MultiCam

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  (Redirected from Multicam)
MultiCam
MultiCam.svg
A computerized rendering of a swatch of MultiCam
Type Military camouflage pattern
Place of origin United States of America
Service history
In service 2004–present[1]
Used by United States Army
United States Air Force[2]
See Users for non-US users
Wars War in Afghanistan
Iraq War
Production history
Designer Crye Precision
Designed 2002
Manufacturer Crye Precision
MultiCam variants made in other countries
Produced 2002–present
Variants Arid, Tropic, Alpine, Black
See Variants for MultiCam camos made in other countries

MultiCam is camouflage pattern designed for use in a wide range of conditions produced by Crye Precision. Variants of it, some unlicensed, are in use with armed forces worldwide. The pattern is also available for civilian usage.

History

A mannequin wearing an early prototype of a MultiCam combat shirt in July 2004.
A U.S. Army soldier at the U.S. Capitol in June 2005, modelling an early prototype MultiCam combat shirt at a military technology convention.
USAF airmen wearing the Army Combat Uniform in MultiCam during the mid-2010s

First unveiled and designed in 2002,[3] MultiCam was designed for the use of the U.S. Army in varied environments, seasons, elevations, and light conditions. It is a seven-color,[4] multi-environment camouflage pattern developed by Crye Precision[5] in conjunction with United States Army Soldier Systems Center.

The pattern was included in the U.S. Army's move to replace the 3-Color Desert and Woodland patterns, but in 2004 lost to the Universal Camouflage Pattern (UCP) that came to be used in the Army Combat Uniform. Nonetheless, it remained in limited use by the Army in the mid-to-late 2000s for its "Future Force Warrior" program demonstrations.[6][7][8][9][10][11][12][13]

MultiCam was re-commissioned by the U.S. Army in 2010, replacing UCP for units deploying to fight in the War in Afghanistan, under the designation, Operation Enduring Freedom Camouflage Pattern (OEF-CP).[14][15] It had already been used by some American special operations units and civilian law enforcement agencies.[16] The U.S. Army is scheduled to discontinue the use of UCP in October 2019.[17]

MultiCam is available for commercial sale to civilians.[18]

A version of MultiCam has been adopted by the armed forces of the United Kingdom as the Multi-Terrain Pattern (MTP), replacing their previous DPM camouflage. MTP retains the color palette of Multicam but incorporates shapes similar to the previous DPM scheme. After using the Multicam scheme in Afghanistan, Australia has also adopted its own version, combining the pattern of Multicam with the color palette of its earlier DPCU / Auscam pattern.

On 25 November 2013, Crye Precision unveiled a family of MultiCam variants. The variants are designed for arid, tropic and snow-covered environments, plus a black variant for use by law enforcement tactical teams.[19]

Appearance

U.S. Army Rangers of 3rd Battalion 75th Ranger Regiment wearing Multicam while demonstrating the Future Force Warrior project at Fort Bliss, Texas, in February 2007.

MultiCam has background colors of a brown to light-tan gradient and lime green blending in between, the main part consists of green to yellowish green gradient and finally dark brown and light pinkish blotches spread throughout the pattern. This allows for the overall appearance to change from greenish to brownish in different areas of the fabric, while having smaller blotches to break up the bigger background areas.

A non-licensed copy of the original pattern is slightly darker or with pink or yellow tone and printed on different fabric.[20] Another non-licensed copy, called Suez pattern, similar to original MultiCam, is used by Polish special forces GROM, BOA and BOR.[21]

The MultiCam color scheme in Hex triplet is as follows:(i) Cream 524 B8A78B; (ii) Dark Brown 530 48352F; (iii) Tan 525 967860; (iv) Brown 529 6F573F; (v) Dark Green 528 5A613F; (vi) Olive 527 8C7D50; and (vii) Pale Green 526 85755C. [22]

Variants

Australia

On 19 November 2010, after trials by Australian special operations forces, the Australian Defence Force announced that Multicam will be standard for all regular Australian Army personnel in Afghanistan. Multicam, it is said, provided "... troops with greater levels of concealment across the range of terrains in Afghanistan – urban, desert and green." Previously, depending upon the terrain, Australian troops had to transition between green and desert colored Australian Disruptive Pattern Camouflage Uniforms (DPCU or AUSCAM).[23][24] On 30 May 2011 the Defence Material Organisation announced that they had obtained licence to produce Multicam in Australia for US$4.7 million and Crye would also design a new uniquely Australian pattern for another US$3.1 million.[25]

The Australian Army decided to standardize MultiCam-patterned uniforms starting in October 2014 called the Australian Multicam Camouflage Uniform (AMCU). The AMCU is manufactured domestically by Australian Defence Apparel and Pacific Brands Workwear Group and comes in two variations, field and combat, using a tested Australian Multi-Camouflage Pattern that can operate in bush, desert, and jungle conditions. Previous Disruptive Pattern Camouflage Uniforms and Australian MultiCam Pattern Operational Combat Uniforms will be worn until all Army personnel have been issued with the AMCU.[26]

Chile

The Chilean Marine Corps, Chilean Naval Special Warfare Division, and the Chilean Air Force Commandos adopted Multicam in 2009. Multicam is the standard issue uniform of the Chilean Marine Corps.

