Mira-Bhayandar

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Mira-Bhayandar
Suburb
High-rise residential apartments in Mira Road (East)
High-rise residential apartments in Mira Road (East)
Mira-Bhayandar is located in Mumbai
Mira-Bhayandar
Mira-Bhayandar
Location in Maharashtra, India
Mira-Bhayandar is located in Maharashtra
Mira-Bhayandar
Mira-Bhayandar
Mira-Bhayandar (Maharashtra)
Mira-Bhayandar is located in India
Mira-Bhayandar
Mira-Bhayandar
Mira-Bhayandar (India)
Coordinates: 19°17′N 72°51′E / 19.29°N 72.85°E / 19.29; 72.85Coordinates: 19°17′N 72°51′E / 19.29°N 72.85°E / 19.29; 72.85
Country  India
State Maharashtra
District Thane
Government
 • Mayor Dimple Mehta
 • Deputy Mayor [[]]
Area
 • Total 79.4 km2 (30.7 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 814,655
 • Density 10,000/km2 (27,000/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Marathi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 401107- For Mira Road & 401101- For Bhayandar(W) & 401105- For Bhayandar(E)
Telephone code 022-2811,2812
Vehicle registration MH-04
Sex ratio 1.22:1 /
Website www.mbmc.gov.in

Mira-Bhayander is a municipality in the Thane district in the state of Maharashtra, located in the northern part of Salsette Island, and shares a border with North Mumbai. Mira-Bhayander is administered by Mira-Bhayander Municipal Corporation (MBMC), with a population at the 2011 Census of 814,655.

History

Sopara was the capital of North-Konkan or Aparanta in the third century B.C.[1] It is close to the town of Mira-Bhayandar. Trade with Mesopotamia, ancient Egypt, Greece and Rome was carried out through the various ports in this region. In Medieval India the Ghodbunder port was used to import horses from Arabia.[citation needed]Chimnaji Appa during his campaign to conquer the Bassein Fort in 1737 also conquered the forts of Ghodbunder and Dharavi. In times of the British occupation of India, the residents of the Mira-Bhayandar area participated in the Salt Satyagraha.

Politics

The Mira-Bhayandar Municipal Corporation (MBMC) is administerated by the Bharatiya Janata Party.

Demographics

Religions in Mira-bhayander
Religion Percent
Hindus
68.96%
Muslims
16.28%
Christians
6.01%
Jains
5.67%
Buddhists
1.86%
Others†
1.47%
Distribution of religions
Includes Sikhs (0.53%) and non religious

The 2011 India census recorded a population of 814,655[2][3] in Mira-Bhyandar. Economic growth is led by the manufacturing sector. Bhayander is divided into two parts by the Mumbai suburban rail line - East and West. Mira Road has seen development only in the East part, while the West part, on the other side of the railway line is covered with salt pans and mangroves. Mira Road East is a predominantly residential area. Its calm, quiet surroundings and low pollution make it a desirable residential oasis.

Bhayander West was traditionally residential, and the East predominantly an industrial area in the field of steel utensils manufacturing. Recent population growth and a flurry of construction has blurred the boundaries between Bhayander and neighbouring Mira Road on the East side of the rail tracks, turning it into a populous suburb. Government-owned Salt Pans and marshland in West Mira Road have restricted the southward spread of Bhayander. There is a lot of scope for development of this land as it has the potential to house a large industrial complex.[citation needed]

Among minority languages, Gujarati is spoken by 18.13% of the population and Hindi by 33.90%.[4]


References

  1. ^ Times of India article on Sopara, 18 November 2001
  2. ^ "Mira and Bhayander City Census 2011 data". Government of India Census 2011. Retrieved 31 March 2018. 
  3. ^ http://censusindia.gov.in/2011-prov-results/paper2/data_files/India2/Table_2_PR_Cities_1Lakh_and_Above.pdf
  4. ^ "51st REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER FOR LINGUISTIC MINORITIES IN INDIA" (PDF). nclm.nic.in. Ministry of Minority Affairs. 15 July 2015. p. 151. Retrieved 15 February 2018. 

External links

  • Ancient History of Thane
  • Mira-Bhayandar Municipal Corporation official site.
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