East Indonesia Mujahideen

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East Indonesia Mujahideen
Mujahidin Indonesia Timur
Participant in Terrorism in Indonesia
Coat of Arms of Eastern Indonesian Mujahideen.svg
Emblem of the East Indonesia Mujahideen
Ideology Islamism
Islamic fundamentalism
Leaders Ali Kalora
Abu Wardah (Santoso) 
Muhammad Basri (POW)
Headquarters Poso, Indonesia
Area of operations Sulawesi
Size 40+[citation needed]
18 (July 2016)[1]
Part of  Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant
Allies Abu Sayyaf
Opponent(s)  Indonesia
 Turkey
 United States (minor clashes)
Designated as a terrorist organisation by
 United Kingdom,  United States,  South Korea,  China,  UN
Flag Flag of Eastern Indonesian Mujahideen (Mujahidin Indonesia Timur).svg

The East Indonesia Mujahideen (Indonesian: Mujahidin Indonesia Timur; abbreviated MIT) is a terrorist group operating out of Poso, Sulawesi in Indonesia. The group was led by Abu Wardah (also known as Santoso) until he was killed by Indonesian police on 18 July 2016. The group has pledged allegiance to the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant.

MIT was proscribed by the United Nations Security Council under the Al-Qaeda Sanctions Committee on 29 September 2015.[2] The US Department of State has designated MIT as a terrorist organisation.[3]

MIT has largely carried out its operations within Sulawesi but has threatened to attack targets across Indonesia.[4] The group's operations have typically avoided operations that would cause civilian casualties, but was reportedly involved in clashes between Muslims and Christians in Maluku province between 1999 and 2002.[5]

Uyghur links

Turkish passports were used by Uyghurs who were seeking to contact Mujahidin Indonesia Timor.[6]

ISIS/ISIL aligned Uyghurs have been traveling to Indonesia to participate in terrorist attacks against Shia, Christians, and the Indonesian government, during a terrorist attack in Central Sulawesi, one Uighur, Farouk, was killed by Indonesian security personnel in November, and another Uighur terrorist, Alli, was arrested for plotting a terrorist attack.[7] China has been contacted by the Indonesian government who sought assistance in confronting Uighur members of terrorist organizations in Indonesia.[8] Indonesia arrested a possible suicide bomber named Ali, a Uyghur, on 24 December 2015.[9]

In Sulawesi on Tuesday 15 March 2016[10] two pro-ISIS Uyghurs in Indonesia were liquidated by Indonesian government forces.[11] The Indonesians used bullets to kill them.[12] The "Doğu Türkistan Bülteni Haber Ajansı" which supports the Turkistan Islamic Party (TIP), denounced the Indonesian government and police for their killing of 2 Uyghurs who were members of "Doğu Endonezya Mücahitleri" (Mujahidin Indonesia Timor).[13][14] 2 Uyghurs with suspected terror ties were killed in Sulawesi by Indonesian security forces on 8 April and the killings were condemned by "Doğu Türkistan Bülteni Haber Ajansı".[15][16] The "Doğu Türkistan Bülteni Haber Ajansı" slammed the Indonesian government for hunting down four Uyghurs who illegally entered the country to join "Doğu Endonezya Mücahitleri" and accused the Indonesian government of attacking Muslims.[17][18] A Uighur accused of terror ties was killed in Sulawesi by the Indonesian security forces on 24 April, for which the "Doğu Türkistan Bülteni Haber Ajansı" condemned the Indonesian government.[19][20]

In Poso Uyghurs were being instructed by Santoso, the head of Mujahideen Indonesia Timur.[21] Faruq Magalasi, Mus'ab, Ibrohim, and Joko were the names obtained by the Indonesian media of Uyghurs being hunted by the Indonesian police.[22]

In Poso four Uyghurs were captured by Indonesian police after they illegally entered Indonesia via Malaysia and Thailand with forged passports.[23][24]

Death of members

On 18 July 2016, Indonesian forces claimed to have shot and killed MIT leader Santoso.[25] Andika Eka Putra, one of the remaining members of MIT, was killed on 14 September 2016.[26] Sobron was also killed by Tinombala Operation's Task Force on 19 September 2016.[27]

