Mir Mosharraf Hossain

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Mir Mosharraf Hossain
Mir mosharraf hossain.jpg
Native name মীর মশাররফ হোসেন
Born Mir Mosharraf Hossain
13 November, 1847
Pangsha, Rajbari District.
Died 1911[1] or 1912[2]
Occupation Writer
Language Bengali
Nationality Indian
Notable works Bishadsindhu
Spouses Aziz-un-Nesa, Bibi Kulsum

Mir Mosharraf Hossain (Bengali: মীর মশাররফ হোসেন; 1847–1911 or 1912) was a Bengali novelist, playwright and essayist in 19th century Bengal. He is principally known for his famous novel Bishad Sindhu. He is considered as the first novelist to emerge from the Muslim society of Bengal.

Early life

Mir Mosharraf Hossain was born in the village of Lahinipara in Kumarkhali under Kushtia District.[3] But most of the time of his life spent in Padamdi in Baliakandi PS under district Rajbari. His widely accepted date of birth is 13 November 1847.[4] But some researchers also claim his date of birth is 26 October 1847.[5] He was born to Mir Moazzem Hossain, a Muslim aristocrat, and Daulatunnesa.

Mosharraf Hossain learned Arabic and Persian with a teacher at home and then Bengali at a pathshala. He began his formal education at Kushtia School and then studied up to Class V at Krishnanagar Collegiate School. He was admitted to Kalighat School in Kolkata but could not complete his studies. Mosharraf Hossain began his career looking after his father’s landed property. Later he served the Faridpur Nawab Estate and, in 1885, the Delduar Estate. He lived in Kolkata from 1903 to 1909.[2]


While still a student, Mosharraf Hossain worked as a mofussil reporter for the Sangbad Prabhakar (1831) and Gram Barta Prokashika (1863). His literary career started here.[2]

Literary career

Mir Mosarraf Hossain's magnum opus is Bishad Shindhu, depicting the tale of Martyrdom of Hasan and Husayn in Karbala. He was one of the first Muslim writers to emerge from colonial British India. His other works include Jamidar Darpan (Reflections on Zamindars, a play on the plight of common people under the Zamindars (landlords installed by the British colonial rulers) and their struggle against them.

His literary works were included in the curriculum of school level, secondary, higher secondary and graduation level Bengali Literature in Bangladesh.[citation needed]



  • Jamidar Darpan (1873)
  • Bosontokumari Natok (1873)


  • Gorai Bridge or Gouri Setu (1873)


  • Gojibon


  • Amar Jiboni (autobiography)
  • Bibi Kulsum


  • Gazi Miar Bostani
  • Bajimat
  • Bibi Khodejar Bibaho
  • Hazrart Umarer Dharmo Jibon Labh
  • Musolmaner Bangla Shikhya-1
  • Musolmaner Bangla Shikhya-2

Personal life

In 1865 he married Aziz-un-Nesa. His second wife was Bibi Kulsum married in 1874. He died in 1911[1] or perhaps in 1912.[2]

See also

  • Golpo Songroho (Collected Stories), the national textbook of B.A. (pass and subsidiary) course of Bangladesh, published by University of Dhaka in 1979 (reprint in 1986).
  • Bangla Sahitya (Bengali Literature), the national textbook of intermediate (college) level of Bangladesh published in 1996 by all educational boards.


  1. ^ a b Homage to Mir Mosharraf Hossain
  2. ^ a b c d Guha, Bimal (2012). "Hossain, Mir Mosharraf". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh. 
  3. ^ "Mir Mosharraf Hossain: A pioneering Bengali writer". The Independent. 1 June 2013. Archived from the original on 24 February 2014. Retrieved 18 February 2014. 
  4. ^ ব্রজেন্দ্রনাথ বন্দোপাধ্যায়: 'স্বর্ণকুমারী দেবী, মীর মশাররফ হোসেন'। সাহিত্য সাধক-চরিতমালা' : ২৮-২৯ সংখ্যক পুস্তিকা। পঞ্চম-সং: কলিকাতা, জৈষ্ঠ্য ১৩৬১. পৃষ্ঠা ৩১।
  5. ^ আবুল আহসান চৌধুরী. মীর মশাররফ হোসেন. জীবনী গ্রন্থমালা সিরিজ. বাংলা একাডেমী. ঢাকা. ১৯৯৩. পৃষ্ঠা-১১।
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