Miss Macao

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Miss Macao
Hijacking summary
Date 16 July 1948[1]
Summary Hijacking resulting in crash, robbery
Site Jiuzhou Yang (Pearl River Delta)
Passengers 23[2]
Crew 3[2][3]
Fatalities 25
Injuries (non-fatal) 1
Survivors 1 (lead hijacker)
Aircraft type Consolidated PBY-5A Catalina
Operator Macau Air Transport Company
(Cathay Pacific subsidiary)
Registration VR-HDT
Flight origin Macau
Destination Hong Kong

Miss Macao (traditional Chinese: 澳門小姐; simplified Chinese: 澳门小姐; pinyin: Àomén xiǎojie; Wade–Giles: Ao-men Hsiao-chieh; Sidney Lau: O3 Moon4 Siu2 Je2) was a Catalina seaplane owned by Cathay Pacific and operated by a subsidiary. On 16 July 1948 it was involved in the first hijacking of a commercial aircraft.[2] Piracy for robbery and ransom was the motive.[4][5]

The lone survivor, Wong Yu (黄裕; 黃裕; Huáng Yù; Wong4 Yue6), confessed to membership of the gang of four pirates who attempted the hijacking (then simply labelled "piracy"), met fierce resistance during which the pilot was shot, but survived by jumping out the emergency exit just before the plane hit the water. The object of the plot was to rob wealthy passengers and hold them for ransom.[6] He was brought to court by the Macau police, but the Macau court suggested that the prosecution should be brought in Hong Kong instead, since the plane was registered in Hong Kong and most of the passengers were from there. However, the British colonial government in Hong Kong stated that the incident happened over Chinese territory in which the British had no jurisdiction. Since no state claimed authority to try him, Wong was released without trial from Macau prison on 11 June 1951, and was then deported to China (by then the People's Republic of China).[1]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Footer, Mark (20 July 2008). "Flight of no return: How a Cathay Pacific plane became the first hijacked commercial airliner". South China Morning Post. Retrieved 15 October 2016. 
  2. ^ a b c Eather, Charles (1983). Syd's Pirates – A Story of an Airline: Cathay Pacific Airways. Australia: Durnmount. ISBN 978-0-949756-05-3. 
  3. ^ "Catalina – Aviation's first act of armed piracy". 1 August 2002. Retrieved 15 May 2010. 
  4. ^ "Flights of fancy Issue 10". 1 November 2008. Archived from the original on 8 August 2014. Retrieved 15 May 2010. 
  5. ^ "Pilots & Pirates". Time. 9 September 1948. Retrieved 15 May 2010.  "Since piracy laws don't yet cover air piracy, he will probably be charged with simple murder."
  6. ^ "On This Day: First Commercial Flight Hijacked". 16 July 2010. Archived from the original on 3 January 2012. Retrieved 24 March 2013. 

Coordinates: 22°10′55″N 113°44′38″E / 22.182°N 113.744°E / 22.182; 113.744

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