On 16 May 2017, two MIT militants were killed in a firefight with Indonesian forces in Poso. One Indonesian soldier was injured in the action.[28]

References

  1. ^ "Mabes Polri: Masih Ada 18 Orang Anggota Santoso". Kriminalitas.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 2015-07-23.
  2. ^ "UNSC sanctions". Retrieved 19 July 2016.
  3. ^ "Designation of Foreign Terrorist Fighters". Retrieved 19 July 2016.
  4. ^ "Threat to attack targets across Indonesia". Retrieved 19 July 2016.
  5. ^ "East Indonesian Islamist Militants Expand Focus". Retrieved 19 July 2016.
  6. ^ Zenn, Jacob (10 October 2014). "An Overview of Chinese Fighters and Anti-Chinese Militant Groups in Syria and Iraq". China Brief. The Jamestown Foundation. 14 (19). Retrieved 14 June 2015.
  7. ^ Kwok, Yenni (28 December 2015). "Is There a Uighur Terrorist Buildup Taking Place in Southeast Asia?". TIME.
  8. ^ Fabi, Randy; Beo Da Costa, Agustinus (6 January 2016). "Indonesia turns to China as ethnic Uyghurs join would-be jihadis". Reuters. JAKARTA.
  9. ^ Tiezzi, Shannon (7 January 2016). "Official: Indonesia Working With China to Investigate Uyghur Terrorist Suspect". The Diplomat.
  10. ^ Tiezzi, Shannon (18 March 2016). "Indonesia Adds 4 Uyghur Militants to Most-Wanted List". The Diplomat.
  11. ^ Kapoor, Kanupriya (18 March 2016). "Activists raise concerns over Indonesia's proposed anti-terrorism law". Reuters. JAKARTA. Archived from the original on 20 March 2016. Retrieved 30 December 2016.
  12. ^ "2 Suspected Uighur Militants Killed in Central Indonesia". The Diplomat. PALU, Indonesia. Associated Press. 16 March 2016. Archived from the original on 21 March 2016.
  13. ^ turkistanhaber (16 March 2016). "Doğu Türkistanlı Müslümanlar, Çin zulmünden kurtulabilmek için bir umut sığındıkları komşu ülkel". Archived from the original on 27 August 2016. Retrieved 22 July 2016.
  14. ^ "Twitter / Account Suspended". Retrieved 22 July 2016.
  15. ^ turkistanhaber (14 April 2016). "Endonezya Hükemeti, 2 Doğu Türkistanlı Müslümanı Daha Katletti -". Archived from the original on 30 April 2016. Retrieved 22 July 2016.
  16. ^ "Twitter / Account Suspended". Retrieved 22 July 2016.
  17. ^ turkistanhaber (21 March 2016). "-". Archived from the original on 27 August 2016. Retrieved 22 July 2016.
  18. ^ "Twitter / Account Suspended". Retrieved 22 July 2016.
  19. ^ turkistanhaber (29 April 2016). "Endonezya Hükümeti Doğu Türkistanlı Müslümanları Katletmeye Devam Ediyor -". Archived from the original on 6 May 2016. Retrieved 22 July 2016.
  20. ^ "Twitter / Account Suspended". Retrieved 22 July 2016.
  21. ^ "Santoso: Indonesia police 'kill most wanted militant'". BBC News. 19 July 2016.
  22. ^ Sangadji, Ruslan (18 March 2016). "Uighur militants infiltrating Indonesia". The Jakarta Post. Poso.
  23. ^ zolkepli, farik; ahmad tarmizi, jastin (18 September 2014). "Immigration on alert following report of Uighur jihadists transiting in Malaysia". The Star Online.
  24. ^ Draitser, Eric (2015-02-02). "Turkey, Terrorism, and the Global Proxy War". New Eastern Outlook.
  25. ^ "Report on Santoso's death". Retrieved 19 July 2016.
  26. ^ "MIT member found dead in Poso's Puna River". The Jakarta Post. Retrieved 30 September 2016.
  27. ^ "Indonesian Militant Suspected to be from ISIS Linked Terror Group in Poso Killed". The Straits Times. Retrieved 30 September 2016.
  28. ^ The Jakarta Post (2017-05-16). "Two suspected Poso terrorists killed in shootout - National". The Jakarta Post. Retrieved 2018-03-02.
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