Monzievaird

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Monzievaird
Loch Monzievaird - geograph.org.uk - 691360.jpg
Loch Monzievaird
Monzievaird is located in Perth and Kinross
Monzievaird
Monzievaird
Monzievaird shown within Perth and Kinross
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56°23′18″N 3°52′48″W / 56.388333°N 3.88°W / 56.388333; -3.88Coordinates: 56°23′18″N 3°52′48″W / 56.388333°N 3.88°W / 56.388333; -3.88

Monzievaird (/ˈmɒnivɛərd/) is a place in Scotland, situated two miles west of Crieff in Highland District of Perth and Kinross. The village of Monzie; (pronounced Mon ee) is a couple of miles to the east-northeast.

Name

Castle Cluggy on the Dry Isle within the Loch

The place was originally named Muithauard c.1200, Moneward 1203. Two different etymologies are given for the name. In the first it is asserted that the name is derived from the Gaelic magh + bard; "Plain of the bards".[1] (Locals pronounce it as Mon ee vaird). Under this view, the name of the nearby village of Monzie is unrelated except to render the pronunciation of the first syllable "Monz" as "Mon" in linguistic sympathy. In the second etymology, Monzievaird comes from magh "plain" plus edha' the genitive case of edh (iodh) "corn" plus the Saxon vaird or "ward" meaning "enclosure", rendering the total as "place where corn is stored".[2] Under this view the village name of Monzie has the same origin[2] as does the name of the nearby castle, Monzie Castle.[3] Regardless of origin it gave its name to the nearby Loch Monzievaird.

Administration

Traditionally, Monzievaird was within the Stewardship of Strathearn and it had its own parish church.[4] It was under the control of the Murrays of Tullibardine from the 13th century.[4]

Following the Act of Union, it was placed in the county of Perthshire. In 1890 it was placed within the civil parish of Monzievaird and Strowan.[5] In 1930 the civil parish system was replaced and Monzievaird was put in the Highland District of Perthshire. From 1975 to 1996 it was part of the Perthshire Kinross District in the Tayside region. In 1996 it came under the new county of Perth and Kinross.

Architecture

Loch Monzievaird overlooked by Ochtertyre House

Ochtertyre House, the Murray family seat in Perthshire between 1784 and 1790 is located here, overlooking the Loch from an elevated position. Its grounds are a designed landscape. The house is a Georgian Category A listed building. It is now a private house, but in its time it has operated as a school (Seymour Lodge 1939-1965), a theatre, and a restaurant. The mausoleum of the Murrays, built in 1809, now stands where the parish church used to be.[6]

Economy

The local Glenturret Distillery is the source of The Famous Grouse Whisky[7]

History

Carn Chainichin. King Kenneth's Cairn

The Battle of Monzievaird

On 25 March 1005 Malcolm II of Scotland fought and killed the father-and-son rulers of Scotland, Kenneth III of Scotland[8] and his son Giric II of Scotland,[9] a Mormaer. The site of the battle is on the north side of the loch.

King Kenneth's Cairn was built in memory of the son of King Duff, who was killed in the battle of Monzievaird that year and buried on Iona. It stands in a prominent position on the edge of the steep escarpment of Corrie Barvick.]]

The Massacre of Monzievaird

Immediately following the Battle of Knock Mary on 21 October 1490, the Drummonds and Campbells set fire to the old church of Monzievaird; some twenty Murrays were killed.[4][10] James IV of Scotland, on news of the massacre, gave orders for the arrest of the main perpetrators, David Drummond and Duncan Campbell of Dunstaffnage. They were executed at Stirling shortly thereafter.[11] The nation was horrified and this event was considered at the time to have been sacrilegious.[12]

References

  1. ^ Gordon, Arthur (1896). "The Plain of he Bards". Chronicles of Strathearn. Crieff, Scotland: David Philips.
  2. ^ a b Lindsay, William Alexander; Dowden, John; Thomson, John Maitland, eds. (1908). "Appendix III: Notes on the Place-names in the Inchaffray Charters". Charters of the Abbey of Inchaffray. Publications of the Scottish History Society, volume 56. Edinburgh, Scotland: Scottish History Society. p. 324.
  3. ^ Monzie Castle (Approved) at GEOnet Names Server, United States National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency
  4. ^ a b c Dawson, Jane E. A. (2007). Scotland Re-formed, 1488-1587. Edinburgh University Press. p. 37.
  5. ^ Local Government (Scotland) Act 1889
  6. ^ Le Queux, William (1909). The House of Whispers. London: E. Nash. p. 21. OCLC 6723868.
  7. ^ "Culture and Archaeology: Crieff, Glenturret Distillery". Perth and Kinross Heritage Trust. Archived from the original on 2011-07-27.
  8. ^ Lundy, Darryl. "p. 10290 § 102894". The Peerage. [unreliable source]
  9. ^ Lundy, Darryl. "p. 10767 § 107667". The Peerage. [unreliable source]
  10. ^ When the foundations of the present mausoleum were being dug a quantity of charred wood was found, and very many calcined bones Gordon 1896
  11. ^ Dickson, Thomas, ed. (1877). Compota Thesaurariorum Regum Scotorum: Accounts of the lord high treasurer of Scotland. Scotland Exchequer. p. ciii.
  12. ^ Chambers's Journal (Seventh Series ed.). W & R Chambers. 1924. p. 201.

External links

  • An alternative view of the massacre with links and pictures
  • General Roy Map
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