Minister of Home Affairs (India)

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Minister of Home Affairs
Emblem of India.svg
Rajnath Singh
Ministry of Home Affairs
Style The Honourable
Member of Union Cabinet
National Security Council
Reports to The Prime Minister
Seat North Block, Rashtrapati Bhavan, New Delhi
Appointer President on the advice of the Prime Minister
Term length 5 years
Formation 15 August 1947
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The Minister of Home Affairs (or simply, the Home Minister) is the head of the Ministry of Home Affairs of the Government of India. One of the senior-most officers in the Union Cabinet, the chief responsibility of the Home Minister is the maintenance of India's internal security; the country's large police force comes under his ambit. Occasionally, he/she is assisted by the Minister of State of Home Affairs and the lower-ranked Deputy Minister of Home Affairs.

Ever since the time of independent India's first Home Minister, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, the office has been seen as second in seniority only to the Prime Minister in the Union Cabinet. Like Patel, several Home Ministers have since held the additional portfolio of Deputy Prime Minister. As of February 2018, three Home Ministers have gone on to become the Prime Minister who are: Lal Bahadur Shastri, Charan Singh and P. V. Narasimha Rao.

Since 26 May 2014, the Home Minister of India is Rajnath Singh of the Bharatiya Janta Party, taking over the reins from Sushilkumar Shinde.

List of Home Ministers

Name Portrait Term of office Political party
Prime Minister
1 Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel Sardar patel (cropped).jpg 15 August 1947 15 December 1950 Indian National Congress Jawaharlal Nehru
2 C. Rajagopalachari C Rajagopalachari 1944.jpg 26 December 1950 25 October 1951
3 Kailash Nath Katju 25 October 1951 10 January 1955
4 Govind Ballabh Pant Pandit Govind Ballabh Pant.jpg 10 January 1955 7 March 1961
5 Lal Bahadur Shastri Lal Bahadur Shastri (cropped).jpg 4 April 1961 29 August 1963
6 Gulzarilal Nanda Gulzarilal Nanda (cropped).jpg 29 August 1963 14 November 1966 Jawaharlal Nehru
Lal Bahadur Shastri
Indira Gandhi
7 Yashwantrao Chavan 14 November 1966 27 June 1970 Indira Gandhi
8 Indira Gandhi Indira Gandhi 1977.jpg 27 June 1970 4 February 1973
9 Uma Shankar Dikshit 4 February 1973 10 October 1974
10 Kasu Brahmananda Reddy 4c6cd62dfd5a0af36d3e2dfd78c8faf6 m.jpg 10 October 1974 24 March 1977
11 Charan Singh 24 March 1977 1 July 1978 Janata Party Morarji Desai
12 Morarji Desai Morarji Desai (cropped).jpg 1 July 1978 28 July 1979
(7) Yashwantrao Chavan 28 July 1979 14 January 1980 Janata Party (Secular) Charan Singh
13 Giani Zail Singh 14 January 1980 22 June 1982 Indian National Congress Indira Gandhi
14 R. Venkataraman R Venkataraman (cropped).jpg 22 June 1982 2 September 1982
15 Prakash Chandra Sethi 2 September 1982 19 July 1984
16 P. V. Narasimha Rao Pumapaparti.N.rao.jpg 19 July 1984 31 December 1984 Indira Gandhi
Rajiv Gandhi
17 Shankarrao Chavan 31 December 1984 12 March 1986 Rajiv Gandhi
(16) P. V. Narasimha Rao Pumapaparti.N.rao.jpg 12 March 1986 12 May 1986
18 Sardar Buta Singh Buta Singh at DJ Sheizwoods house (11) (cropped).jpg 12 May 1986 2 December 1989
19 Mufti Mohammad Sayeed Mufti Mohammad Sayeed.jpg December 1989 10 November 1990 Janata Dal
(National Front)
V. P. Singh
20 Chandra Shekhar 10 November 1990 21 June 1991 Samajwadi Janata Party
(National Front)
Chandra Shekhar
(17) Shankarrao Chavan 21 June 1991 16 May 1996 Indian National Congress P. V. Narasimha Rao
21 Murli Manohar Joshi Murli Manohar Joshi MP.jpg 16 May 1996 1 June 1996 Bharatiya Janata Party Atal Bihari Vajpayee
22 H.D. Deve Gowda Deve Gowda BNC.jpg 1 June 1996 29 June 1996 Janata Dal
(United Front)
H.D. Deve Gowda
23 Indrajit Gupta 29 June 1996 19 March 1998 Communist Party of India
(United Front)
H. D. Deve Gowda
I. K. Gujral
24 L. K. Advani Lal Krishna Advani 2008-12-4.jpg 19 March 1998 22 May 2004 Bharatiya Janata Party
(National Democratic Alliance)
Atal Bihari Vajpayee
25 Shivraj Patil Shivraj Patil.jpg 22 May 2004 30 November 2008 Indian National Congress
(United Progressive Alliance)
Manmohan Singh
26 P. Chidambaram Pchidambaram (cropped).jpg 30 November 2008 31 July 2012
27 Sushilkumar Shinde Sushilkumar Shinde.JPG 31 July 2012 26 May 2014
28 Rajnath Singh Rajnath.jpg 26 May 2014 Incumbent Bharatiya Janata Party
(National Democratic Alliance)
Narendra Modi

Ministers of State of Home Affairs

Name Term of office Political Party Prime Minister Minister of Home Affairs
Subodh Kant Sahay[1] April 1990 November 1990 Janata Dal
National Front
V. P. Singh Mufti Mohammed Sayeed
Shriprakash Jaiswal[2] 23 May 2004 2009 Indian National Congress
United Progressive Alliance
Manmohan Singh Shivraj Patil
P. Chidambaram
R. P. N. Singh[3] 28 October 2012 26 May 2014 Indian National Congress
United Progressive Alliance
Manmohan Singh Sushilkumar Shinde
Kiren Rijiju 26 May 2014 Incumbent Bharatiya Janata Party
National Democratic Alliance
Narendra Modi Rajnath Singh


  1. ^ Fifteenth Lok Sabha, Members Bioprofile : Sahai, Shri Subodh Kant
  2. ^ Fifteenth Lok Sabha, Members Bioprofile : Jaiswal, Shri Sriprakash
  3. ^ Fifteenth Lok Sabha, Members Bioprofile : Singh, Shri Ratanjit Pratap Narain

External links

  • Home Ministry, Govt. of India
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