Armed Forces of Serbia and Montenegro

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Armed Forces of Serbia and Montenegro
Војска Србије и Црне Горе
Vojska Srbije i Crne Gore
VSCG.jpg
Serbia and Montenegro Armed Forces
Founded May 20, 1992; 26 years ago (1992-05-20)
Disbanded June 5, 2006; 12 years ago (2006-06-05)
Headquarters Belgrade, Serbia, Serbia and Montenegro
Leadership
Commander-in-Chief
Commanders of General Staff HQ
Manpower
Military age 19 years
Related articles
History Bosnian War, Kosovo War, Preševo Valley conflict, Albania–Yugoslav border incident
Ranks Ranks and insignia of the Military of Serbia and Montenegro

The Armed Forces of Serbia and Montenegro (Serbian: Војска Србије и Црне Горе/Vojska Srbije i Crne Gore; ВСЦГ/VSCG) included ground forces with internal and border troops, naval forces, air and air defense forces, and civil defense. Preceding the VSCG was the Armed Forces of Yugoslavia (1992–2003, Војска Југославије/Vojska Jugoslavije, ВЈ/VJ) from the remnants of the Yugoslav People's Army (JNA), the military of SFR Yugoslavia. The state, then named Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, participated in the Yugoslav Wars with limited direct intervention of its own armed forces. Following the end of the Wars and the constitutional reforms of 2003 by which the state was renamed "Serbia and Montenegro", the military accordingly changed its name. The military was heavily involved in combating Albanian separatists during the Kosovo War and Preševo Valley conflict, and also engaged NATO airplanes during the 1999 NATO bombing of Yugoslavia.

Upon the dissolution of Serbia and Montenegro with the Montenegrin independence referendum (2006), a fraction of the joint military was given to Montenegro, with the bulk of the force remaining in Serbia. Montenegro inherited the navy as Serbia is landlocked.

Organization

VJ

The Armed Forces of Yugoslavia (VJ) was organized into the following:

Ground Forces

  • 1st Army
    • Novi Sad Corps
    • Belgrade Command
    • Kragujevac Corps
    • Independent units
  • 2nd Army
    • Podgorica Corps
    • Užice Corps
    • Independent units
  • 3rd Army
    • Niš Corps
    • Leskovac Corps
    • Priština Corps
    • Independent units

Navy

  • War Command
  • Flotilla
  • 81st
  • 83rd
  • 85th
  • 108th
  • 110th
  • 82nd
  • 69th
  • 367th
  • 9th
  • 10th
  • 27th
  • 61st
  • 223rd
  • 9th

Air Force

VSCG

Ground Forces

Inventory

Official seal of the Yugoslav Forces, prior to its renaming.

Ground Forces

Armoured vehicles
Artillery
Air Defence
Infantry weapons

Air Force

The inventory included MiG-21 (fighter/recon/trainer), MiG-29 (fighter/trainer), Soko J-22 (ground/recon/trainer), Soko G-2 (fighter/bomber/trainer), Soko G-4 (fighter/bomber/target/trainer, Antonov An-2 (cargo), Antonov An-26 (cargo), Yakovlev Yak-40 (VIP), Mil Mi-8 (multirole), Mil Mi-14 (anti-submarine), Kamov Ka-25 (anti-submarine), Kamov Ka-28 (anti-submarine), Aérospatiale Gazelle (attack/utility/recon).

Navy

Yugoslav Naval Ensign

The Federal Yugoslav Navy was based in the Kotor and was largely made of vessels inherited from the SFR Yugoslav Navy. During NATO's Operation Allied Force in 1999, the Navy took control over civilian shipping around Kotor, despite NATO's blockade[2] and in several actions the navy's warships fired at NATO aircraft that were on their way to strike targets.[3] The Navy claimed to have shot down three UAVs over Boka Kotorska. The images of the remains of one of them were displayed online.[4]

Intelligence

Operational experience

Statistics

The M-84 Main Battle Tank

Civilians fit for military service were estimated at about 4,888,595 (2001 est.). The 2002 estimate for military expenditures as percent of GDP was 4.6%. Significant reforms were undertaken in the military of Serbia and Montenegro. In 2002 the Serbo-Montenegrin Military force numbered around 117,500 soldiers, supported by some 450,000 reserves. The 100,000 strong Army had 1,500 main battle tanks and 687 armed infantry vehicles. The Navy had 3,500 personnel, of whom 900 were marines. The entire Navy was composed totally out of 6 submarines, 3 frigates, 41 patrol & coastal ships and 14 "other" vessels. The Air force 14,000 personnel had 192 combat aircraft and 72 armed helicopters.

Branches

  • Army or Ground Forces (Kopnena vojska – KoV VSCG)
  • Air Force and Air Defense (Ratno Vazduhoplovstvo i Protivvazdušna odbrana – RV i PVO VSCG)
  • Navy (Ratna Mornarica – RM VSCG)

Military manpower – military age: 19 years of age (2003 est.)

Military manpower – availability:
males age 15–49: 3,579,620 (2003 est.)

Military manpower – fit for military service:
males age 15–49: 3,077,660 (2003 est.)

Military manpower – reaching military age annually:
males: 101,547 (2003 est.)

Military expenditures – dollar figure: $954 million (2002)

Military expenditures – percent of GDP: 4.6% (2002. est.)

International deployment

The VSCG was part of MONUC, the UN mission in the Congo. The VSCG was also part of UNAMSIL, the UN mission into Sierra Leone.

Last chief of staff of the Military of Serbia and Montenegro was general Ljubiša Jokić.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Arsenal" magazine, 15 October 2007 Archived 26 March 2009 at the Wayback Machine. (in Serbian)
  2. ^ Crisis in the Balkans: The Blockade, by Steven Lee Mayers, The New York Times, May 5, 1999
  3. ^ Between Milosevic and the West, Montenegro's balance of fear, by Anna Husarska The New York Times, April 17, 1999
  4. ^ UAV Remains in Yugoslavia

External links

  • Yugoslavia Ground Forces
  • Serbian and Montenegrin Armed Forces / Vojska Srbije i Crne Gore – VSCG
  • Army of Yugoslavia / Vojska Jugoslavije
  • The Great Secret of Serbian Military Affair, which covers the time when Serbia and Montenegro was in the state union
  • Encyclopedia of the Nations
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