Mitchell County, Kansas

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Mitchell County, Kansas
County
Mitchell County, Kansas courthouse from SW 1.JPG
Mitchell County courthouse in Beloit
Map of Kansas highlighting Mitchell County
Location in the U.S. state of Kansas
Map of the United States highlighting Kansas
Kansas's location in the U.S.
Founded February 26, 1867
Named for William D. Mitchell
Seat Beloit
Largest city Beloit
Area
 • Total 719 sq mi (1,862 km2)
 • Land 702 sq mi (1,818 km2)
 • Water 17 sq mi (44 km2), 2.4%
Population (est.)
 • (2016) 6,243
 • Density 9.1/sq mi (3.5/km2)
Congressional district 1st
Time zone Central: UTC−6/−5
Website County Website

Mitchell County (standard abbreviation: MC) is a county located in the U.S. state of Kansas. As of the 2010 census, the county population was 6,373.[1] The largest city and county seat is Beloit.[2]

History

Early history

For many millennia, the Great Plains of North America was inhabited by nomadic Native Americans. From the 16th century to 18th century, the Kingdom of France claimed ownership of large parts of North America. In 1762, after the French and Indian War, France secretly ceded New France to Spain, per the Treaty of Fontainebleau.

19th century

In 1802, Spain returned most of the land to France, but keeping title to about 7,500 square miles. In 1803, most of the land for modern day Kansas was acquired by the United States from France as part of the 828,000 square mile Louisiana Purchase for 2.83 cents per acre.

In 1854, the Kansas Territory was organized, then in 1861 Kansas became the 34th U.S. state. In 1867, Mitchell County was established.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 719 square miles (1,860 km2), of which 702 square miles (1,820 km2) is land and 17 square miles (44 km2) (2.4%) is water.[3]

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 485
1880 14,911 2,974.4%
1890 15,037 0.8%
1900 14,647 −2.6%
1910 14,089 −3.8%
1920 13,886 −1.4%
1930 12,774 −8.0%
1940 11,339 −11.2%
1950 10,320 −9.0%
1960 8,866 −14.1%
1970 8,010 −9.7%
1980 8,117 1.3%
1990 7,203 −11.3%
2000 6,932 −3.8%
2010 6,373 −8.1%
Est. 2016 6,243 [4] −2.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
1790-1960[6] 1900-1990[7]
1990-2000[8] 2010-2016[1]
Age pyramid

As of the census[9] of 2010, there were 6,373 people, 2,790 households, and 1,725 families residing in the county. The population density was 8.8 people per square mile (3.4/km²). There were 3,296 housing units at an average density of 4.6 per square mile (1.7/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 97.97% White, 0.20% Black or African American, 0.37% Native American, 0.29% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 0.26% from other races, and 0.80% from two or more races. 1.14% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 2,790 households out of which 24.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.29% were married couples living together, 6.23% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.17% were non-families. 33.08% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.12% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.20 and the average family size was 2.77.

In the county, the population was spread out with 21.44% under the age of 18, 8.00% from 18 to 24, 19.83% from 25 to 44, 29.67% from 45 to 64, and 21.04% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 45.6 years. For every 100 females there were 102.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 102.2 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $44,247, and the median income for a family was $54,502. Males had a median income of $30,044 versus $20,094 for females. The per capita income for the county was $23,350. About 4.90% of families and 8.26% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.04% of those under age 18 and 12.33% of those age 65 or over.

Government

Presidential elections

Presidential Elections Results
Presidential Elections Results[10]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 78.5% 2,308 16.2% 477 5.3% 157
2012 78.5% 2,327 19.7% 584 1.8% 54
2008 76.2% 2,440 21.9% 701 1.9% 62
2004 77.9% 2,609 20.7% 693 1.4% 47
2000 72.0% 2,350 23.0% 751 5.1% 165
1996 68.7% 2,435 23.5% 833 7.8% 276
1992 43.9% 1,601 25.7% 938 30.4% 1,111
1988 65.2% 2,257 33.1% 1,145 1.7% 60
1984 76.0% 3,036 23.0% 919 1.0% 41
1980 71.4% 2,821 22.2% 876 6.5% 256
1976 54.0% 2,095 43.8% 1,700 2.2% 85
1972 71.6% 2,830 26.1% 1,030 2.4% 93
1968 62.9% 2,428 29.6% 1,144 7.5% 289
1964 50.3% 1,951 48.9% 1,898 0.8% 31
1960 61.8% 2,779 37.6% 1,692 0.6% 26
1956 72.2% 3,198 27.4% 1,214 0.5% 20
1952 81.0% 4,167 18.7% 961 0.4% 18
1948 62.2% 2,998 36.3% 1,750 1.6% 75
1944 66.7% 3,238 32.5% 1,579 0.8% 40
1940 63.6% 3,681 35.6% 2,060 0.9% 51
1936 45.5% 2,781 53.8% 3,289 0.7% 41
1932 42.7% 2,502 54.2% 3,176 3.1% 181
1928 62.8% 3,245 35.9% 1,855 1.2% 64
1924 59.8% 3,161 27.8% 1,470 12.4% 656
1920 68.3% 3,310 29.1% 1,409 2.6% 126
1916 41.4% 2,413 54.9% 3,197 3.7% 215
1912 22.1% 737 43.1% 1,441 34.8% 1,163
1908 50.5% 1,765 44.9% 1,570 4.6% 160
1904 63.9% 2,037 27.2% 867 8.9% 285
1900 49.7% 1,764 47.9% 1,702 2.5% 87
1896 42.7% 1,428 56.4% 1,889 0.9% 30
1892 43.5% 1,467 56.5% 1,905
1888 55.9% 1,676 29.4% 880 14.7% 442

Laws

Following amendment to the Kansas Constitution in 1986, the county remained a prohibition, or "dry", county until 1996, when voters approved the sale of alcoholic liquor by the individual drink with a 30% food sales requirement.[11]

Education

Unified school districts

  • Waconda USD 272
  • Beloit USD 273

Private schools

Colleges and universities

Communities

2005 KDOT Map of Mitchell County (map legend)

Cities

Unincorporated communities

Townships

Mitchell County is divided into twenty townships. The city of Beloit is considered governmentally independent and is excluded from the census figures for the townships. In the following table, the population center is the largest city (or cities) included in that township's population total, if it is of a significant size.

