Amberbaken language

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Native to Papua
Region North coast of Bird's Head
Native speakers
5,000 (2002)[1]
West Papuan
  • Amberbaken
  • Sirir
  • Ajiw
Language codes
ISO 639-3 akc
Glottolog mpur1239[2]

Amberbaken, or Mpur (also known as Kebar, Ekware, and Dekwambre), is a divergent language of New Guinea. It is not closely related to any other language, and though Ross (2005) tentatively assigned it to the West Papuan languages, based on similarities in pronouns, Ethnologue and Glottolog list it as a language isolate.[3][2] Amberbaken or Mpur has a complex tonal system with 4 lexical tones and an additional contour tone, a compound of two of the lexicals. Its tonal system is somewhat similar to the nearby Austronesian languages of Mor and Ma'ya.[4]


Mpur has five vowels: /a, e, i, o, u/.[1]

Bilabial Alveolar Postalveolar Palatal Velar
Stop voiceless p t k
voiced b d
Affricate t͡ʃ
Fricative ɸ s
Nasal m n
Approximant j w


  1. ^ a b "WALS Online -". Retrieved 2018-08-18.
  2. ^ a b Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Mpur". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. ^ Amberbaken at Ethnologue (21st ed., 2018)
  4. ^ Muysken, Pieter. From Linguistic Areas to Areal Linguistics. John Benjamins Publishing Company. p. 134. ISBN 9789027231000.

External links

  • Materials on Karnai are included in the open access collections AC1 and CVL1 held by Paradisec.

Further reading

  • Ross, Malcolm (2005). "Pronouns as a preliminary diagnostic for grouping Papuan languages". In Andrew Pawley; Robert Attenborough; Robin Hide; Jack Golson. Papuan pasts: cultural, linguistic and biological histories of Papuan-speaking peoples. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics. pp. 15&ndash, 66. ISBN 0858835622. OCLC 67292782.

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