Montgomery County, New York

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Montgomery County, New York
County
County of Montgomery
House in Amsterdam, NY.jpg
Flag of Montgomery County, New York
Flag
Seal of Montgomery County, New York
Seal
Map of New York highlighting Montgomery County
Location in the U.S. state of New York
Map of the United States highlighting New York
New York's location in the U.S.
Founded March 12, 1772
Named for Richard Montgomery
Seat Fonda
Largest city Amsterdam
Area
 • Total 410 sq mi (1,062 km2)
 • Land 403 sq mi (1,044 km2)
 • Water 7.3 sq mi (19 km2), 1.8%
Population
 • (2010) 50,219
 • Density 125/sq mi (48/km²)
Congressional districts 19th, 20th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.co.montgomery.ny.us

Montgomery County is a county in the U.S. state of New York. As of the 2010 census, the population was 50,219.[1] The county seat is Fonda.[2] The county was named in honor of Richard Montgomery, an American Revolutionary War general killed in 1775 at the Battle of Quebec.

Historically occupied by the Mohawk people, one of the original Five Nations of the Iroquois Confederacy, the county was created in 1772 during the period of British colonial rule as Tryon County. In 1784, after the Americans gained independence in the War, it was renamed Montgomery County for one of the heroes.[3]

Montgomery County comprises the Amsterdam, NY Micropolitan Statistical Area. The county borders the north and south banks of the Mohawk River.

History

Major general Richard Montgomery, namesake of Montgomery County

This area was occupied by the Mohawk for hundreds of years prior to European colonization. Many warriors allied with the British during the war. When the British lost, they ceded all the Iroquois territory of the Six Nations (the Tuscarora had joined the confederacy in the 18th century) to the United States, without consulting the tribes or bringing them into negotiation.

In 1784, following end of the American Revolutionary War, the European-American settlers renamed Tryon County as Montgomery County. This change was to honor the general, Richard Montgomery, who had captured several places in Canada and died in 1775 attempting to capture the city of Quebec during the Revolutionary War. It replaced the name that formerly honored the last provincial governor of New York.

In 1791, Herkimer, Otsego, and Tioga counties were split off from Montgomery.

In 1802, portions of Clinton, Herkimer, and Montgomery counties were combined to form St. Lawrence County.

In 1816, Hamilton County was split off from Montgomery.

In 1838, Fulton County was split off from Montgomery.

In 2012, Montgomery County voters approved a charter for government, making it the 21st county in New York state to do so. In 2013, Matthew L. Ossenfort was elected at-large as the first County Executive in the county's history. Ossenfort took office in 2014, the same year the charter went into effect. Under the terms of the charter, the Board of Supervisors was replaced by a nine-member County Legislature, with members elected from single-member districts. Thomas L. Quackenbush, one of the members, was elected as the first Chairman of the new legislative body, which will be a circulating position.

Congressional districts

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 410 square miles (1,100 km2), of which 403 square miles (1,040 km2) is land and 7.3 square miles (19 km2) (1.8%) is water.[4]

Montgomery County is located in the central part of the state, west of the city of Schenectady and northwest of Albany.

Adjacent counties

The Erie Canal runs through Montgomery County parallel to the Mohawk River, connecting to the Wood River to the west, which leads to Lake Ontario. Overall, the canal connected Great Lakes shipping with the Hudson River and the port of New York on the Atlantic Ocean. Several towns and villages developed along the canal, as it carried much trade and passenger traffic during its peak years. After the railroad was built through the state, along the same river plain, it superseded the canal, which was filled in some areas.

At the time of the canal's construction, Montgomery County was the only place where there was a break in the Appalachian Mountains. Called 'The Noses' because of canal construction, it became known as "the gateway to the West". In the mid-twentieth century, the NYS Thruway was constructed parallel to the former east-west routes of the canal and railroad. Today the Erie Canal and its lock system is used primarily for recreational boat use among locals and tourists.

Montgomery County is located in the heart of the state's Mohawk Valley region. Foothills of the Catskill Mountains dot the southern part of the county, while foothills of the Adirondack Mountains dot the north.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1790 28,848
1800 22,051 −23.6%
1810 41,214 86.9%
1820 37,569 −8.8%
1830 43,715 16.4%
1840 35,818 −18.1%
1850 31,992 −10.7%
1860 30,866 −3.5%
1870 34,457 11.6%
1880 38,315 11.2%
1890 45,699 19.3%
1900 47,488 3.9%
1910 57,567 21.2%
1920 57,928 0.6%
1930 60,076 3.7%
1940 59,142 −1.6%
1950 59,594 0.8%
1960 57,240 −4.0%
1970 55,883 −2.4%
1980 53,439 −4.4%
1990 51,981 −2.7%
2000 49,708 −4.4%
2010 50,219 1.0%
Est. 2016 49,276 [5] −1.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790-1960[7] 1900-1990[8]
1990-2000[9] 2010-2013[1]
Montgomery County population distribution by age and sex (2000 census)

As of the census[10] of 2010, there were 50,208 people, 20,073 households, and 13,131 families residing in the county. The population density was 123 people per square mile (47/km²). There were 22,522 housing units at an average density of 56 per square mile (21/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 92.87% (83.8% Non-Hispanic; 9.07 White Hispanic) White, 1.15% African American, 0.25% Native American, 0.53% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 3.92% from other races, and 1.27% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 12.91% of the population. 19.0% identified as being of Italian, 15.9% German, 13.5% Polish, 9.8% Puerto Rican 9.1% Irish, 7.9% American and 6.4% English ancestry, according to Census 2010. 86.8% spoke English, 9.3% Spanish,1.8% Italian, and 1.1% Polish as their first language.

