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Miss Universe 2016

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Miss Universe 2016
DOT Sec Teo, Miss Universe Mittenaere and Chavit Singson (cropped).jpg
Iris Mittenaere, Miss Universe 2016
Date 30 January 2017[a]
Presenters
Entertainment
Venue Mall of Asia Arena, Pasay, Metro Manila, Philippines[4]
Broadcaster International:
Official broadcaster:
Entrants 86[5]
Placements 13[6]
Debuts
Withdrawals
Returns
Winner Iris Mittenaere
 France
Congeniality Jenny Kim
 Korea[7]
Best National Costume Htet Htet Htun
 Myanmar
Photogenic Lindita Idrizi
 Albania[7]
← 2015
2017 →

Miss Universe 2016 was the 65th Miss Universe pageant, was held on 30 January 2017[a] at the Mall of Asia Arena, Pasay, Metro Manila, Philippines. Pia Wurtzbach of the Philippines crowned Iris Mittenaere of France as her successor at the end of the event.[8][9] This is the second time in the history of the competition that the pageant skipped the entire year, following the 2014 pageant which was held in January 2015.

France's victory ended the country's 63-year title drought, the longest in Miss Universe history. Mittenaere was the first European Miss Universe in 14 years, the last being Russia's Oxana Fedorova who won in 2002 (later dethroned).

Organization

Negotiations

The agreement to host the pageant in the Philippines was signed on November 16, 2016. This agreement, made between the Miss Universe Organization, the Philippine Department of Tourism (DOT) and the LCS Group of Companies, was the result of negotiations that began about four months earlier.[10][11]

Miss Universe 2015 Pia Wurtzbach on a courtesy call with Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte.

Discussions began on July 18, 2016, when Miss Universe 2015 Pia Wurtzbach met with Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte. Although Duterte was open to the idea of having the pageant hosted by the Philippines, he did not want the government to pay the expense of doing so (but a government spokesperson later said that some "services" would be provided for the event).[12][13] About two weeks after the meeting, the Department of Tourism announced that the Philippines would be the host. A spokesperson for the Department said that, according to Miss Universe Organization president Paula Shugart, the Philippines was the organization's prime choice for hosting the pageant, although other countries were being considered.[13]

Despite the statement made by the Department of Tourism, the final decision to hold the pageant in the Philippines had not yet been made and, over the next few months, the Miss Universe Organization had changed its mind several times on the matter. Initial reports did not disclose the reasons for the breakdowns in negotiations, but a later report linked the Organization's concerns with Duterte's controversial remarks regarding U.S. President Barack Obama, as well as his plans to separate ties between the Philippines and the United States. These statements were not received well by the William Morris Entertainment/International Marketing Group (WME), the owners of the Miss Universe franchise. Duterte's statement that he would be glad to kill as many drug addicts as Adolf Hitler killed Jews during the Holocaust led to WME executive Ziv Emanuel (brother of Rahm Emanuel) to cancel the talks. Ilocos Sur governor Chavit Singson, who was also chairman of the LCS Group, sent representatives, including some Jewish friends, to the United States to persuade Emanuel to maintain his interest in a Philippines-hosted event. Duterte's later apology for his Holocaust-related remark helped in the renegotiation. Also helpful was Singson's offer to add women-empowerment programs to the pageant.[14][15]

The Miss Universe Organization's final decision came on November 3, 2016, when Wurtzbach announced via a video message that the Philippines would be the host.[10][16] The partnership agreement was signed on November 16 and, on that same day, the pageant's official website and Facebook page were launched.[10][11]

Main venue

The Mall of Asia Arena, the venue of the coronation night of Miss Universe 2016.

In September 2016, the Mall of Asia Arena in Pasay was announced to be the main coronation venue of the pageant according to the Philippine Tourism Secretary Wanda Corazon Teo.[17] The Philippine Arena in Santa Maria and Bocaue, Bulacan was the other venue considered by the Department of Tourism as the main coronation venue of the pageant, but the Miss Universe Organization disapproved of the venue due to "security reasons".[18][19]

Other aspects

The funds needed to stage the pageant in the country came entirely from private businesses. Among the reported sponsors were Philippine Airlines, the SM Group, Solar Entertainment, Filipino billionaire Henry Sy and Japanese billionaire Kazuo Okada. The Okada Manila would serve as the residential venue for the Miss Universe 2016 candidates. The projected expense for the event was US$11 million.[18][20]

