Mirny Station

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Mirny Station

Мирный
Mirny Station in 2007
Mirny Station in 2007
Location of Mirny Station in Antarctica
Location of Mirny Station in Antarctica
Mirny Station
Location of Mirny Station in Antarctica
Coordinates: 66°33′11″S 93°00′35″E / 66.553122°S 93.009724°E / -66.553122; 93.009724Coordinates: 66°33′11″S 93°00′35″E / 66.553122°S 93.009724°E / -66.553122; 93.009724
Country  Soviet Union
 Russia
Location in Antarctica Australian Antarctic Territory
Administered by Arctic and Antarctic Research Institute
Operational 2 January 1956 (1956-13-02)
Named for Mirny
Population
 • Total Up to 55
Type All-year round
Period Annual
Status Operational
Website www.aari.nw.ru

The Mirny Station (Russian: Мирный, literally Peaceful) is a Russian (formerly Soviet) first Antarctic science station[1] located in Queen Mary Land, Antarctica, on the Antarctic coast of the Davis Sea.

The station is managed by the Arctic and Antarctic Research Institute and was named after the support vessel Mirny captained by Mikhail Lazarev during the First Russian Antarctic Expedition, led by Fabian Gottlieb von Bellingshausen on Vostok.

Purpose and facilities

The station was opened on February 13, 1956 by the 1st Soviet Antarctic Expedition. It was originally used as main base for the Vostok Station located 1,400 kilometres (870 mi) from the coast, this function is now served by Progress Station.[2] In summer, it hosts up to 169-200 people in 30 buildings, in winter about 40-50 scientists and technicians. The average temperature at the location is −11 °C (12 °F), and on more than 200 days per year the wind is stronger than 15 metres per second (49 ft/s), with occasional cyclones.

Main areas of research are glaciology, seismology, meteorology, observation of polar lights, cosmic radiation, and marine biology.

Historic monuments

Some 2 kilometres (1.2 mi) south of the station stands a metal stele with an inscribed plaque. It was erected on a sledge on the land transport route between coastal Mirny and inland Vostok Station. It commemorates Anatoly Shcheglov, a driver-mechanic who died while performing his duties. It has been designated a Historic Site or Monument (HSM 8) following a proposal by Russia to the Antarctic Treaty Consultative Meeting. Other similarly designated historic sites in the vicinity of Mirny are Ivan Khmara's Stone (HSM 7) and the Buromskiy Island Cemetery (HSM 9), both on Buromskiy Island 2.7 kilometres (1.7 mi) north of the station.[3]

Climate

Climate graph of 1956-2012 air average temperatures at Mirny Sta.

Mirny Station has an ice cap climate, since all months are below 0 °C (32 °F). Although, it is heavily influenced by the glacial nature of Antarctica's interior, it retains a strong maritime influence, resulting in high annual snowfall. Summers however, are sunny and dry, reflecting a mediterranean precipitation pattern, in spite of its poleward latitude and cold temperatures. Summer see highs approaching 2 °C (36 °F) on average, whereas winters are stable just below −15 °C (5 °F) means for several months.

Climate data for Mirny Station
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 1.1
(34.0)
−1.8
(28.8)
−6.9
(19.6)
−10.8
(12.6)
−12.3
(9.9)
−12.2
(10.0)
−13.3
(8.1)
−13.8
(7.2)
−13.2
(8.2)
−9.8
(14.4)
−3.7
(25.3)
0.4
(32.7)
−8.0
(17.6)
Daily mean °C (°F) −1.8
(28.8)
−5.3
(22.5)
−10.2
(13.6)
−13.9
(7.0)
−15.5
(4.1)
−15.4
(4.3)
−16.6
(2.1)
−17.0
(1.4)
−16.4
(2.5)
−13.4
(7.9)
−7.2
(19.0)
−2.6
(27.3)
−11.3
(11.7)
Average low °C (°F) −4.6
(23.7)
−8.4
(16.9)
−13.0
(8.6)
−16.7
(1.9)
−18.5
(−1.3)
−18.3
(−0.9)
−19.6
(−3.3)
−20.2
(−4.4)
−19.3
(−2.7)
−16.6
(2.1)
−10.3
(13.5)
−5.5
(22.1)
−14.2
(6.4)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 14.8
(0.58)
17.1
(0.67)
31.2
(1.23)
43.5
(1.71)
57.3
(2.26)
70.3
(2.77)
71.7
(2.82)
62.1
(2.44)
57.9
(2.28)
43.5
(1.71)
34.0
(1.34)
23.7
(0.93)
527.1
(20.74)
Average relative humidity (%) 72.5 70.5 71.6 73.9 74.7 76.0 75.1 74.2 72.8 70.1 70.4 72.4 72.9
Mean monthly sunshine hours 278.7 214.4 153.2 95.4 32.3 1.7 11.1 66.9 125.8 234.6 290.7 354.2 1,859
Source: Arctic and Antarctic Research Institute[4]

See also

References

  1. ^ "ANTARCTICA: Mirny Station". Retrieved June 16, 2019.
  2. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on May 20, 2010. Retrieved February 16, 2006.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  3. ^ "List of Historic Sites and Monuments approved by the ATCM (2012)" (PDF). Antarctic Treaty Secretariat. 2012. Retrieved October 25, 2013.
  4. ^ "Mirny observatory (89592)". Arctic and Antarctic Research Institute. Retrieved November 2, 2015.

External links

  • AARI Mirny Station page
  • Official website Arctic and Antarctic Research Institute
  • COMNAP Antarctic Facilities (Archived April 24, 2008, at the Wayback Machine)
  • COMNAP Antarctic Facilities Map (Archived September 15, 2009, at the Wayback Machine)


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