Mikhail Gromov (military)

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Mikhail Gromov
Михаи́л Гро́мов
Gromov Mihail Mihajlovich 1934.jpg
Mikhail Mikhaylovich Gromov, 1934
Full name Mikhail Mikhaylovich Gromov
Born (1899-02-24)24 February 1899
Tver, Tver Governorate, Russian Empire
Died 22 January 1985(1985-01-22) (aged 85)
Aviation career
Known for Establishing a new non-stop flight distance record of 12411 kilometers (6,306 mi) from Moscow to San Jacinto, California, U.S
Awards Hero of the Soviet Union Order of Lenin

Mikhail Mikhaylovich Gromov (Russian: Михаи́л Миха́йлович Гро́мов; 24 February 1899 - 22 January 1985) was a famous Soviet aviator and Hero of the Soviet Union.


On 23 June 1927, Gromov made the first Soviet parachute jump when he bailed out of a Polikarpov I-1 that had entered an unrecoverable spin.[1]

On 12–14 July 1937, Gromov, A. B. Yumashev and S. A. Danilin established a new non-stop flight distance record of 10,148 kilometers (6,306 mi) from Moscow to San Jacinto, California, U.S., via the North Pole in a Tupolev ANT-25.

Gromov was the first director of the Gromov Flight Research Institute, also known by its Russian language abbreviation LII, a flight research institute in Zhukovsky which bears his name, as does the city square near it.


  1. ^ Gunston, Bill (1995). The Osprey Encyclopedia of Russian Aircraft 1875-1995. London: Osprey. ISBN 1-85532-405-9. , pp. 286-287.

External links

  • Biography on LII website
  • S. P. Korolev. Encyclopedia of life and creativity" - edited by C. A. Lopota, RSC Energia. S. P. Korolev, 2014 ISBN 978-5-906674-04-3
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