Mongnai State

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Mongnai (Mone)
State of the Shan States
bf. 1800–1959
Location of Mongnai State
Möng Nai State in an Imperial Gazetteer of India map
Capital Mong Nai
History
 •  State founded bf. 1800
 •  Abdication of the last Saopha 1959
Area
 •  1901 5,129 km2 (1,980 sq mi)
Population
 •  1901 44,252 
Density 8.6 /km2  (22.3 /sq mi)
The Gate at Mongnai in a picture by Sir James George Scott.

Mongnai, also known as Möngnai, Mone or Monè,[1] was a Shan state in what is today Burma. It belonged to the Eastern Division of the Southern Shan States. Its capital was Mongnai town.[2]

History

Möngnai state was founded before 1800. According to tradition a predecessor state named Saturambha had existed previously in the area.[3]

Mongnai included the substates of Kengtawng and Kenghkam. The latter was annexed in 1882.[citation needed]

Rulers (title Myoza)

  • c.1802 – 1848: Maung Shwe Paw
  • 1848 – 1850: Maung Yit
  • 1850 – 1851: U Po Ka
  • 1852: U Shwe Kyu

Rulers (title Saopha)

Ritual style Kambawsa Rahta Mahawunthiri Pawara Thudamaraza.[4]

  • 1852 – 1875: Hkun Nu Nom
  • 1875 – 1882: Hkun Kyi (1st time) (1847–1914)
  • 1882 – 1888: Twet Nga Lu (usurper) (d. 1888)
  • 1888 – 1914: Hkun Kyi (2nd time) (s.a.)
  • 1914 – 1928: Hkun Kyaw Sam
  • 1928 – 1949: Hkun Kyaw Ho (d. 1949)
  • 1949 – 1958: Sao Pye

References

  1. ^ Public Domain This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "article name needed". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 
  2. ^ Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 17, p. 405.
  3. ^ Ben Cahoon (2000). "World Statesmen.org: Shan and Karenni States of Burma". Retrieved 21 December 2010. 
  4. ^ "WHKMLA : History of the Shan States". 18 May 2010. Retrieved 21 December 2010. 

External links

  • "Gazetteer of Upper Burma and the Shan states"
  • The Imperial Gazetteer of India

Coordinates: 20°31′N 97°52′E / 20.517°N 97.867°E / 20.517; 97.867

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