The candidates were expected to arrive on January 13, 2017. The Philippine military were assigned by the Philippines national security council to serves as security escorts.[21]

A reality-documentary television program entitled Journey to the Crown: A Celebration of Beauty was shown on ETC on November 6, 2016 in the Philippines as part of marketing of the pageant.[16]

Pageant

Kick-off event

Conrad Manila, the venue of the kick-off event

A kick-off party was hosted on December 9, 2016 at Conrad Manila, a hotel in Pasay, marking the beginning of the pageant.[22][23] Eleven contestants from Asia Pacific were in attendance for the event. They were:[22]

Ancillary and other events

Alongside with the main pageant, ancillary events were held which has no effect on the contestants' total pageant score. The contestants were scheduled to participate in fashion shows in Davao, Cebu, and Vigan. Each venue had a theme; Mindanao fabric for Davao, beachwear for Cebu, and terno for Vigan. The contestants partook in a different event in Bicol.[24]

On December 13, 2016, some of the pageant's candidates had a photoshoot with whale sharks in Oslob, Cebu. This activity was criticized by Greenpeace Southeast Asia, Marine Wildlife Watch, and other wildlife conservationist groups in the Philippines who discourage human interaction with the whale sharks, as they are considered endangered species.[25] The Department of Tourism (DOT) said that there were only five candidates present and the activity was an occular inspection. Following criticisms, the DOT is considering to do the whale watching activity for the final show in Donsol, Sorsogon instead.[26]

On December 14, 2016, the DOT cancelled the fashion show originally scheduled on January 19, 2017 at the SMX Convention Center in Davao City to prevent further "controversy" following the claim of local-based designers led by the Davao Fashion and Design Council Foundation, Inc. (DFDCFI) that they have been "brushed off" by the pageant organizers. The group claimed that they were never consulted and questioned why they were asked to dress up local models instead of being in charge of pre-show cocktail of the main event which is tasked to non-Mindanaoan designer, Renee Salud. Following the cancellation announcement, the DFDCFI said that they respect the decision but urged the organizers that Davao City to remain as one of the places to be visited by the candidates.[27] On December 22, 2016, it was announced that the fashion show will push through after Salud and the DFDCFI cleared their misunderstandings and decided to help each other.[28]

The national costume show was done on January 27, 2017 which had no bearing on the preliminary scores.[29]

Preliminary competition

At the Mall of Asia Arena, all 86 contestants competed in swimwear and evening gown in front of a panel of preliminary judges. The scores from the night's event along with an interview portion determine the Top 13 during the Miss Universe broadcast. The Preliminary Competition was hosted by Pia Wurtzbach and Filipino-British actor Derek Ramsay.[citation needed]

Judges

Final program

The pageant program was initially announced to start at 5 a.m. (UTC+08:00) but it was later announced that the program was to run from 8 a.m. until 11:00 a.m.[33]

Solar Entertainment, one of the pageant's partners, was tasked to provide broadcast coverage of the competition in the Philippines.[34] In December 2016, TV5,[35] GMA Network[36] and ABS-CBN[37] secured rights to air live coverage of the pageant. Earlier in November its was reported that "all local networks" including GMA Network and TV5 will broadcast the pageant upon the request of President Rodrigo Duterte.[33]

Additionally, TV5 had exclusive rights to air the preliminary event[38] as well as exclusive Philippine digital rights. TV5 posted behind the scenes content on their online TV5 studio[39]

Presenters

Steve Harvey returned as host this year

American presenter Steve Harvey has a five year contract with the Miss Universe Organization for hosting the Miss Universe pageant. Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte expressed hesitation on Harvey hosting the event due to Harvey announcing the wrong winner at the Miss Universe 2015 pageant. In response, Philippine Department of Tourism head, Secretary Wanda Teo proposed the idea of having a Filipino woman co-host the event to neutralize the president's displeasure.[40] On November 3, 2016, Harvey was confirmed to return as host.[16]

American model Ashley Graham served as the backstage host.[41][42]

Judges

Judge panel of Miss Universe 2016.

Performers

American entertainers Flo Rida and Boyz II Men were the musical performers at the final program of the pageant.[43][44]

Program

Miss Universe 2016 Iris Mittenaere greets fans in a press conference held after the event.

