore and Madurai airports is Template:Nowrap165 kilometres (103 mi) from Munnar.

Administration

The panchayath of Munnar formed in 1961 January 24 is divided into 21 wards for administrative convenience. Coimbatore district lies in the north, Pallivasal in south, Devikulam and Marayoor in east and Mankulam, Kuttampuzha panchayaths in the west.

  • Vaguvarai
  • Chokkanad
  • Iravikulam
  • Kannimalai
  • Periyavarai
  • Munnar colony
  • Ikkanagar
  • Old Munnar
  • Chatta Munnar
  • Nallathanni
  • Sivanmalai
  • Munnar town
  • Cholamalai
  • Kadalar
  • Rajamalai
  • Kallar
  • Lakkam
  • Thalayar
  • Lakshmi
  • Nadayar
  • Moolakkada

Flora and fauna

Most of the native flora and fauna of Munnar have disappeared due to severe habitat fragmentation resultant from the creation of the plantations. However, some species continue to survive and thrive in several protected areas nearby, including the new Kurinjimala Sanctuary to the east, the Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary, Manjampatti Valley and the Amaravati reserve forest of Indira Gandhi Wildlife Sanctuary to the north east, the Eravikulam National Park and Anamudi Shola National Park to the north, the Pampadum Shola National Park to the south and the proposed Palani Hills National Park to the east.

Endemic species

A Nilgiri tahr (scientific name:Nilgiritragus hylocrius) at Rajamalai near Munnar

These protected areas are especially known for several threatened and endemic species including Nilgiri Thar, the grizzled giant squirrel, the Nilgiri wood-pigeon, elephant, the gaur, the Nilgiri langur, the sambar, and the neelakurinji (that blossoms only once in twelve years). [5][6]

Land ownership

There has been action to address the problems of property takeovers by the land mafia that have, according to successive governments, plagued the area. In 2011, the government estimated that 20,000 hectares of land had been illegally appropriated and launched a campaign of evictions that had first been mooted in 2007.[7]

Places of interest

There are four major directions are there in Munnar. Mattupatty Direction, Thekkedy Direction, Adimaly Direction and Coimbatore Direction. Climate and Tea Plantation is the base for Munnar Tourism. Tourists come here to see the plush green carpet that is strewn all around. The tourists count increases per year with a major number during the months of April – May when summer vacations begin across the country. In 2018, a huge number of tourists is expected during the months of August- September when the kurinji blooms once in 12 years.

Mattupatty Direction

Thekkedy Direction

Adimaly Direction

Coimbatore Direction

Other Direction


Geography and climate

The region in and around Munnar varies in height from 1,450 meters (4,760 ft) to 2,695 meters (8,842 ft) above mean sea level. The temperature ranges between 5 °C (41 °F) and 25 °C (77 °F) in winter and 15 °C (59 °F) and 25 °C (77 °F) in summer.[8] Temperatures as low as −4 °C (25 °F) have been recorded in the Sevenmallay region of Munnar.[9][not in citation given]

Köppen-Geiger climate classification system classifies it as subtropical highland (Cwb).[10]

Climate data for Munnar
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 22.4
(72.3)
23.7
(74.7)
25.3
(77.5)
25.6
(78.1)
25.6
(78.1)
23.7
(74.7)
22.4
(72.3)
22.8
(73)
23.2
(73.8)
22.7
(72.9)
21.8
(71.2)
21.9
(71.4)
23.4
(74.2)
Daily mean °C (°F) 17.6
(63.7)
18.7
(65.7)
20.2
(68.4)
21
(70)
21.4
(70.5)
20.3
(68.5)
19.3
(66.7)
19.5
(67.1)
19.6
(67.3)
19.2
(66.6)
18.3
(64.9)
17.7
(63.9)
19.4
(66.9)
Average low °C (°F) 12.9
(55.2)
13.7
(56.7)
15.1
(59.2)
16.5
(61.7)
17.3
(63.1)
16.9
(62.4)
16.3
(61.3)
16.3
(61.3)
16
(61)
15.7
(60.3)
14.8
(58.6)
13.5
(56.3)
15.4
(59.8)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 18
(0.71)
29
(1.14)
47
(1.85)
129
(5.08)
189
(7.44)
420
(16.54)
583
(22.95)
364
(14.33)
210
(8.27)
253
(9.96)
164
(6.46)
64
(2.52)
2,470
(97.25)
Average rainy days 2 2 3 6 8 9 10 9 10 12 8 5 84
Mean monthly sunshine hours 248 232 248 240 217 120 124 124 150 155 180 217 2,255
Source #1: Climate-Data.org, altitude: 1461m[10]
Source #2: Weather2Travel for sunshine and rainy days[11]
Hills around the tea plantations, Munnar

Gallery

See also

References

  1. ^ Munnar - Fallingrain
  2. ^ Munnar - the Hill Station of Kerala in Idukki | Kerala Tourism
  3. ^ Munnar History Archived 5 February 2012 at the Wayback Machine.
  4. ^ "Munnar". 
  5. ^ "Government of Kerala, Forest and Wildlife Department, Notification No. 36/2006 F&WLD". Kerala Gazette. 6 October 2006. Retrieved 2007-12-05. 
  6. ^ Roy, Mathew (25 September 2006). "Proposal for Kurinjimala sanctuary awaits Cabinet nod". The Hindu. Retrieved 2007-12-05. 
  7. ^ Jacob, Jeemon (12 July 2011). "Kerala government launches eviction drive in Munnar". Retrieved 2014-07-10. 
  8. ^ "Eravikulam National Park, Munnar, Kerala, India, the home of Nilgiri Tahr". Eravikulam National Park. Archived from Eravikulam the original Check |url= value (help) on 12 May 2006. Retrieved 28 August 2013. 
  9. ^ Frost hits plantations in Munnar[not in citation given]
  10. ^ a b "Climate: Munnar — Climate graph, Temperature graph, Climate table". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 2013-08-28. 
  11. ^ "Munnar Climate and Weather Averages, Kerala". Weather2Travel. Retrieved 2013-08-28. 

External links

Munnar travel guide from Wikivoyage

  • Kerala Tourism
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