Mongolian nationality law

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Mongolia Citizenship Act
State emblem of Mongolia.svg
Parliament of Mongolia
An Act relating to Mongolian citizenship
Enacted by Government of Mongolia
Status: Current legislation

The Mongolian nationality law is a nationality law that determines who is a citizen of Mongolia.

Current law

Current citizenship law is guided by the 1992 Constitution of Mongolia and, more importantly, the Law of Mongolia on Citizenship.[1][2]

Obtaining citizenship

If both of the parents of a child are Mongolian - irrespective of where the child is born - then the child is automatically Mongolian. A child born to one Mongolian parent inside of Mongolia is also considered Mongolian.

A child who is within the territory of Mongolia whose parents are not identified is a Mongolian citizen.[2]

Foreigners may apply for citizenship through the President's office as well, or through a Mongolian embassy.[3]

Mongolians who are adopted by foreigners have "the right to choose his/her own nationality" according to the Family law of Mongolia, Chapter 7, Article 58.9.[4]

History

Before 1992, in the Mongolian People's Republic, citizenship by birth was determined by the nationality of the parents.[5] Any child born anywhere with at least one parent with Mongolian citizenship is also a citizen of Mongolia. Before the fall of the Soviet Union, dual citizenship between the two countries was accepted. The statute was agreed upon by the Mongolian Council of Ministers on 30 December 1974, and detailed further by an Instruction on the Fulfillment of the Statute confirmed on 11 April 1975.[5]

Loss of citizenship

Citizenship can be renounced through the President's Office.[6] However, the Mongolian government has been historically unwilling to let educated Mongolians renounce their citizenship.[7]

The involuntary loss of citizenship - exile - is banned under the constitution.[1][6]

Travel freedom

Visa requirements for Mongolian citizens

In 2016, Mongolian citizens had visa-free or visa on arrival access to 58 countries and territories, ranking the Mongolian passport 81st in the world according to the Visa Restrictions Index.

References

  1. ^ a b "The Constitution of Mongolia" (PDF). Government of Mongolia. 13 January 1992. Archived from the original (PDF) on May 8, 2005. Retrieved 20 December 2008.
  2. ^ a b "LAW OF MONGOLIA ON CITIZENSHIP" (PDF). Japanese Embassy in Mongolia. 5 June 1995. Retrieved 20 December 2008.
  3. ^ "Citizenship Laws of the World" (PDF). United States Office of Personnel Management. March 2001. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2006-04-04. Retrieved 2008-12-22.
  4. ^ Washington D.C. Mongolian embassy. Child Adoption Archived 2008-12-16 at the Wayback Machine.. Accessed 20 December 2008.
  5. ^ a b Butler, William Elliott (1982). The Mongolian Legal System: Contemporary Legislation and Documentation. BRILL. p. 843. ISBN 9789024726851.
  6. ^ a b MultipleCitizenship.com. MONGOLIA. Accessed 20 December 2008.
  7. ^ Tan, Vivian. After generations away, Kazakhs come home to an independent country. 09 Aug 2007, Reuters AlertNet. Accessed 20 November 2008.
  8. Ulanov M.S., Badmaev V.N., Matsakova N.P. Buddhism and Legal Tradition in Mongolia, in, Bylye gody. 2016. №4 http://bg.sutr.ru/pdf.html?n=1480333788.pdf

External links

  • Office of Immigration, Naturalization and Foreign Citizens
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