The twelve women who garnered the highest scores following the preliminary swimsuit and evening gown competition held on January 26 and the subsequent closed door interviews, were named as part of the Top 13. The 13th candidate, Chalita Suansane of Thailand, was determined through online voting results.[45] After the swimsuit presentation from the 13 remaining candidates, nine candidates were selected with the highest garnered average score from the judges and the global online vote.[46]

Three were then eliminated and the Top 6 candidates proceeded to the question-and-answer portion, where they were asked questions regarding international or their country's affairs.[47][48] The candidates of France, Colombia and Thailand used a language interpreter. The final three was then announced and all were asked the same question; They were asked regarding a failure over the course of their life and how they dealt with it. Miss France was announced as Miss Universe 2016.[49]

Best National Costume

During the final program, the winner of the National Costume Show held on January 27, 2016 was announced. Miss Myanmar, Htet Htet Htun, was awarded the Best National Costume. Her costume, which weighed 40 kilograms (88 lb), featured the Shwedagon Pagoda and the Bagan temples, which she says represents the princess of figures of Myanmar traditional puppetry.[50]

After party

An after party event was held at the Okada Manila hotel. During this event, Jenny Kim of Korea was given the Miss Congeniality award while Lindita Idrizi of Albania was given the Miss Photogenic award. The awards were not announced during the final program due to lack of time.[51]

Results

Placements

Final placements for Miss Universe 2016:
  Miss Universe 2016
  1st Runner-up
  2nd Runner-up
  Top 6
  Top 9
  Top 13
  14th–86th
Final results Contestant
Miss Universe 2016
1st Runner-Up
2nd Runner-Up
Top 6
Top 9
Top 13

§ Voted into the Top 13 by viewers.

Contestants

86 contestants competed for the title of Miss Universe 2016:[52]