Georgia

A domestic variant of MultiCam is in use with the Georgian Armed Forces as standard issue for all military branches as well as special units of the MIA and State Security. The pattern got adopted somewhere in 2010 replacing the DWC and MARPAT and since has been produced in a slightly altered version that fits better to the local environment.

Poland

A modified version of MultiCam has been adopted by the some of Polish Special Forces. It is named Suez.

Russia

A version of MultiCam has been adopted by the Federal Security Service and by the Internal Troops of the MVD.

United Kingdom

The colors of the MultiCam pattern were also in the development of the British Forces Multi Terrain Pattern (MTP) used by UKSF in Afghanistan. British forces deployed in Afghanistan used Multi-Terrain Pattern from March 2010. The colors used in Crye's MultiCam technology were determined to be the best performing, across the widest range of environments (by a significant margin) when compared with the two existing Disruptive Pattern Material (DPM) designs in use at the time and was subsequently selected as the basis for the new MTP camouflage, combined with the existing DPM base pattern.[27][28]

United States

MultiCam is currently in use by the U.S. Special Operations Command,[29][30] and some private military contractors.[31] Several members of the U.S. Army's Charlie Company, 2d Battalion, 12th Infantry Regiment were also seen wearing MultiCam when followed by ABC News.[32] In 2010, U.S. soldiers deployed to Afghanistan were issued MultiCam versions of the Army Combat Uniform, as the existing Universal Camouflage Pattern (UCP) was found to be inadequate for the terrain.

In May 2014, the Army selected a pattern similar to MultiCam called Scorpion W2 to replace UCP, naming it the Operational Camouflage Pattern (OCP). The originally Scorpion pattern was jointly developed by Crye Precision and the Army for the Objective Force Warrior program in 2002, and Crye made small adjustments for trademark purposes to create MultiCam. Because Scorpion is similar to MultiCam, the same color Velcro, buttons, and zippers can be reused.[33][34] OCP resembles MultiCam with muted greens, light beige, and dark brown colors, but uses fewer beige and brown patches and no vertical twig and branch elements.[35] On 31 July 2014, the Army formally announced that OCP would begin being issued in uniforms in summer 2015.[36] Soldiers are allowed to wear uniforms and field equipment patterned in MultiCam until they can acquire OCP, which is allowed until MultiCam uniforms' wear-out date projected on 1 October 2018.[37]

Some local, state and federal law enforcement agencies also make use of the pattern, including the Drug Enforcement Administration's Foreign-deployed Advisory and Support Teams (FAST) teams operating in Afghanistan as well as the U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement's Special Reaction Team, the Spokane, Washington Police Department, and the Oregon State Police SWAT team.

