Montenegrin Americans

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Montenegrin Americans
Црногорски Американци
Crnogorski Amerikanci
United States Montenegro
Total population
40,000 (2014)[1]
Regions with significant populations
Alaska, California, Illinois, New York, Louisiana
Languages
English (American English dialects), Montenegrin
Religion
Montenegrin Orthodox, Roman Catholic and Muslim minority
Related ethnic groups
Montenegrins, Montenegrin Canadians, Montenegrin Australians

Montenegrin Americans are Americans who are of Montenegrin origin. Montenegrins are a nation and South Slavic ethnic group native to Montenegro.

History

Early period

At the end of the 19th and early 20th centuries, mass migration of Montenegrins into America occurred. It went in groups, but also individually. First of all, young people from the coastal part of Montenegro were leaving: Boka, Pastrovici, the surroundings of Budva, then from Crmnica, Katun nahija, Gragova, Krivosija, Vilusa, so that in a few years the departure would be extended to the region of Niksic, Bjelopavlici, Piva, Zabljak, Moraca and the whole northern part of Montenegro.

The Austro-Hungarian authorities then helped to get as many Montenegrins as possible, especially young men, to go to America to leave as few soldiers as possible in Montenegro who could go to war.

The number of emigrants has grown from year to year. According to the passport book, which was carefully conducted from 1864 to 1914 in the Kingdom of Montenegro, in the United States, according to Pavel Rovinski, there were 17 thousand young Montenegrins. This is stated in the "Glas Crnogorca", which was at that time in Cetinje, as well as in the "Slobodna Misao" newspaper in Niksic. Interesting is the fact that in 1903, in the course of five months, from the beginning of August to the end of December, 621 Montenegrins went to America. [2]

With the departure of young people through Atlantic ocean, spontaneously disappeared the first verses that best talked to the desire to get to the far rich country as soon as possible. Many Montenegrins sang a song: “Ameriko, rosno cvijeće/ nema toga ko te neće/ ni đeteta od tri ljeta/ niti starca od 100 ljeta…” Ili: “Ameriko zemljo kleta/ po tebi mi drago šeta/. Molim brata, molim kuma, /da mi zajme trista kruna/ da otidem u Čikago,/ pa da vidim moje drago/ kako radi i propada/ i daleko jade jada…” Ili: “Navijorče, vrći momke/ da s’ udaju Crnogorke…” "[2]

Communities

Today, these Montenegrins mainly live in the central and eastern United States, much of which is concentrated in New York City and Chicago, and to a lesser extent in Detroit, and recent arrivals from former Yugoslavia in the Los Angeles area.

Montenegrin Americans are found throughout the state of Alaska. About a quarter of all known Montenegrin Americans live in Anchorage. Their presence in Alaska dates back to the gold rushes of the early 20th century. A short-lived newspaper entitled Servian Montenegrin was established at the beginning of 1905 in the town of Douglas, near Juneau.[3]

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References

  1. ^ "Širom svijeta pola miliona Crnogoraca". Rtcg.me. Retrieved 2 January 2018. 
  2. ^ a b "Iz istorije crnogorskog iseljeništva". Montenegrina.net. Retrieved 25 May 2017. 
  3. ^ Nicolson, Mary C.; Slemmons, Mary Anne (1998). Alaska Newspapers On Microfilm, 1866-1998. Fairbanks/Juneau: University of Alaska Fairbanks/Alaska State Library. pp. 63–64. 
  4. ^ "Marina Abramović uspomena na oca Crnogorca je slika sa guslama". CdM.me. Retrieved 2 January 2018. 

External links

  • Montenegrins in Alaska
  • Montenegrin Emigrants in Alaska
  • Montenegrin Americans celebrating Montenegrin Independence in Chicago
  • How Montenegrin Citizens Helped U.S. Soldiers
  • Montenegrin Ohioans
  • Montenegrin graveyards in Montana


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