Country/Territory Contestant Age Height Hometown
Albania Albania Lindita Idrizi 20 5 ft 11 in (180 cm) Elbasan
Angola Angola Luísa Baptista 21 5 ft 9 in (175 cm) Cuando Cubango
Argentina Argentina Estefanía Bernal 21 5 ft 8 in (173 cm) Buenos Aires
Aruba Aruba Charlene Leslie 24 5 ft 11 in (180 cm) Oranjestad
Australia Australia Caris Tiivel 23 5 ft 10 in (178 cm) Perth
Austria Austria Dajana Dzinic 21 5 ft 7 in (170 cm) Vienna
The Bahamas Bahamas Cherell Williamson 24 6 ft 0 in (183 cm) Nassau
Barbados Barbados Shannon Harris 22 5 ft 9 in (175 cm) Bridgetown
Belgium Belgium Stephanie Geldhof[replacements 1] 19 5 ft 8 in (173 cm) Aalst
Belize Belize Rebecca Rath 23 5 ft 8 in (173 cm) Dangriga
Bolivia Bolivia Antonella Moscatelli[replacements 2] 21 5 ft 9 in (175 cm) Santa Cruz
Brazil Brazil Raissa Santana 21 5 ft 9 in (175 cm) Itaberaba
British Virgin Islands British Virgin Islands Erika Creque 22 5 ft 6 in (168 cm) Road Town
Bulgaria Bulgaria Violina Ancheva 21 5 ft 8 in (173 cm) Sofia
Canada Canada Siera Bearchell 23 5 ft 9 in (175 cm) Moose Jaw
Cayman Islands Cayman Islands Monyque Brooks 25 5 ft 9 in (175 cm) West Bay
Chile Chile Catalina Cáceres 26 5 ft 9 in (175 cm) Santiago
China China Li Zhenying 21 5 ft 10 in (178 cm) Shanghai
Colombia Colombia Andrea Tovar 23 5 ft 10 in (178 cm) Quibdó
Costa Rica Costa Rica Carolina Rodríguez 27 5 ft 7 in (170 cm) Alajuela
Croatia Croatia Barbara Filipović 19 5 ft 9 in (175 cm) Zagreb
Curaçao Curaçao Chanelle de Lau 21 5 ft 11 in (180 cm) Willemstad
Czech Republic Czech Republic Andrea Bezděková 21 5 ft 9 in (175 cm) Prague
Denmark Denmark Christina Mikkelsen 24 5 ft 9 in (175 cm) Copenhagen
Dominican Republic Dominican Republic Rosalba Garcías 24 5 ft 11 in (180 cm) Maimón
Ecuador Ecuador Connie Jiménez 21 5 ft 9 in (175 cm) Ventanas
Finland Finland Shirly Karvinen 24 5 ft 7 in (170 cm) Helsinki
France France Iris Mittenaere 24 5 ft 8 in (173 cm) Paris
Georgia (country) Georgia Nuka Karalashvili 25 5 ft 8 in (173 cm)[53] Tbilisi
Germany Germany Johanna Acs 24 5 ft 10 in (178 cm) Eschweiler
United Kingdom Great Britain Jaime-Lee Faulkner 27 5 ft 8 in (173 cm) Sheffield
Guam Guam Muñeka Taisipic 19 5 ft 6 in (168 cm) Yona
Guatemala Guatemala Virginia Argueta 22 5 ft 7 in (170 cm) Jutiapa
Guyana Guyana Soyini Fraser 26 5 ft 10 in (178 cm) Georgetown
Haiti Haiti Raquel Pélissier 25 5 ft 11 in (180 cm) Port-au-Prince
Honduras Honduras Sirey Moran 26 5 ft 9 in (175 cm) El Progreso
Hungary Hungary Veronika Bodizs 24 5 ft 8 in (173 cm) Budapest
Iceland Iceland Hildur María Leifsdóttir 24 5 ft 6 in (168 cm) Kópavogur
India India Roshmitha Harimurthy 22 5 ft 9 in (175 cm) Bangalore
Indonesia Indonesia Kezia Warouw 25 6 ft 0 in (183 cm) Manado
Israel Israel Yam Kaspers Anshel 18 5 ft 10 in (178 cm) Herzliya
Italy Italy Sophia Sergio 24 6 ft 0 in (183 cm) Naples
Jamaica Jamaica Isabel Dalley 20 6 ft 2 in (188 cm) Montego Bay
Japan Japan Sari Nakazawa 23 5 ft 7 in (170 cm) Shiga
Kazakhstan Kazakhstan Darina Kulsitova[replacements 3] 19 5 ft 6 in (168 cm) Semey
Kenya Kenya Mary Esther Were 27 5 ft 11 in (180 cm) Nairobi
South Korea Korea Jenny Kim[replacements 4] 23 5 ft 8 in (173 cm) Seoul
Kosovo Kosovo Camila Barraza 23 5 ft 10 in (178 cm) Pristina
Malaysia Malaysia Kiran Jassal 20 5 ft 7 in (170 cm) Subang Jaya
Malta Malta Martha Fenech 26 5 ft 7 in (170 cm) St. Julian's
Mauritius Mauritius Kushboo Ramnawaj[replacements 5] 26 5 ft 8 in (173 cm) Rivière Du Poste
Mexico Mexico Kristal Silva 25 5 ft 10 in (178 cm) Ciudad Victoria
Myanmar Myanmar Htet Htet Htun 24 5 ft 7 in (170 cm) Yangon
Namibia Namibia Lizelle Esterhuizen 20 6 ft 0 in (183 cm) Windhoek
Netherlands Netherlands Zoey Ivory 23 5 ft 11 in (180 cm) Almere
New Zealand New Zealand Tania Dawson 24 5 ft 5 in (165 cm) Auckland
Nicaragua Nicaragua Marina Jacoby 21 5 ft 8 in (173 cm) Matagalpa
Nigeria Nigeria Unoaku Anyadike[designations 1] 22 6 ft 0 in (183 cm) Lagos
Norway Norway Christina Waage 21 5 ft 8 in (173 cm) Nes
Panama Panama Keity Drennan[designations 2] 26 5 ft 9 in (175 cm) Panama City
Paraguay Paraguay Andrea Melgarejo 22 5 ft 10 in (178 cm) Villarrica
Peru Peru Valeria Piazza 26 5 ft 9 in (175 cm) Lima
Philippines Philippines Maxine Medina 26 5 ft 8 in (173 cm) Quezon City
Poland Poland Izabella Krzan 21 5 ft 11 in (180 cm) Olsztyn
Portugal Portugal Flávia Brito 23 5 ft 7 in (170 cm) Vilamoura
Puerto Rico Puerto Rico Brenda Jiménez[replacements 6] 22 5 ft 10 in (178 cm) Aguadilla
Romania Romania Teodora Dan[designations 3] 27 5 ft 9 in (175 cm) Bucharest
Russia Russia Yuliana Korolkova[replacements 7] 22 5 ft 8 in (173 cm) Orsk
Sierra Leone Sierra Leone Hawa Kamara 26 5 ft 7 in (170 cm) Freetown
Singapore Singapore Cheryl Chou 20 5 ft 6 in (168 cm) Singapore
Slovakia Slovak Republic Zuzana Kollárová 25 5 ft 8 in (173 cm) Bratislava
Slovenia Slovenia Lucija Potočnik 25 5 ft 8 in (173 cm) Maribor
South Africa South Africa Ntandoyenkosi Kunene 24 5 ft 9 in (175 cm) Mkhondo
Spain Spain Noelia Freire 24 5 ft 8 in (173 cm) Ciudad Real
Sri Lanka Sri Lanka Jayathi De Silva 26 5 ft 8 in (173 cm) Colombo
Sweden Sweden Ida Ovmar 21 5 ft 8 in (173 cm) Luleå
Switzerland Switzerland Dijana Cvijetić[designations 4] 23 5 ft 7 in (170 cm) Gossau
Tanzania Tanzania Jihan Dimachk 20 5 ft 9 in (175 cm) Dar es Salaam
Thailand Thailand Chalita Suansane 22 5 ft 7 in (170 cm) Samut Prakan
Turkey Turkey Tansu Sila Çakir 21 5 ft 8 in (173 cm) Istanbul
Ukraine Ukraine Alena Spodynyuk 19 5 ft 11 in (180 cm) Kiev
Uruguay Uruguay Magdalena Cohendet 22 5 ft 8 in (173 cm) Artigas
United States United States Deshauna Barber 27 5 ft 9 in (175 cm) Washington, D.C.
United States Virgin Islands US Virgin Islands Carolyn Carter[designations 5] 27 5 ft 7 in (170 cm) Saint Croix
Venezuela Venezuela Mariam Habach 21 6 ft 0 in (183 cm) El Tocuyo
Vietnam Vietnam Đặng Thị Lệ Hằng[designations 6] 23 5 ft 9 in (175 cm) Đà Nẵng