Users

See also

References

  1. ^ "Defense.gov News Article: Future Warrior Exhibits Super Powers". archive.defense.gov. July 2004. 
  2. ^ "Missile field defenders receive multi-cam uniforms". 
  3. ^ "MultiCam". Kamouflage. Retrieved 2013-11-03. 
  4. ^ Smith, Ned (5 August 2010). "New Army Camouflage Lets Soldiers Hide in Plain Sight". TechMediaNetwork.com. Retrieved 2010-08-05. 
  5. ^ "MultiCam® - Home". Retrieved 2012-07-20. 
  6. ^ "Howstuffworks "How the Future Force Warrior Will Work"". web-beta.archive.org. 
  7. ^ "Army displays latest warfighting innovations". U.S. Army. June 2005. 
  8. ^ "Future Force Warrior, page 1". AboveTopSecret.com. 
  9. ^ "Wayback Machine" (PDF). web-beta.archive.org. 
  10. ^ "Wayback Machine" (PDF). web-beta.archive.org. 
  11. ^ "Army's Future Force Warrior passes major milestone". 
  12. ^ Copeland, Phillip E. "Photo Archive - U.S. Department of Defense Transformation Official Website". archive.defense.gov. 
  13. ^ "Howstuffworks "How the Future Force Warrior Will Work"". web-beta.archive.org. 
  14. ^ Bacon, Lance M. (2010-08-23). "Soldiers receive new MultiCam ACUs, gear". Army Times. Retrieved 2011-08-16. 
  15. ^ Cox, Matthew (February 20, 2010). "Army to replace camo pattern in Afghanistan". Army Times. 
  16. ^ "Congress Cares About Camo". Soldier Systems. June 17, 2009. Retrieved 2010-02-23. 
  17. ^ http://www.apd.army.mil/epubs/DR_pubs/DR_a/pdf/web/ARN1575_DAPam670-1_Web_FINAL.pdf
  18. ^ "MultiCam Tactical Gear". multicamtacticalgear.com. Retrieved 2015-09-06. 
  19. ^ "Patterns". Retrieved 2015-06-25. 
  20. ^ "Grey Ops: MultiCam vs. MultiSham - Part 2". greyops.net. Retrieved 2015-09-06. 
  21. ^ "Other variants and derivatives of MultiCam". Strikehold.wordpress.com. 2009-12-20. Retrieved 2011-08-16. 
  22. ^ "Multicam Brand Guide" (PDF). Multicam Pattern website. Crye Precision. Retrieved 11/12/17.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  23. ^ a b New combat uniform makes troops job easier, Australian Department of Defence, 19 November 2010.
  24. ^ a b Land Warfare Conference - Minister for Defence Materiel, Australian Department of Defence, 19 November 2010.
  25. ^ New defence uniforms on the way, The Sydney Morning Herald, 30 May 2011
  26. ^ Australian Army launches new Multicam Camouflage Combat uniform at Chief of Army's exercise - Armyrecognition.com, 24 September 2014
  27. ^ Emery, Daniel (2009-12-20). "British Army to get new camouflage uniform". BBC News Online. Retrieved 2009-12-20. 
  28. ^ Copping, Jasper (2009-12-20). "British Army to get new uniforms – turned down by the US and made in China". The Daily Telegraph. London. Retrieved 2009-12-20. 
  29. ^ "Combat and Survival Magazine], [http://i223.photobucket.com/albums/dd143/geardoairsoftmag/AFSOCoperatormulticam.jpg image capture".  External link in |title= (help)
  30. ^ "MultiCam Manufacturing". Multicampattern.com. Retrieved 2011-08-16. 
  31. ^ Blackwater USA Archived October 14, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.
  32. ^ 01/11/2010. "Nightline - ABC News - Courage Under Fire in Afghanistan". Abcnews.go.com. Retrieved 2011-08-16. 
  33. ^ Army Selects New Camouflage Pattern - Military.com, 23 May 2014
  34. ^ Army Taps Scorpion to Replace UCP - Kitup.Military.com, 23 May 2014
  35. ^ Army selects new camo pattern - Armytimes.com, 23 May 2014
  36. ^ Army announces rollout date for new camo - Armytimes.com, 31 July 2014
  37. ^ Soldiers Cleared to Wear OCP and MultiCam in July - Kitup.Military.com, 4 May 2015
  38. ^ "GRUPO MILÍCIA, 20 ANOS DE ACTIVIDADE | Operacional". operacional.pt. Retrieved 2015-09-06. 
  39. ^ 3, BMLVS - Abteilung Kommunikation - Referat. "Österreich mit neun Soldaten im Afghanistan-Einsatz". 
  40. ^ "50 JAHRE JAGDKOMMANDO | DOPPELADLER.COM". doppeladler.com. Retrieved 2015-09-06. 
  41. ^ "Kampuniform M/11 kommer i multiterræn mønster". Archived from the original on 2011-11-15. Retrieved 2015-09-06. 
  42. ^ "Montenegro Military in MultiCam - Soldier Systems Daily". soldiersystems.net. Retrieved 2015-09-06. 
  43. ^ Cheng, Derek (2 July 2011). c_id=1&objectid=10735872 "SAS war kit blows away military fans" Check |url= value (help). The New Zealand Herald. Retrieved 2011-07-02. 
  44. ^ http://scout.com/military/warrior/Article/Do-Russian-Special-Forces-Rival-US-Spec-Ops-101459288
  45. ^ https://www.flickr.com/photos/kormnd/8399595823/in/set-72157632569761987 ROK Ministry of National Defense, Defense Media Agency flickr page, 2013,01,18
  46. ^ Spanish Military Power (2 August 2015). "Spanish Military Power" – via YouTube. 
  47. ^ "กองบัญชาการกองทัพไทย". Archived from the original on 2013-12-24. Retrieved 2015-09-06. 
  48. ^ https://fbcdn-sphotos-e-a.akamaihd.net/hphotos-ak-ash3/t1/1017130_644308915626419_1996219481_n.jpg
  49. ^ http://www.thedrive.com/the-war-zone/11305/ukrainian-spetnazs-weapons-and-gear-may-show-an-american-touch
  50. ^ http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/newstopics/onthefrontline/6844734/British-Army-to-get-new-uniforms-turned-down-by-the-US-and-made-in-China.html
  51. ^ Officials to issue new camouflage uniforms to deployers, Secretary of the Air Force Public Affairs, 1/27/2011
  52. ^ Cox, Matthew (8 July 2015). "Soldiers Line Up to Buy New Camouflage Uniforms". Kitup.Military.com. 

External links

  • MultiCamPattern.com
  • Crye Precision
  • United States patent, number US D487,848 S for Multicam
  • Military Morons review and history of MultiCam
  • Multicam-Inside.fr, (French) Multicam enthusiasts community.
  • "British Army to get new uniforms – turned down by the US and made in China", The Daily Telegraph, Dec. 20, 2009.
  • "British Army to get new camouflage uniform, BBC News, Dec. 20, 2009.
  • "Camo Delays and Assessment Team Gouge, DefenseTech 29 Dec 2009.
  • English Translation of Hebrew article on MultiCam
  • Multicam & Multi Terrain Pattern (MTP) compared
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