Public Forces of Costa Rica

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The Public Force of Costa Rica is the country’s law enforcement force, which performs policing and border patrol functions.[1]

History

On December 1, 1948, President José Figueres Ferrer of Costa Rica abolished the military of Costa Rica after victory in the civil war that year.[2] In a ceremony in the Cuartel Bellavista, Figueres broke a wall with a mallet symbolizing an end to Costa Rica's military spirit.[3]

In 1949, the abolition of the military was introduced in Article 12 of the Costa Rican Constitution.[4] The budget previously dedicated to the military is now dedicated to security, education and culture. Costa Rica maintains Police Guard forces.

The museum Museo Nacional de Costa Rica was placed in the Cuartel Bellavista as a symbol of commitment to culture. In 1986, President Oscar Arias Sánchez declared December 1 as the Día de la Abolición del Ejército (Military abolition day) with Law #8115. Unlike its neighbors, Costa Rica has not endured a civil war since 1948. Costa Rica maintains small forces capable of law enforcement, but has no permanent standing army.

Public Force of the Ministry of Public Security (1996)

In 1996, the Ministry of Public Security established the Fuerza Pública or Public Force, a gendarmarie which reorganized and eliminated the Civil Guard, Rural Assistance Guard, and Frontier Guards as separate entities. They are now under the Ministry and operate on a geographic command basis performing ground security, law enforcement, counter-narcotics, border patrol, and tourism security functions.

Outside the Fuerza Pública, there is a small Special Forces Unit, the Unidad Especial de Intervencion (UEI) or Special Intervention Unit, an elite commando force which trains with special forces from around the world, but is not part of the main police forces. Instead it is part of the Intelligence and Security Directorate (DIS) which reports directly to the Minister of the Presidency. About 70 members strong, it is organized along military lines, although officially a civilian police unit.

Its motto is "God, Fatherland, and Honor." Commissioner of Police Juan José Andrade Morales serves as its current Commissioner General.

Aircraft inventory in 2016

There are 15 aircraft operated by Air Vigilance Service as government support, law enforcement, and civil duties.

Aircraft Type Versions In service[5] Notes
Aero Commander 695 Utility transport 695 1
Cessna 206 Utility 206G 2
Cessna 207 Utility 1
de Havilland Canada DHC-4 Caribou Tactical transport 1
MD Helicopters MD 500 Utility helicopter MD 500E 2
MD Helicopters MD 600 Utility helicopter MD 600 2
Piper PA-31 Navajo Utility 3
Piper PA-34 Seneca Utility PA-34-200T 1
Harbin Y-12 Utility Y-12E 2 (2016)[6]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Costa Rica 1949 (rev. 2011)". Constitute. Retrieved 28 April 2015. 
  2. ^ El Espíritu del 48. "Abolición del Ejército". Retrieved 2008-03-09.  (Spanish)
  3. ^ "Historia militar de Costa Rica revive con los 100 años del Cuartel Bellavista". La Nación, Grupo Nación (in Spanish). Retrieved 2018-09-04. 
  4. ^ "Air Advisors conduct first-ever BPC mission in Costa Rica". U.S. Air Force. Retrieved 2018-09-04. 
  5. ^ "World Military Aircraft Inventory", Aerospace Source Book 2007, Aviation Week & Space Technology, January 15, 2007.
  6. ^ http://www.eastpendulum.com/deux-y-12e-livres-a-force-publique-costa-rica

External links

  • Fuerza Pública de Costa Rica.
  • Ministerio de Seguridad Pública.
  • El Espíritu del 48: Abolición del Ejército A brief history of the abolition of the military in Costa Rica.
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