Designations

  1. ^ NIGERIA — Unoaku Anyadike MBGN 2015 was appointed to compete at Miss Universe 2016 by Silverbird Group, the license holder for Miss Universe in Nigeria after MBGN 2016 pageant was cancelled because of economic recession plaguing the country. Anyadike was crowned MBGN 2015 and was sent to Miss World 2015.
  2. ^ PANAMA — Keity Drennan was appointed Señorita Panamá 2016 at a small ceremony organized by Justine Pasek and Cesar Anel Rodríguez, the national directors of the Señorita Panamá pageant, after they were appointed the new franchise holders for Miss Universe in Panama. Previously, Medcom Corporation, under the direction of Marisela Moreno, held the franchise for Miss Universe in Panama.[citation needed]
  3. ^ ROMANIA — Teodora Dan was appointed as "Miss Universe Romania 2016" after a casting call was held by the national director Ernest Hadrian Böhm, who obtained the franchise license of Miss Universe in Romania.[56]
  4. ^ SWITZERLAND — Dijana Cvijetić was appointed Miss Universe Switzerland 2016 by Veeranda Aeberli, the new national director of the Miss Universe Switzerland pageant, because of a lack of time to hold the country pageant. Previously, François Matthey held the franchise for Miss Universe in Switzerland.[citation needed]
  5. ^ U.S. VIRGIN ISLANDS — Carolyn Carter was chosen as Miss Universe US Virgin Islands 2016 by Tom Youth, the national director of the Miss Universe US Virgin Islands pageant.[citation needed]
  6. ^ VIETNAM — Dang Thi Le Hang was appointed Miss Universe Vietnam 2016 by Tony Nguyen Quoc Toan, the national director of the Miss Universe Vietnam pageant. Dang was the 2nd runner-up at the 2015 Miss Universe Vietnam pageant.[citation needed]

