Mohammed Abdul-Hayy

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Mohammed Adul-Hayy
Native name
محمد عبد الحي
Born (1944-01-01)1 January 1944
Ad-Damir, Sudan
Died 23 August 1989(1989-08-23) (aged 45)
Khartoum, Sudan
Occupation poet, literary critic
Language Arabic, English
Nationality Sudanese
Alma mater Khartoum University
University of Leeds
University of Oxford

Mohammed Abdul-Hayy (1 January 1944 – 23 August 1989) was a member of the first generation of post-colonial Sudanese writers and academics. He is regarded as a pioneer of modern poetry in Sudan.

Early life

Abdul-Hayy was born in Ad-Damir on 1 January 1944. His father worked as an architect, and his mother was the daughter of an architect.[1] Abdul-Hayy accompanied his father on his travels, giving him an understanding of the diverse and multiracial culture of Sudan. This had a great influence on his poetry, which focuses on the dilemma of identity in Sudan.

Education and academic career

Abdul-Hayy initially studied medicine, but his interests led him to change his area of study to the arts. Abdul-Hayy entered Khartoum University in 1962. While studying Abdul-Hayy was published in many Sudanese newspapers, such as Al-Rayaam.

Mohammed Abdul-Hayy was awarded a Bachelor of Arts from Khartoum University in 1967, and then appointed as teaching assistant in the English department. He then got a scholarship and was sent to England, where he was awarded a Master of Arts in English literature from Leeds University in 1970. Abdul-Hayy's thesis focused on the Scottish poet Edwin Muir. Abdul-Hayy was awarded a PhD in Comparative Literature from Oxford University in 1973. His PhD focused on the influence of American and English romantic thinking on Arabic poetry. After obtaining his PhD Abdul-Hayy returned to Sudan, teaching English and comparative literature at Khartoum University. He served as head of the Department of English from 1978 to 1980.[1] Abdul-Hayy had two daughters, Shiraz and Reel, and two sons, Waddah and Mohammed Elmoatz. Mohammed Abdul-Hayy died on 23 August 1989 in Soba University Hospital, Khartoum.


In 1973 Abdul-Hayy released his poem Alawada alla Sennar (Return to Sennar). Alawada alla Sennar focused on the Sudanese national identity, and used the Kingdom of Sennar as a historical symbol of African and Arabic coexistence. Alawada alla Sennar gained widespread acclaim within the Arab world upon publication.[1]



  • Alawada alla Sennar (Return to Sennar) (1973)
  • Moaʾalakat al isharat (The Signals) (1977)
  • Al-samandal yughanni (The Newt Sings) (1977)
  • Hadiqat al-ward al-akhirah (The Last Rose Garden) (1984)
  • Allah fizaman alʾunf" (God in the Time of Violence) (1993)


  • Ruʾt al-malik (The King's Vision) (1973)

Literary Criticism

  • Conflict and Identity: The Cultural Poetics of Contemporary Sudanese Poetry (1967)
  • The Angel and the Girl: Necessity and Liberty in Edwin Muir’s Works (1970)
  • The Greek Myth in Contemporary Arabic Poetry (1900–1950): Study in Comparative Literature (1977)
  • English Poets in Arabic: The Arab Romantics’ Knowledge of English Poetry (1900–1950): A Study in Comparative Literature (1980)
  • Tradition and English and American Influence in Arabic Romantic Poetry: A Study in Comparative Literature (1982)
  • Vision and Words: A Reading in al-Tijani Yousuf Basheer’s Poetry (1985)[1]

See also


  1. ^ a b c d Abdul-Latif, Emad (2008). "Mohammad Abdul-Hayy". In Akyeampong, Emmanuel K.; Gates, Henry Louis Jr (eds.). Dictionary of African Biography. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-538207-5.
  • Documentary research by Dr. Naja'at Mahm'od Ahmed published in [1]
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