Sources: 2000 U.S. Gazetteer from the U.S. Census Bureau.
Township FIPS Population
center
Population Population
density
/km² (/sq mi)
Land area
km² (sq mi)
Water area
km² (sq mi)
Water % Geographic coordinates
Asherville 02625 122 1 (3) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.08% 39°25′48″N 97°59′28″W / 39.43000°N 97.99111°W / 39.43000; -97.99111
Beloit 05800 Beloit 4,003 48 (125) 83 (32) 0 (0) 0.02% 39°26′40″N 98°5′33″W / 39.44444°N 98.09250°W / 39.44444; -98.09250
Bloomfield 07425 83 1 (2) 94 (36) 0 (0) 0.24% 39°20′33″N 98°6′24″W / 39.34250°N 98.10667°W / 39.34250; -98.10667
Blue Hill 07575 36 0 (1) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.36% 39°15′17″N 98°18′43″W / 39.25472°N 98.31194°W / 39.25472; -98.31194
Carr Creek 10850 31 0 (1) 84 (33) 9 (3) 9.51% 39°26′23″N 98°26′40″W / 39.43972°N 98.44444°W / 39.43972; -98.44444
Cawker 11150 Cawker City 578 8 (20) 75 (29) 17 (7) 18.68% 39°30′55″N 98°26′2″W / 39.51528°N 98.43389°W / 39.51528; -98.43389
Center 11875 49 1 (1) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.03% 39°21′26″N 98°12′2″W / 39.35722°N 98.20056°W / 39.35722; -98.20056
Custer 16875 Hunter 132 1 (4) 94 (36) 0 (0) 0.13% 39°14′56″N 98°24′53″W / 39.24889°N 98.41472°W / 39.24889; -98.41472
Eureka 21875 41 0 (1) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.38% 39°15′20″N 97°59′46″W / 39.25556°N 97.99611°W / 39.25556; -97.99611
Glen Elder 26525 Glen Elder 553 7 (18) 78 (30) 15 (6) 16.01% 39°30′32″N 98°18′49″W / 39.50889°N 98.31361°W / 39.50889; -98.31361
Hayes 30975 21 0 (1) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.03% 39°20′4″N 98°19′8″W / 39.33444°N 98.31889°W / 39.33444; -98.31889
Logan 42025 Simpson 168 2 (5) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.12% 39°21′59″N 97°56′21″W / 39.36639°N 97.93917°W / 39.36639; -97.93917
Lulu 43225 Scottsville 90 1 (3) 92 (35) 0 (0) 0% 39°31′53″N 97°58′34″W / 39.53139°N 97.97611°W / 39.53139; -97.97611
Pittsburg 56050 Tipton 346 4 (10) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.03% 39°20′31″N 98°28′3″W / 39.34194°N 98.46750°W / 39.34194; -98.46750
Plum Creek 56825 119 1 (3) 92 (36) 0 (0) 0.02% 39°30′53″N 98°5′21″W / 39.51472°N 98.08917°W / 39.51472; -98.08917
Round Springs 61500 27 0 (1) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.14% 39°15′51″N 98°11′28″W / 39.26417°N 98.19111°W / 39.26417; -98.19111
Salt Creek 62825 39 0 (1) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.37% 39°15′12″N 98°6′11″W / 39.25333°N 98.10306°W / 39.25333; -98.10306
Solomon Rapids 66450 80 1 (2) 91 (35) 0 (0) 0.14% 39°31′19″N 98°12′58″W / 39.52194°N 98.21611°W / 39.52194; -98.21611
Turkey Creek 71725 134 1 (4) 92 (36) 0 (0) 0.23% 39°26′40″N 98°12′1″W / 39.44444°N 98.20028°W / 39.44444; -98.20028
Walnut Creek 75150 42 0 (1) 88 (34) 5 (2) 5.78% 39°26′49″N 98°19′1″W / 39.44694°N 98.31694°W / 39.44694; -98.31694

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 14, 2011. Retrieved July 27, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  4. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 27, 2014. 
  6. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 27, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 27, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 27, 2014. 
  9. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  10. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS
  11. ^ "Map of Wet and Dry Counties". Alcoholic Beverage Control, Kansas Department of Revenue. November 2006. Archived from the original on 2007-10-08. Retrieved 2007-12-26. 

Further reading

  • Standard Atlas of Mitchell County, Kansas; Geo. A. Ogle & Co; 73 pages; 1917.
  • Standard Atlas of Mitchell County, Kansas; Geo. A. Ogle & Co; 56 pages; 1902.
  • Atlas of Mitchell County, Kansas; Gillen & Davy; 45 pages; 1884.

External links

County
  • Mitchell County - Official Website
  • Mitchell County - Directory of Public Officials
Maps
  • Mitchell County Maps: Current, Historic, KDOT
  • Kansas Highway Maps: Current, Historic, KDOT
  • Kansas Railroad Maps: Current, 1996, 1915, KDOT and Kansas Historical Society

Coordinates: 39°24′N 98°12′W / 39.400°N 98.200°W / 39.400; -98.200

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