Replacements

  1. ^ BELGIUM — Stephanie Geldhof was appointed to compete at Miss Universe 2016 by Darline Devos, the President of the Miss Belgium pageant, as a replacement to Lenty Frans, Miss Belgium 2016, who will only compete at the Miss World 2016 pageant due to conflicting schedules with the Miss Belgium 2017 pageant slated for early January 2017. Geldhof was the 1st runner-up at the Miss Belgium 2016 pageant.[citation needed]
  2. ^ BOLIVIA — Paula Schneider was crowned Miss Bolivia Universo 2015 and was entitled to compete at the Miss Universe 2016 pageant; however, Schneider resigned in January 2016 citing personal reasons.[citation needed] Antonella Moscatelli, Miss Bolivia Universo 2016, replaced Schneider as Bolivia’s representative at the 2016 Miss Universe pageant.
  3. ^ KAZAKHSTAN — Darina Kulsitova was appointed to compete at Miss Universe 2016 by the Miss Kazakhstan Organization after the original winner of Miss Kazakhstan 2015, Regina Valter was disqualified after getting married. The announcement was made a day before the contestants would officially start arriving in the Philippines. Darina previously competed at the Miss Kazakhstan 2014 national pageant.
  4. ^ KOREA — Jenny Kim was appointed to compete at Miss Universe 2016 by Park Jeong-ah, the national director of the Miss Universe Korea pageant and also the new franchise holder for Miss Universe in Korea. Kim replaces Min-ji Lee, Mission Korea 2015, who would not compete at the Miss Universe 2016 pageant after Hanju E&M, the organizers of the Miss Korea pageant, lost the Miss Universe franchise. Coincidentally, Park Jeong-ah also holds the franchise for Miss World in Korea, and Kim was the 1st runner-up at the Miss World Korea 2015 pageant.[citation needed]
  5. ^ MAURITIUS — Kushboo Ramnawaj was handpicked to represent Mauritius at Miss Universe 2016 by Nevin Rupear, the national director of the Estrella Mauritius Organisation, after he was appointed the new franchise holder for Miss Universe in Mauritius. Ramnawaj replaces Danika Atchia, Miss Mauritius 2015, who was crowned by the previous franchise holder Primerose Obeegadoo and would have represented Mauritius at Miss Universe 2016 otherwise. Ramnawaj was apparently crowned Miss Mauritius 2014 and was supposed to compete at the Miss Universe 2015 pageant but was replaced because of a disagreement with the former franchise holder.[54]
  6. ^ PUERTO RICO — Brenda Jimenez was crowned as the new Miss Universe Puerto Rico 2016 by Desiree Lowry, the national director of the Miss Universe Puerto Rico pageant, after Kristhielee Caride, the original winner, was dethroned due to her dismissive behaviour.[55] Later, Caride challenged her dethronement in court, which ruled against her. Jiménez represented the municipality of Aguadilla at Miss Universe Puerto Rico 2016 and was the 1st runner-up at the pageant.[citation needed]
  7. ^ RUSSIA — Yuliana Korolkova was appointed Miss Universe Russia 2016 by the Miss Russia Organization as a replacement to Yana Dobrovolskaya, the winner of the Miss Russia 2016 pageant, who will compete only at Miss World 2016 due to the conflicting schedules of the two international pageants. The winner of the Miss Russia pageant usually participates at both Miss Universe and Miss World pageants. Korolkova represented Orenburg Oblast at Miss Russia 2016 and was the 1st runner-up at the pageant.[57]

.

Withdrawals

  •  Ghana — No national pageant held after RAC (Roberta Annan Consulting), the former license holder in Ghana, parted away with the organization.[58]

Debuts

Returns

Notes

  1. ^ a b The event was held at 8:00 am Philippine Standard Time (UTC+08:00); for the Americas, this was January 29 in their local times including the United States.[1]

Miss France became the second French Miss Universe. Miss Canada became a hot topic with her body positive message. The placements reduced from the annual Top 15, to Top 13. Kenya became the first Kenyan to place. Miss Argentina mentioned in an interview that she caught her roommate Kristal Silva Miss Mexico sniffing Miss Nicaraguas lingerie. Haiti achieved 1st runner up for a second time.

