Mother Svea

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Moder Svea
Rolf Adlersparre (sv)
Moder Svea
Alfred Nyström (sv) (1891)

Mother Svea or Mother Swea (Swedish: Moder Svea) is the female personification of Sweden and a patriotic emblem of the Swedish nation.

Background

Mother Svea is normally depicted as a powerful female warrior, valkyrie or shieldmaiden, frequently holding a shield and standing beside a lion. Svea is a Swedish female personal name which derives from svea, an old plural genitive form meaning "of the Swedes" or the Swea. It appears in Svea rike, a translation of the old Swedish word Sverige, the Swedish name for Sweden.

The popular image is considered to have been created by Swedish writer, Anders Leijonstedt (sv) (1649–1725) when first introduced in his poem Svea Lycksaligheets Triumph (1672).[1]

As a patriotic symbol, Moder Svea gained widespread popularity in Kunga Skald (1697), written by Swedish poet Gunno Eurelius (1661–1709) in honor of King Charles XI of Sweden. Eurelius was later ennobled with the name of Dahlstjerna.[2]

Mother Svea appeared frequently as a national symbol in 19th-century Swedish literature and culture. She appeared on various Swedish banknotes for over seventy years, such as both the 5-kronor banknote printed between 1890–1952 and the 5-kronor banknote printed between 1954-1963.[3]

Swedish singer Lena Philipsson and composer Torgny Söderberg wrote a song entitled Moder Swea which was introduced in the 1995 album Lena Philipsson.[4]

See also

References

  1. ^ Hofberg, Herman; Heurlin, Frithiof; Millqvist, Viktor; Rubenson, Olof (1906). Svenskt biografiskt handlexikon: alfabetiskt ordnade lefnadsteckningar af Sveriges namnkunniga män och kvinnor från reformationen till nuvarande tid (in Swedish) (Ny uppl. /grundligt genomsedd, omarbetad och till våra dagar framförd af Frithiof Heurlin ... ed.). Stockholm: Bonnier. Retrieved 2013-04-11. 
  2. ^ Meijer, Bernhard; Westrin, Theodor, eds. (1906). Nordisk familjebok: konversationslexikon och realencyklopedi. Bd 5 (in Swedish) (New, rev. and richly ill. ed.). Stockholm: Nordisk familjeboks förl. p. 1109. Retrieved 2013-04-11. 
  3. ^ "5-kronor banknote". Riksbank. Archived from the original on September 27, 2011. Retrieved 2013-04-11. 
  4. ^ "Lena Philipsson - Bio (All Media Guide, LLC.)". Jango.com. Retrieved 2013-04-11. 

Sources

  • Olsson, Bernt; Algulin, Ingemar (1987). Litteraturens historia i Sverige (in Swedish). Stockholm: Norstedt. ISBN 91-1-873022-1. 

External links

  • Moder Sea displayed in the Tumba Bruk printing plant in Tumba, Sweden
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