There were 20,038 households out of which 29.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.00% were married couples living together, 11.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.60% were non-families. 29.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 2.98.

In the county, the population was spread out with 24.50% under the age of 18, 7.20% from 18 to 24, 26.30% from 25 to 44, 22.90% from 45 to 64, and 19.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 91.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $33,128, and the median income for a family was $40,688. Males had a median income of $31,818 versus $23,359 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,005. About 9.00% of families and 13.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.80% of those under age 18 and 9.89% of those age 65 or over.

Politics and government

Presidential Elections Results[11]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 59.3% 11,301 34.6% 6,595 6.1% 1,158
2012 51.3% 9,334 46.7% 8,493 2.0% 359
2008 53.1% 10,711 45.0% 9,080 1.9% 384
2004 53.4% 11,338 44.5% 9,449 2.1% 434
2000 46.9% 9,765 49.3% 10,249 3.8% 795
1996 33.9% 7,172 49.5% 10,485 16.6% 3,509
1992 37.6% 8,802 40.6% 9,509 21.9% 5,132
1988 49.1% 11,128 50.1% 11,371 0.8% 186
1984 61.2% 14,398 38.5% 9,044 0.3% 78
1980 49.5% 11,917 40.0% 9,645 10.5% 2,524
1976 53.7% 13,281 45.6% 11,271 0.7% 182
1972 63.6% 16,640 36.2% 9,460 0.3% 71
1968 49.8% 12,566 45.3% 11,449 4.9% 1,242
1964 30.4% 8,471 69.5% 19,370 0.1% 20
1960 48.1% 14,837 51.8% 15,976 0.1% 14
1956 67.4% 20,678 32.6% 9,996 0.0% 0
1952 60.1% 19,554 39.8% 12,934 0.1% 31
1948 48.9% 14,212 48.5% 14,085 2.6% 767
1944 50.5% 14,726 49.3% 14,400 0.2% 63
1940 50.7% 15,546 49.2% 15,079 0.1% 34
1936 48.5% 14,127 50.4% 14,698 1.1% 314
1932 54.1% 14,104 44.9% 11,700 1.0% 272
1928 60.3% 15,257 38.9% 9,845 0.8% 207
1924 63.2% 12,869 29.2% 5,939 7.6% 1,554
1920 66.1% 12,835 30.4% 5,911 3.5% 679
1916 54.6% 6,704 43.5% 5,347 1.9% 234
1912 42.0% 5,040 37.6% 4,508 20.4% 2,451
1908 57.0% 7,571 39.6% 5,254 3.4% 453
1904 57.3% 7,444 40.1% 5,209 2.6% 340
1900 57.4% 7,302 40.4% 5,138 2.3% 292
1896 58.4% 7,082 39.2% 4,759 2.4% 288
1892 48.4% 5,727 46.0% 5,445 5.6% 665
1888 52.2% 6,365 46.5% 5,677 1.3% 156
1884 49.6% 5,505 48.8% 5,413 1.6% 182

Western Montgomery County lies in New York's 19th Congressional District, while the Eastern half lies in New York's 20th Congressional District, the latter of which is represented in Congress by Paul Tonko, a lifelong resident of Amsterdam. While Democrats have been elected to local office, Republican candidates have a +5 margin in Presidential elections.

In 2012, voters approved a county charter under New York's municipal home rule law which established an independent county executive to head its executive branch and replacing the board of supervisors with a nine-seat county legislature.[12] Elections were held the next year and the county began operating under this charter on January 1, 2014.

County executives
Name Party Term
Matthew L. Ossenfort Republican January 1, 2014 – present

Communities

City

Towns

Villages

Census-designated place

Hamlet

Notable people

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 12, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "New York: Individual County Chronologies". New York Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. 2008. Retrieved January 10, 2015. 
  4. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved January 5, 2015. 
  5. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 5, 2015. 
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved January 5, 2015. 
  8. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 5, 2015. 
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 5, 2015. 
  10. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  11. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS
  12. ^ "Montgomery County Charter Commission". Fonda, New York: Montgomery County Charter Commission. 

External links

  • Montgomery County, NY
  • Montgomery County at Curlie (based on DMOZ)
  • Summary history of Montgomery County
  • "Fulton-Montgomery Photo Archives"
  • "Glovers and Tanners"

Coordinates: 42°55′N 74°26′W / 42.91°N 74.44°W / 42.91; -74.44

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