References

  1. ^ "2016 Miss Universe Pageant Results". Miss Universe Organization. 
  2. ^ "Excited to announce that I will be performing at #MissUniverse premiering Sunday, January 29 on". Instagram. January 18, 2017. 
  3. ^ "Boyz II Men to perform in Miss Universe 2016". Rappler. January 26, 2017. 
  4. ^ "Miss Universe pageant to be held in PH – Pia Wurtzbach confirms". Rappler. November 3, 2016. Retrieved November 3, 2016. 
  5. ^ "About the Competition". Miss Universe Organization. 
  6. ^ Competition Rules. Miss Universe Organization
  7. ^ a b Domingo, Katrina (January 30, 2017). "Who won Miss Congeniality, Miss Photogenic in Miss Universe pageant?". ABS-CBN News. Retrieved January 30, 2017. 
  8. ^ Mehta, Ankita. "Miss Universe 2016 winner is Miss France Iris Mittenaere". ibtimes. Retrieved 30 January 2017. 
  9. ^ McDermott, Maeve (30 January 2017). "Miss France Iris Mittenaere is crowned Miss Universe 2017". USA Today. 
  10. ^ a b c "Final date, venue of next Miss Universe pageant announced". ABS-CBN News. November 3, 2016. Retrieved November 3, 2016. 
  11. ^ a b "LOOK: Contract signed for Miss Universe 2016 in Philippines". ABS-CBN News. November 16, 2016. Retrieved November 16, 2016. 
  12. ^ Vila, Alixandra Caole (July 28, 2016). "Philippines to host Miss Universe coronation night in 2017". The Philippine Star. Retrieved July 29, 2016. 
  13. ^ a b Montano, Isabella (July 29, 2016). "Philippines to host Miss Universe 2016". CNN Philippines. Retrieved July 29, 2016. 
  14. ^ Enriquez, Marge (December 4, 2016). "Chavit Singson: What really happened behind the scenes of Miss U". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved December 6, 2016. 
  15. ^ Flores, Karen (November 3, 2016). "Did you know? Miss Universe in PH almost didn't push through". ABS-CBN News. Retrieved November 21, 2016. 
  16. ^ a b c "It's official: Miss Universe in PH will push through—DOT". Philippine Daily Inquirer. November 3, 2016. Retrieved November 3, 2016. 
  17. ^ "Duterte doesn't like Steve Harvey to host Miss Universe". ABS-CBN News. September 1, 2016. Retrieved September 1, 2016. 
  18. ^ a b "Chavit Singson secures major sponsors for Miss Universe 2016". Rappler. August 29, 2016. Retrieved September 1, 2016. 
  19. ^ Requintina, Robert (August 2, 2016). "PH eyes MOA or Philippine Arena as venue for Miss Universe 2016" (in English and Filipino). Tempo. Retrieved August 2, 2016. 
  20. ^ "DOT confirms PHL hosting of Miss Universe 2016". LCS Group of Companies: Official Sponsor of 65th Miss Universe. November 28, 2016. Retrieved November 28, 2016. 
  21. ^ Gita, Ruth Abbey (September 1, 2016). "Duterte unhappy on Steve Harvey hosting Miss Universe". Sun.Star Manila. Retrieved September 3, 2016. 
  22. ^ a b Concepcion, Eton (December 13, 2016). "Miss Universe 2016 is on". Manila Standard. Retrieved December 14, 2016. 
  23. ^ "The #65th Miss Universe Kick-Off Event". 
  24. ^ Tantungco, Vernise (November 19, 2016). "Miss Universe candidates to visit these PH sites". Rappler. Retrieved November 21, 2016. 
  25. ^ "Miss Universe criticized for whale shark swim in Cebu". ABS-CBN News. Agence France-Presse. December 13, 2016. Retrieved December 14, 2016. 
  26. ^ Angeles, Peach (December 14, 2016). "Miss Universe 2016: Why Whale Shark Watching In Oslob May Be Excluded In Final Show". International Business Times. Retrieved December 14, 2016. 
  27. ^ Boga, Jesse Pizarro (December 14, 2016). "DOT cancels Miss Universe fashion show in Davao due to 'controversy'". MindaNews. Mindanao News and Information Center Service Cooperative. Retrieved December 14, 2016. 
  28. ^ "Miss Universe 2016 pageant, mapapanood sa ABS-CBN". ABS-CBNnews.com. ABS-CBN News and Current Affairs. December 22, 2016. Retrieved December 27, 2016. 
  29. ^ Henson-Hizon, Nicolette; Tan, Lara (30 January 2017). "Miss Universe national costume show: Spectacular, outlandish, challenging". CNN Philippines. Retrieved 30 January 2017. 
  30. ^ a b c d e "Miss Universe Preliminary competition Judges". MUO. Retrieved January 26, 2017. 
  31. ^ a b Upbin, Bruce. "Francine LeFrak: Women Can Exit Poverty Through Business". 
  32. ^ a b c d e f g "Miss Universe 2016 Judges". MUO. Retrieved January 25, 2017. 
  33. ^ a b Montano, Isabella (November 17, 2016). "Miss Universe coronation not at 5 a.m." CNN Philippines. Retrieved November 17, 2016. 
  34. ^ Adina, Arman P. (November 16, 2016). "Miss Universe pageant will push through in PH in January, 2017". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved November 17, 2016. 
  35. ^ Lo, Ricky (December 19, 2016). "TV5 beefs up 2017 line-up". The Philippine Star. Retrieved December 28, 2016. 
  36. ^ Rodriguez, Bea (December 15, 2016). "GMA Network secures a partnership with Solar Entertainment for Miss Universe 2017 coverage". GMA Network. Retrieved December 15, 2016. 
  37. ^ "ABS-CBN signs deal to air 65th Miss Universe". ABS-CBN News. December 22, 2016. Retrieved December 22, 2016. 
  38. ^ "WATCH Miss Universe contestants share 'fun' in whirlwind PH tour during visit to TV5 studios". News5. December 12, 2016. Retrieved December 15, 2016. 
  39. ^ "Pageant Night, Swimsuit Competition at Long Gown sa Miss Universe 2017 (sic), ieere sa TV5" [Pageant Night, Swimsuit Competition and Long Gown [competition] of Miss Universe 2017 (sic), to be aired in TV5] (in Filipino). Hataw. December 14, 2016. Retrieved December 15, 2016. 
  40. ^ "DOT chief: 'Let's give Steve Harvey a chance'". The Manila Times. September 4, 2016. Retrieved September 5, 2016. 
  41. ^ "2016 Miss Universe Hosts". Miss Universe. Retrieved December 14, 2016. 
  42. ^ "Steve Harvey returns to host "Miss Universe Pageant" Jan. 29 on Fox; Ashley Graham to serve as backstage host". cleveland.com. Retrieved December 14, 2016. 
  43. ^ "¡Nuevo Show! Los polémicos cambios que tenderá Miss Universo 2016" [New Show! The controversial changes [from the previous edition] to Miss Universe 2016]. Televisa (in Spanish). Televisa S.A. January 24, 2017. El espectáculo musical estará a cargo de Bruno Mars y Flo Rida, quienes cantarán en la gala final. [The musical show which will be done at the final night will be led by Bruno Mars and Flo Rida] 
  44. ^ "Miss Universe Instagram". MUO. Retrieved January 26, 2017. missuniverseNEWS: Grammy Award-winning, iconic R&B group @BoyzIIMen will perform at #MissUniverse. Tune in live: January 29 at 7/6c on @FOXTV. 
  45. ^ "Miss Universe top 13 candidates revealed". The Manila Times. 30 January 2017. Retrieved 30 January 2017. 
  46. ^ Tan, Larry (30 January 2017). "Maxine Medina makes it to Miss Universe Top 6". CNN Philippines. Retrieved 30 January 2017. 
  47. ^ "Miss Universe 2016 Live Updates: Top Six Finalists Revealed, Miss Philippines Makes It To The List". International Business Times. IBT Media Inc. 30 January 2017. Retrieved 30 January 2017. 
  48. ^ Garcia (30 January 2017). "Maxine Medina bows out of Miss Universe after reaching Top 6". CNN Philippines. Retrieved 30 January 2017. 
  49. ^ Viray, Patricia Lourdes (30 January 2017). "FULL TEXT: 65th Miss Universe Q&A with top 6, final 3". The Philippine Star. Retrieved 20 January 2018. 
  50. ^ Cayabyab, Marc Jayson (30 January 2017). "Miss Myanmar wins best national costume award". Inquirer.net. Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved 30 January 2017. 
  51. ^ "Miss Korea, Albania bag Miss Universe special awards". Philippine Star. 31 January 2017. Retrieved 1 February 2017. 
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  53. ^ When competing at the Miss World 2015 pageant, Karalashvili's height was given as 179 cm (5 ft 10 in). See "Georgia 2015". missworld.com. Retrieved 19 October 2017. 
  54. ^ "Miss Universe and WME-IMG implements new rule for Miss Universe Beauty Pageant". www.thetrendingfacts.com. October 15, 2016. 
  55. ^ "Kristhielee Caride destituida de su corona de Miss Universe Puerto Rico" (in Spanish). Metro Digital. March 17, 2016. Retrieved March 17, 2016. 
  56. ^ "Teodora Dan, is the Miss Universo Romania 2016.Look that she is beautiful!". Dc News Romania. December 23, 2016. 
  57. ^ "Названы российские участницы конкурсов "Мисс мира" и "Мисс Вселенная"" (in Russian). Missosology. November 2, 2016. 
  58. ^ STATEMENT: RAC Part Ways with Miss Universe Ghana Pageant Archived 2017-05-10 at the Wayback Machine.. glammynews (February 29, 2016)

External links

  • Miss Universe Organization Website
  • 65th Miss Universe Official Website
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